Lu 13:1
13:1 There {1} were present at that season some that told him of
     the Galilaeans, whose blood {a} Pilate had mingled with
     their sacrifices.

 (1) We must not rejoice at the just punishment of others, but
     rather we should be instructed by it to repent.
     (a) Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea almost ten years,
         and about the fourth year of his government, which
         might be about the fifteenth year of Tiberius' reign,
         Christ finished the work of our redemption by his

Lu 13:4
13:4 Or those eighteen, upon whom the tower in {b} Siloam fell,
     and slew them, think ye that they were sinners above all
     men that dwelt in Jerusalem?

     (b) That is, in the place, or river: for Siloam was a small
         river from which the conduits of the city came; see
         Joh 9:7 Isa 8:6; and therefore it was a tower or a
         castle, built upon the conduit side, which fell down
         suddenly and killed some.

Lu 13:6
13:6 {2} He spake also this parable; A certain [man] had a fig
     tree planted in his vineyard; and he came and sought fruit
     thereon, and found none.

 (2) Great and long suffering is the patience of God, but yet
     he eventually executes judgment.

Lu 13:7
13:7 Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard, Behold,
     these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree,
     and find none: cut it down; why {c} cumbereth it the

     (c) Make the ground barren in that part which is otherwise
         good for vines.

Lu 13:10
13:10 {3} And he was teaching in one of the synagogues on the

 (3) Christ came to deliver us from the hand of Satan.

Lu 13:11
13:11 And, behold, there was a woman which had a {d} spirit of
      infirmity eighteen years, and was bowed together, and
      could in no wise lift up [herself].

      (d) Troubled with a disease which Satan caused.

Lu 13:12
13:12 And when Jesus saw her, he called [her to him], and said
      unto her, Woman, thou art {e} loosed from thine infirmity.

      (e) For Satan had the woman bound, as if she had been in
          chains, to the extent that for eighteen years time she
          could not hold up her head.

Lu 13:14
13:14 {4} And the {f} ruler of the synagogue answered with
      indignation, because that Jesus had healed on the sabbath
      day, and said unto the people, There are six days in which
      men ought to work: in them therefore come and be healed,
      and not on the sabbath day.

 (4) A graphic image of hypocrisy, and the reward of it.
     (f) One of the rulers of the synagogue, for it appears that
         there were many rulers of the synagogue, see Mr 5:22
         Ac 13:15.

Lu 13:19
13:19 {5} It is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man took,
      and cast into his garden; and it grew, and waxed a great
      tree; and the fowls of the air lodged in the branches of

      (5) God begins his kingdom with small beginnings so that
          its growth, which is not looked for, may better set
          forth his power.

Lu 13:22
13:22 {6} And he went through the cities and villages, teaching,
      and journeying toward Jerusalem.

 (6) Against those who had rather err with many than go right
     with a few, and because of this through their own
     indifference they are shut out of the kingdom of God.

Lu 13:26
13:26 {7} Then shall ye begin to say, We have eaten and drunk in
      thy presence, and thou hast taught in our streets.

 (7) It is vain to be in the Church if one is not of the Church;
     and whether or not one is in the Church is shown by the
     purity of life.

Lu 13:28
13:28 {8} There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when ye
      shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the
      prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you [yourselves]
      thrust out.

 (8) The casting off of the Jews and the calling of the Gentiles
     is foretold.

Lu 13:29
13:29 And they shall come from the {g} east, and [from] the
      west, and from the north, and [from] the south, and shall
      sit down in the kingdom of God.

      (g) From all the corners of the world, and the places
          mentioned here are four of the main ones.

Lu 13:31
13:31 {9} The same day there came certain of the Pharisees,
      saying unto him, Get thee out, and depart hence: for Herod
      will kill thee.

 (9) We must go forward in regards to our calling, through the
     midst of terrors, whether they be real or imagined.

Lu 13:32
13:32 And he said unto them, Go ye, and tell that {h} fox,
      Behold, I cast out devils, and I do cures {i} to day and
      to morrow, and the third [day] I shall be {k} perfected.

      (h) That deceitful and treacherous man.
      (i) That is, a small time, and Theophylact says it is a
          proverb: or else by "to day" we may understand the
          present time, and by tomorrow the time to come,
          meaning by this the entire time of his ministry and
      (k) That is, when the sacrifice for sin is finished.

Lu 13:33
13:33 {10} Nevertheless I must walk to day, and to morrow, and
      the [day] following: for it cannot be that a prophet
      perish out of Jerusalem.

 (10) Nowhere else are there more cruel enemies of the godly
      than within the sanctuary and Church itself: but God sees
      it and will in his time have an account for it from them.

Lu 13:34
13:34 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which killest the prophets, and
      stonest them that are sent unto thee; how often would I
      have gathered thy children together, as a hen [doth
      gather] her {l} brood under [her] wings, and ye would not!

      (l) Literally, "the nest": now the brood of chickens is
          the nest.