Joh 6:1
6:1 After these things Jesus went {a} over the sea of Galilee,
    which is [the sea] of Tiberias.

    (a) Not that he cut across the lake of Tiberias, but by
        sailing across the large creeks he made his journey
        shorter: therefore he is said to have gone over the sea,
        when in reality he passed over from one side of the
        creek to the other.

Joh 6:5
6:5 {1} When Jesus then lifted up [his] eyes, and saw a great
    company come unto him, he saith unto Philip, Whence shall we
    buy bread, that these may eat?

 (1) They that follow Christ sometimes hunger, but they are
     never without help.

Joh 6:15
6:15 {2} When Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and
     take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again
     into a mountain himself alone.

 (2) Not only is Christ not delighted by a preposterous worship,
     but he is greatly offended by it.

Joh 6:16
6:16 {3} And when even was [now] come, his disciples went down
     unto the sea,

 (3) The godly are often in peril and danger, but Christ comes
     to them in time, even in the midst of the tempests, and
     brings them to the haven.

Joh 6:17
6:17 And entered into a ship, and went over the sea {b} toward
     Capernaum.  And it was now dark, and Jesus was not come to

     (b) In Mr 6:45 they are told to go ahead to
         Bethsaida, for Bethsaida was along the way to

Joh 6:21
6:21 Then they {c} willingly received him into the ship: and
     immediately the ship was at the land whither they went.

     (c) They were afraid at first, but when they recognized his
         voice they became new men and took him willingly into
         the ship, the very one whom they had shunned and fled
         from before.

Joh 6:26
6:26 {4} Jesus answered them and said, Verily, verily, I say
     unto you, Ye seek me, not because ye saw the miracles, but
     because ye did eat of the loaves, and were filled.

 (4) They that seek the kingdom of heaven lack nothing:
     nevertheless, the gospel is not the food of the stomach but
     rather of the mind.

Joh 6:27
6:27 {d} Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that
     meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of
     man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father {e}

     (d) Bestow your labour and pain.
     (e) That is, whom God the Father had distinguished from all
         other men by planting his own power in him, as though
         he had sealed him with his seal, so that he might be a
         vivid example and representation of him: and furthermore
         he installed him to this office, to reconcile us men to
         God, and bring us to everlasting life, which office
         belongs only to Christ.

Joh 6:28
6:28 Then said they unto him, What shall we do, that we might
     work the {f} works of God?

     (f) Which please God: for they think that everlasting life
         depends upon the condition of fulfilling the law:
         therefore Christ calls them back to faith.

Joh 6:29
6:29 {5} Jesus answered and said unto them, {g} This is the work
     of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent.

 (5) Men torment themselves in vain when they try to please God
     without faith.
     (g) That is, this is the work that God requires, that you
         believe in me, and therefore he calls them back to

Joh 6:30
6:30 {6} They said therefore unto him, What sign shewest thou
     then, that we may see, and believe thee? what dost thou

 (6) The spiritual virtue of Christ is condemned by those that
     desire earthly miracles.

Joh 6:32
6:32 {7} Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto
     you, Moses gave you not {h} that bread from heaven; but my
     Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.

 (7) Christ, who is the true and only author and giver of
     eternal life, was represented unto those in the Old
     Testament by the manna.
     (h) He denies that manna was the true heavenly bread, and
         says that he himself is the true bread, because he
         feeds the true and everlasting life.  And as for
         1Co 10:1-5, where Paul calls manna spiritual food,
         it does not contradict what is said here, for Paul joins
         the thing signified with the sign: but in this whole
         disputation, Christ deals with the Jews after their own
         opinion and conceit of the matter, who thought of the
         manna only in terms of physical food.

Joh 6:35
6:35 And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread {i} of life: he
     that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth
     on me shall never thirst.

     (i) Which has life and gives life.

Joh 6:37
6:37 {8} All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him
     that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out.

 (8) The gift of faith proceeds from the free election of the
     Father in Christ, after which everlasting life necessarily
     follows: therefore faith in Christ Jesus is a sure witness
     of our election, and therefore of our glorification, which
     is to come.

Joh 6:38
6:38 For I came down from heaven, not to do mine {k} own will,
     but the will of him that sent me.

     (k) See above in Joh 5:22.

