Isa 43:1
43:1 But now thus saith the LORD {a} that created thee, O Jacob,
     and he that formed thee, O Israel, {b} Fear not: for I have
     redeemed thee, I have called [thee] by thy name; thou [art]

     (a) After these threatenings he promises deliverance to his
         Church, because he has regenerated them, adopted them,
         and called them.
     (b) When you see dangers and conspiracies on all sides,
         remember this benefit and the love of your God, and it
         will encourage you.

Isa 43:2
43:2 When thou passest through the {c} waters, I [will be] with
     thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee:
     when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be
     burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee.

     (c) By water and fire he means all kinds of trouble and

Isa 43:3
43:3 For I [am] the LORD thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy
     Saviour: I gave {d} Egypt [for] thy ransom, Cush and Seba
     for thee.

     (d) I turned Sennacherib's power against these countries,
         and made them suffer the affliction which you would
         have done, and so were as the payment of our ransom,
         Isa 37:9.

Isa 43:4
43:4 Since thou hast been precious in my sight, thou hast been
     honourable, and I have loved thee: therefore will I give
     {e} men for thee, and people for thy life.

     (e) I will not spare any man, rather than you should
         perish, for God values one of his faithful more than
         all the wicked in the world.

Isa 43:5
43:5 Fear not: for I [am] with thee: I will bring thy seed from
     the {f} east, and gather thee from the west;

     (f) He prophecies of their deliverance from the captivity
         of Babylon, and so of the calling of the universal
         Church, alluding to that which is written in
         De 30:3.

Isa 43:7
43:7 [Even] every one that is called by my {g} name: for I have
     created him for my glory, I have formed him; verily, I have
     made him.

     (g) Meaning that he could not be unmindful of them, unless
         he would neglect his own Name and glory.

Isa 43:9
43:9 Let all the nations be gathered {h} together, and let the
     people be assembled: who among them can declare this, and
     show us former things?  let them bring forth their {i}
     witnesses, that they may be justified: or let them {k}
     hear, and say, [It is] truth.

     (h) Signifying that no power can resist him in doing this
         miraculous work, nor are all their idols able to do the
         same, as in Isa 41:22.
     (i) To prove that the things which are spoken of them are
     (k) Showing that the malice of the wicked hinders them in
         the knowledge of the truth, because they will not hear
         when God speaks by his word.

Isa 43:10
43:10 Ye {l} [are] my witnesses, saith the LORD, and my {m}
      servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe
      me, and understand that I [am] he: before me there was no
      god formed, neither shall there be after me.

      (l) The prophets and people to whom I have given my law.
      (m) Meaning especially Christ, and by him all the

Isa 43:14
43:14 Thus saith the LORD, your redeemer, the Holy One of
      Israel; For your sake I have sent to Babylon, and have {n}
      brought down all their nobles, and the Chaldeans, whose
      cry [is] in {o} the ships.

      (n) By Darius and Cyrus.
      (o) They will cry when they would escape by my water,
          seeing that the course of the Euphrates is turned
          another way by the enemy.

Isa 43:16
43:16 Thus saith the LORD, who maketh a way in {p} the sea, and
      a path in the mighty {q} waters;

      (p) When he delivered Israel from Pharaoh, Ex 14:22.
      (q) When the Israelites passed through Jordan,
          Jos 3:17.

Isa 43:17
43:17 Who bringeth {r} forth the {s} chariot and horse, the army
      and the power; they shall lie down together, they shall
      not rise: they are extinct, they are quenched as a wick.

      (r) When he delivered his people out of Egypt.
      (s) Pharaoh and his mighty army.

Isa 43:19
43:19 Behold, I will do a new thing; now it shall spring forth;
      shall ye not know it? I will even make a way in the
      {t} wilderness, [and] rivers in the desert.

      (t) Meaning, that their deliverance out of Babylon would
          be more famous than that from Egypt was,
          Jer 23:7, Hag 2:10, 2Co 5:17, Re 21:5,7.

Isa 43:20
43:20 The {u} beast of the field shall honour me, the dragons
      and the owls: because I give waters in the wilderness,
      [and] rivers in the desert, to give drink to my people, my

      (u) They will have such abundance of all things as they
          return home, even in the dry and barren places, that
          the very beasts will feel my blessings and will
          acknowledge them: much more men ought to be thankful
          for the same.

Isa 43:22
43:22 But thou hast not {x} called upon me, O Jacob; but thou
      hast been {y} weary of me, O Israel.

      (x) You have not worshipped me as you ought to have done.
      (y) Because you have not willingly received that which I
          commanded you, you grieved me. By which he shows that
          his mercies were the only reason for their
          deliverance, as they had deserved the contrary.

Isa 43:23
43:23 Thou {z} hast not brought me the small cattle of thy burnt
      offerings; neither hast thou honoured me with thy
      sacrifices. I have not caused thee to serve with an
      offering, nor wearied thee with incense.

      (z) Meaning, in true faith and obedience.

Isa 43:24
43:24 Thou hast bought me no sweet {a} cane with money, neither
      hast thou filled me with the fat of thy sacrifices: but
      thou hast {b} burdened me with thy sins, thou hast wearied
      me with thy iniquities.

      (a) Either for the composition of the sweet ointment
          Ex 30:34, or for the sweet incense Ex 30:34.

Isa 43:26
43:26 Put me in {c} remembrance: let us plead together: declare
      thou, that thou mayest be justified.

      (c) If I forget anything that may make for your
          justification, put me in remembrance and speak for

Isa 43:27
43:27 Thy {d} first father hath sinned, and thy {e} teachers
      have transgressed against me.

      (d) Your ancestors.
      (e) Your priests and your prophets.

Isa 43:28
43:28 Therefore I have {f} profaned the princes of the
      sanctuary, and have given Jacob to the curse, and Israel
      to reproaches.

      (f) That is, rejected, abhorred, and destroyed them in the
          wilderness and at other times.