Joh 10:1
10:1 Verily, {1} verily, I say unto you, He that entereth not by
     the door into the sheepfold, but climbeth up some other
     way, the same is a thief and a robber.

 (1) Seeing that by Christ alone we have access to the Father,
     there are no true shepherds other than those who come to
     Christ themselves and bring others there also, neither is
     any to be thought to be in the true sheepfold but those who
     are gathered to Christ.

Joh 10:3
10:3 To him the {a} porter openeth; and the sheep hear his
     voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth
     them out.

     (a) In those days they used to have a servant always
         sitting at the door, and therefore he speaks after the
         manner of those days.

Joh 10:6
10:6 This {b} parable spake Jesus unto them: but they understood
     not what things they were which he spake unto them.

     (b) This word "parable", which the evangelist uses here,
         signifies a hidden type of speech, when words are not
         used with their natural meaning, but are used to
         signify another thing to us.

Joh 10:8
10:8 {2} All that {c} ever came before me are thieves and
     robbers: but the sheep did not hear them.

 (2) It does not matter how many false teachers there
     have been, neither how old they have been.
     (c) These terms must be applied to the matter he speaks of.
         And therefore when he calls himself the door, he calls
         all those thieves and robbers who take upon themselves
         this name of "door", which none of the prophets can do,
         for they showed the sheep that Christ was the door.

Joh 10:9
10:9 {3} I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be
     saved, and shall {d} go in and out, and find pasture.

 (3) Only Christ is the true Pastor, and those only are the true
     Church who acknowledge him to properly be their only
     Pastor: opposite to him are thieves who do not feed the
     sheep, but kill them: and hirelings also, who forsake the
     flock in time of danger, because they feed it only for
     their own profit and gains.
     (d) That is, will live safely, as the Jews used to speak
         (see De 26:6-10), and yet there is a special
         reference to the shepherd's office.

Joh 10:15
10:15 As the Father {e} knoweth me, even so know I the Father:
      and I lay down my life for the sheep.

      (e) Loves me, allows me.

Joh 10:16
10:16 {4} And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold:
      them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and
      there shall be {f} one fold, [and] one shepherd.

 (4) The calling of the Gentiles.
     (f) The distinguishing mark of the Christian Church
         throughout all the world, is that it has only one head,
         that is Christ, the only keeper, and only shepherd of it.

Joh 10:17
10:17 {5} Therefore doth my Father love me, because {g} I lay
      down my life, that I might take it again.

 (5) Christ is by the decree of the Father the only true
     shepherd of the true Church, for he willingly gave his life
     for his sheep, and by his own power rose again to life.
     (g) He uses the present tense because Christ's whole life
         was as it were a perpetual death.

Joh 10:19
10:19 {6} There was a division therefore again among the Jews
      for these sayings.

 (6) The gospel uncovers hypocrisy, and therefore the world must
     necessarily rage when the gospel comes forth.

Joh 10:22
10:22 And it was at Jerusalem the feast of the {h} dedication,
      and it was winter.

      (h) The feast of the dedication was instituted by Judas
          Maccabeus and his brethren after the restoring of
          God's true religion, by the casting out of Antiochus'

Joh 10:23
10:23 {7} And Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon's porch.

 (7) The unbelievers and proud men accuse the gospel of
     darkness, and this very darkness is indeed within

Joh 10:25
10:25 {8} Jesus answered them, I told you, and ye believed not:
      the works that I do in my Father's name, they bear witness
      of me.

 (8) The doctrine of the gospel is proved from heaven by two
     witnesses: both by the purity of the doctrine and by

Joh 10:26
10:26 {9} But ye believe not, {i} because ye are not of my
      sheep, as I said unto you.

 (9) It is no marvel that only a few believe, seeing that all
     men are by nature untamed beasts: yet nonetheless God has
     his own, which he turns into sheep, and commits them unto
     his Son, and preserves them against the cruelty of all wild
     (i) He gives a reason why they do not believe, that is,
         because they are not his sheep.

Joh 10:31
10:31 {10} Then the Jews took up stones again to stone him.

 (10) Christ proves his dignity by divine works.

Joh 10:32
10:32 Jesus answered them, Many good works have I shewed you
      from my {k} Father; for which of those works do ye stone

      (k) Through my Father's authority and power.

Joh 10:35
10:35 If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came,
      and the scripture cannot be {l} broken;

      (l) Void and of no effect.

Joh 10:39
10:39 {11} Therefore they sought again to take him: but he
      escaped out of their hand,

 (11) Christ flees danger, not because of mistrust, nor for fear
      of death, nor that he would be lazy, but to gather a
      Church in another place.