Isa 58:1
58:1 Cry {a} aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet,
     and show my people their transgression, and the house of
     Jacob their sins.

     (a) The Lord thus speaks to the prophet willing him to use
         all diligence and severity to rebuke the hypocrites.

Isa 58:2
58:2 Yet they {b} seek me daily, and delight to know my ways, as
     a nation that did righteousness, and forsook not the
     ordinance of their God: they ask of me the ordinances of
     justice; they take delight in approaching to God.

     (b) They will seem to worship me and have outward holiness.

Isa 58:3
58:3 {c} Why have we fasted, [say they], and thou seest not?
     [why] have we afflicted our soul, and thou takest no
     knowledge? Behold, in the day of your fast ye find {d}
     pleasure, and exact all your labours.

     (c) He sets forth the malice and disdain of the hypocrites,
         who grudge against God, if their works are not
     (d) Thus he convinces the hypocrites by the second table
         and by their duty toward their neighbour, that they
         have neither faith nor religion.

Isa 58:4
58:4 Behold, ye fast for strife and debate, and to smite with
     the fist of wickedness: ye shall not fast as [ye do this]
     day, to make your voice to be {e} heard on high.

     (e) So long as you use contention and oppression, your
         fasting and prayers will not be heard.

Isa 58:6
58:6 [Is] not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the
     bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let
     the oppressed go free, and that ye break every {f} yoke?

     (f) That you leave off all your extortions.

Isa 58:7
58:7 [Is it] not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou
     shouldest bring the poor that are cast out to thy house?
     when thou seest the naked, that thou shouldest cover him;
     and that thou shouldest not hide thyself from {g} thy own

     (g) For in him you see yourself as in a mirror.

Isa 58:8
58:8 Then shall thy (h) light break forth as the morning, and
     thy health shall spring forth speedily: and thy {i}
     righteousness shall go before thee; the glory of the LORD
     shall be thy rear guard.

     (h) That is, the prosperous estate with which God will
         bless you.
     (i) The testimony of your goodness will appear before God
         and man.

Isa 58:9
58:9 Then shalt thou call, and the LORD shall answer; thou shalt
     cry, and he shall say, Here I [am]. If thou shalt take away
     from the midst of thee the yoke, the putting forth of the
     {k} finger, and speaking vanity;

     (k) By which is meant all manner of injury.

Isa 58:10
58:10 And [if] thou shalt {l} draw out thy soul to the hungry,
      and satisfy the afflicted soul; then shall thy light rise
      in {m} obscurity, and thy darkness [be] as the noonday:

      (l) That is, have compassion on their miseries.
      (m) Your adversity will be turned into prosperity.

Isa 58:12
58:12 And [they that shall be] of thee shall build the old {n}
      waste places: thou shalt raise up the foundations of many
      generations; and thou shalt be called, The repairer of the
      breach, The restorer of paths to dwell in.

      (n) Signifying that of the Jews would come such as would
          build again the ruins of Jerusalem and Judea: but
          chiefly this is meant of the spiritual Jerusalem,
          whose builders were the Apostles.

Isa 58:13
58:13 If thou shalt {o} turn away thy foot from the sabbath,
      [from] doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the
      sabbath a delight, the holy of the LORD, honourable; and
      shalt honour him, not doing thy own ways, nor finding thy
      own pleasure, nor speaking [thy own] words:

      (o) If you refrain yourself from your wicked works.