BAUER, WALTER FELIX: German Protestant; b. at Königsberg Aug. 8, 1877. From 1895 to 1900 he studied at the universities of Marburg, Berlin, and Strasburg, and since 1903 has been privat-docent for church history at the University of Marburg. He has written Mündige und Unmündige bei dem Apostel Paulus (Marburg, 1902) and Der Alpostolos der Syrer in der Zeit von der Mitte des vierten Jahrhunderts bis zur Spaltung der syrischen Kirche (Giessen, 1903).
BAUM, baum, HENRY MASON: Protestant
Episcopalian; b. at East Schuyler, N. Y., Feb. 24,
1848. He was educated at the Hudson River
Institute, Claverack, N. Y., but did not attend a
college. He received his theological training at
De Lancey Divinity School, Geneva, N. Y., and
was ordained to the priesthood in 1870. He was
successively rector of St. Peter's Church, East
Bloomfield, N. Y. (1870-71), missionary to Allen's
Hill, Victor, Lima, and Honeoye Falls, N. Y. (1871-1872), rector of St. Matthew's Church, Laramie City,
Wyo. (1872-73), in charge of St. James's Church,
Paulsborough, N. J. (1873-74), rector of St. Matthew's Church, Lambertville, N. J. (1875-76),
and rector of Trinity Church, Easton, Pa. (1876-80).
From 1880 to 1892 he was editor of The Church Review,
and in 1901 founded the Records of the Past,
which he edited until 1905. He has taken a
keen interest in the preservation of the antiquities
of the United States, and was the author of the act
passed by the Senate in 1904 for the protection of
these archeological remains. In that year he also
founded the Institute of Historical Research at
Washington, and has since been its president.
In theology he is a firm believer in the historical
accuracy of the Bible. He has written Rights and Duties
of Rectors, Church Wardens, and Vestrymen in
the American Church (Philadelphia, 1879) and The
Law of the Church in the United States (New York, 1886).
BAUM, JOHANN WILHELM: Protestant German theologian; b. at Flonheim (17 m. s.s.w. of Mainz) Dec. 7, 1809; d. at Strasburg Nov. 28, 1878. When he was thirteen years of age, he was sent to Strasburg to the house of his uncle, where he prepared himself for the ministry. Having completed his studies, he was made teacher at, the theological seminary at Strasburg in 1835. This position he resigned in 1844 and accepted the position of vicar of St. Thomas's in that city, whose first preacher he became in 1847. At the close of the Franco-Prussian war, the German government appointed him professor in the University of Strasburg. He belonged to the liberal Protestant party of his country, and made himself known by his writings on the history of the Reformation, as well as that of his own time, including Franz Lambert von Avignon (Strasburg and Paris, 1840); Theodor Beza nach handschriftlichen Quellen dargestellt (2 vols., Leipsic, 1843-45); Johann Georg Stuber, der Vorgänger Oberlins im Steinthale and Vorkämpfer einer neuen Zeit in Strassburg (Strasburg, 1846); Die Memoiren d'Aubigné's des Hugenotten von altem Schrott und Korn (Leipsic, 1854); Capito und Butzer, Strassburgs Reformatoren (Elberfeld, 1860), being the third part of Leben und ausgewählte Schriften der Väter und Begründer der reformirten Kirche. Besides these works written in German, he published in French Les Églises réformées de France sous la croix (Strasburg, 1869); Les Mémoires de P. Carrière dit Corteis (Strasburg, 1871); Le Procès de Baudichon de la Maisori-Neuve (Geneva, 1873). For a number of years Baum assisted his colleagues Reuss and Cunitz in the edition of Calvin's works published in the Corpus reformatorum.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Zur Erinnerung an J. W. Baum, Reden, Strasburg, 1878; M. Baum, J. W. Baum, ein protestantisches Charakterbild aus dem Elsass, Bremen, 1880.
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