Joh 6:40
6:40 And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one
     which {l} seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have
     everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.

     (l) Seeing and believing are joined together: for there is
         another type of seeing which is general, which the
         demons have, for they see: but here he speaks about
         that type of seeing which properly belongs to the

Joh 6:41
6:41 {9} The Jews then murmured at him, because he said, I am
     the bread which came down from heaven.

 (9) Flesh cannot perceive spiritual things, and therefore the
     beginning of our salvation comes from God, who changes our
     nature, so that we, being inspired by him, may remain to be
     instructed and saved by Christ.

Joh 6:45
6:45 It is written in the {m} prophets, And they shall be all
     {n} taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and
     hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me.

     (m) In the book of the prophets, for the Old Testament was
         divided by them into three general parts: into the law,
         the prophets, and the holy writings.
     (n) That is, they will be children of the Church, for so
         the prophet Isaiah expounds it in Is 54:13; that
         is to say, ordained to life, \\see Geneva "Ac 13:48"\\,
         and therefore the knowledge of the heavenly truth is
         the gift and work of God, and does not rest in any
         power of man.

Joh 6:46
6:46 Not that any man hath seen the Father, {o} save he which is
     of God, he hath seen the Father.

     (o) If only the Son has seen the Father, then it is only he
         that can truly teach us and instruct us.

Joh 6:48
6:48 {10} I am that bread of life.

 (10) The true use of sacraments is to ascend from them to the
      thing itself, that is, to Christ: and by the partaking of
      him alone we get everlasting life.

Joh 6:50
6:50 {p} This is the bread which cometh down from heaven, that a
     man may eat thereof, and not die.

 (p) He refers to himself when he speaks these words.

Joh 6:51
6:51 {11} I am the {q} living bread which came down from heaven:
     if any man {r} eat of this bread, he shall live for ever:
     and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will
     give for the life of the world.

 (11) Christ being sent from the Father is the selfsame unto us
      for the getting and keeping of everlasting life, as bread
      and flesh, yea, meat and drink, are to the use of this
      transitory life.
      (q) Which gives life to the world.
      (r) That is to say, whoever is truly a partaker of Christ,
          who is our food.

Joh 6:52
6:52 {12} The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying,
     How can this man give us [his] flesh to eat?

 (12) Flesh cannot make a difference between fleshly eating,
      which is done by the help of the teeth, and spiritual
      eating, which consists in faith: and therefore it condemns
      that which it does not understand: yet nonetheless, the
      truth must be preached and taught.

Joh 6:53
6:53 Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you,
     Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his
     blood, ye have {s} no life in you.

     (s) If Christ is present, life is present, but when Christ
         is absent, then death is present.

Joh 6:57
6:57 As {t} the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the
     {u} Father: so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me.

     (t) In that Christ is man, he receives that power which
         quickens and gives life to those that are his, from his
         Father: and he adds this word "the" to make a
         distinction between his Father and all other fathers.
     (u) Christ means that although he is man, yet his flesh can
         give life, not by its own nature, but because his
         flesh lives by the Father, that is to say, sucks and
         draws out of the Father that power which it has to give

Joh 6:60
6:60 {13} Many therefore of his disciples, when they had heard
     [this], said, This is an hard saying; who can hear it?

 (13) The reason of man cannot comprehend the uniting of Christ
      and his members: therefore let it worship and revere that
      which is better than itself.

Joh 6:63
6:63 {14} It is the {x} spirit that quickeneth; the flesh
     profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, [they]
     are spirit, and [they] are life.

 (14) The flesh of Christ therefore quickens us, because he that
      is man is God: and this mystery is only comprehended by
      faith, which is the gift of God, found only in the elect.
      (x) Spirit, that is, that power which flows from the
          Godhead causes the flesh of Christ (which is otherwise
          nothing but flesh) both to live in itself and to give
          life to us.

Joh 6:66
6:66 {15} From that [time] many of his disciples went back, and
     walked no more with him.

 (15) Such is the malice of men, that they bring about their own
      destruction, even in hearing the very doctrine of
      salvation, but there are a few who believe through the
      singular gift of God.

Joh 6:70
6:70 {16} Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve, and
     one of you is a devil?

 (16) The number of the professors of Christ is very small, and
      among them also there are some hypocrites, and those worse
      than all others.