Lu 19:1
19:1 And {1} [Jesus] entered and passed through Jericho.

 (1) Christ especially guides by his grace those who seem to be
     furthest from it.

Lu 19:2
19:2 And, behold, [there was] a man named Zacchaeus, which was
     the {a} chief among the publicans, and he was rich.

     (a) The overseer and head of the publicans who were there
         together: for the publicans were divided into
         companies, as we may gather from many places in the
         orations of Cicero.

Lu 19:7
19:7 {2} And when they saw [it], they all murmured, saying, That
     he was gone to be guest with a man that is a sinner.

 (2) The world forsakes the grace of God, and yet is unwilling
     that it should be bestowed upon others.

Lu 19:8
19:8 {3} And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord; Behold,
     Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I
     have taken any thing from any man by {b} false accusation,
     I restore [him] fourfold.

 (3) The example of true repentance is known by the effect.
     (b) By falsely accusing any man: and this agrees most fitly
         to the master of the tax gatherers: for commonly they
         have this practice among them when they rob and spoil
         the commonwealth, that they claim to be concerned for
         nothing else except the profit of the commonwealth,
         and under this pretence they are thieves, and to such
         an extent that if men reprove them and try to redress
         their robbery and thievery, they cry out that the
         commonwealth is hindered.

Lu 19:9
19:9 And Jesus said unto him, This day is salvation come to this
     house, forsomuch as he also is a {c} son of Abraham.

     (c) Beloved of God, one that walks in the steps of
         Abraham's faith: and we gather that salvation came to
         that house because they received the blessing as
         Abraham had. (Ed.)

Lu 19:11
19:11 {4} And as they heard these things, he added and spake a
      parable, because he was nigh to Jerusalem, and because
      they thought that the kingdom of God should immediately

 (4) We must patiently wait for the judgment of God which will
     be revealed in his time.

Lu 19:13
19:13 {5} And he called his ten servants, and delivered them ten
      pounds, and said unto them, Occupy till I come.

 (5) There are three sorts of men in the Church: the one sort
     fall from Christ whom they do not see; the other, according
     to their God given position, bestow the gifts which they
     have received from God to his glory, with great pains and
     diligence; the third live idly and do no good.  As for the
     first, the Lord when he comes will justly punish them in
     his time; the second he will bless according to the pains
     which they have taken; and as for the slothful and idle
     persons, he will punish them like the first.

Lu 19:16
19:16 Then came the first, saying, Lord, {d} thy pound hath
      gained ten pounds.

      (d) This was a piece of money which the Greeks used, and
          was worth about one hundred pence, which is about ten

Lu 19:20
19:20 {6} And another came, saying, Lord, behold, [here is] thy
      pound, which I have kept laid up in a napkin:

 (6) Against those who idly spend their life in deliberating and
     in contemplation.

Lu 19:23
19:23 Wherefore then gavest not thou my money into the {e} bank,
      that at my coming I might have required mine own with

      (e) To the bankers and money changers. Usury or loaning
          money at interest is strictly forbidden by the Bible,
          Ex 22:25-27  De 23:19,20.  Even a rate as low
          as one per cent interest was disallowed,
          Ne 5:11. This servant had already told two
          lies. First he said the master was an austere or harsh
          man. This is a lie for the Lord is merciful and
          gracious. Next he called his master a thief because he
          reaped where he did not sow.  Finally the master said
          to him that why did you not add insult to injury and
          loan the money out at interest so you could call your
          master a "usurer" too!  If the servant had done this,
          his master would have been responsible for his
          servant's actions and guilty of usury. (Ed.)

Lu 19:28
19:28 And when he had thus spoken, {f} he went before, ascending
      up to Jerusalem.

      (f) The disciples were staggered and stopped by what
          Christ said, but Christ goes on boldly even though
          death was before his eyes.

Lu 19:29
19:29 {7} And it came to pass, when he was come nigh to
      Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount called [the mount] of
      Olives, he sent two of his disciples,

 (7) Christ shows in his own person that his kingdom is not of
     this world.

Lu 19:39
19:39 {8} And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude
      said unto him, Master, rebuke thy disciples.

 (8) When those linger who ought to preach and set forth the
     kingdom of God the most, he will extraordinarily raise up
     others in spite of them.

Lu 19:41
19:41 {9} And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and
      wept over it,

 (9) Christ is not delighted with destruction, no not even of the

Lu 19:42
19:42 {g} Saying, {h} If thou hadst known, even thou, {i} at
      least in this {k} thy day, the things [which belong] unto
      thy {l} peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes.

      (g) Christ stops his speech, which partly shows how
          moved he was with compassion over the destruction of
          the city that was surely to come: and partly to
          reprove them for their treachery and stubbornness
          against him, such as has not been heard of before.
      (h) You at the very least, O Jerusalem, to whom the
          message was properly sent.
      (i) If after slaying so many prophets, and so often
          refusing me, the Lord of the prophets, if only now,
          especially in my last coming to you, you had any
          concern for yourself.
      (k) The good and prosperous time is called the day of
          this city.
      (l) That is, those things in which your happiness stands.

Lu 19:44
19:44 And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children
      within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone
      upon another; because thou knewest not {m} the time of thy

      (m) That is, this very instant in which God visited you.

Lu 19:45
19:45 {10} And he went into the temple, and began to cast out
      them that sold therein, and them that bought;

 (10) Christ shows after his entry into Jerusalem by a visible
      sign that it is his duty, given and admonished unto him by
      his Father, to purge the temple.