BROEMEL, bru'mel", ALBERT ROBERT: German Lutheran pastor and author; b. at Teichel (15 m. s.s.e. of Erfurt), Schwarzburg, Apr. 27, 1815; d. at Ratzeburg (12 m. s.e. of Lübeck), Prussia, Oct. 28, 1885. He was educated at Göttingen, Jena, and Berlin, and after spending two years helping Otto von Gerlach in both educational and pastoral duties in the last-named place, was called in 1846 to be pastor of Lassahn in the duchy of Lauenburg. In 1854 he became superintendent of the whole district, with special charge of the principal church of Ratzeburg. Besides the multifarious duties which occupied him during the next thirty years, he found time for a considerable literary activity. His principal work was his Homiletische Charakterbilder (2 vols., Berlin, 1869-1874), which is practically a history of preaching, especially the post-Reformation and German. As is natural from the character of his life, his writings generally are more practical than theoretical.


BROMLEY, THOMAS: English mystic; b. in Worcester 1629; d. 1691. He held a fellowship in Oxford until 1660, when, as a non-conformist, he refused to accept the Anglican Liturgy. But previously he had become a follower of Jakob Boehme the mystic, and with John Pordage and Jane Lead had founded the Philadelphian Society (see LEAD, JANE); when he left Oxford he came to Pordage, and lived with him many years. He rejected the outward church and advocated virginity for all. The Way to the Sabbath of Rest (last ed., 1802) is his most important work.

BROOKE, FRANCIS KEY: Protestant Episcopal bishop of the missionary district of Oklahoma and Indian Territory; b, at Gambier, O., Nov. 2, 1852; graduated at Kenyon College, 1874. He was successively rector at College Hill, Portsmouth, Piqua, and Sandusky, Ohio; St. Louis, Mo.; and Atchison, Kan., and was consecrated bishop in 1893.

BROOKE, STOPFORD AUGUSTUS: English Unitarian; b. at Letterkenny (16 m. s.w. of Londonderry), County Donegal, Nov. 14, 1832. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin (B.A., 1856), and was ordained priest in the Church of England in 1857. He was successively curate of St. Matthew's, Marylebone (1857-59) and Kensington Church (1860-63). He was then chaplain to the princess royal, Berlin (1863-65), and after his return to England was minister of St. James's Chapel, York Street (1866-75), and of Bedford Chapel (1876-94), He was appointed chaplain to the queen in 1872, but in 1880 he withdrew from the Church of England, finding himself unable to accept the orthodox teaching concerning miracles. Among his writings special mention may be made of the following: Life and Letters of the late Frederick W. Robertson (2 vols., London, 1865); Freedom in the Church of England (1871); Sermons (1868-77); Theology in the English Poets (1874); A Fight of Faith (1877); Spirit of the Christian Life (1881); Unity of God and Man (1886); The Early Life of Jesus (1887); History of Early English Literature (1892); Short Sermons (1892); History of English Literature (1894); Study of Tennyson (1894); God and Christ (1894); Jesus and Modern Thought (1894); Old Testament and Modern Life (1896); The Gospel of Joy (1898); and Poetry of Robert Browning (1902).


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