2Sa 11:1
11:1 And it came to pass, after the year was {a} expired, at the
     time when kings go forth [to battle], that David sent Joab,
     and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they
     destroyed the children of Ammon, and besieged Rabbah. But
     David tarried still at Jerusalem.

     (a) The year following about the spring time.

2Sa 11:2
11:2 And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose
     from off his {b} bed, and walked upon the roof of the
     king's house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing
     herself; and the woman [was] very beautiful to look upon.

     (b) Upon which he used to rest in the afternoon, as was
         read of Ishbosheth in 2Sa 4:7.

2Sa 11:3
11:3 And David sent and enquired after the woman. And [one]
     said, [Is] not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the
     wife of Uriah the {c} Hittite?

     (c) Who was not an born an Israelite, but converted to the
         true religion.

2Sa 11:5
11:5 And the woman conceived, and sent and {d} told David, and
     said, I [am] with child.

     (d) Fearing lest she be stoned according to the law.

2Sa 11:8
11:8 And David said to Uriah, {e} Go down to thy house, and wash
     thy feet.  And Uriah departed out of the king's house, and
     there followed him a mess [of meat] from the king.

     (e) David thought that if Uriah lay with his wife, his sin
         might be covered.

2Sa 11:11
11:11 And Uriah said unto David, {f} The ark, and Israel, and
      Judah, abide in tents; and my lord Joab, and the servants
      of my lord, are encamped in the open fields; shall I then
      go into mine house, to eat and to drink, and to lie with
      my wife? [as] thou livest, and [as] thy soul liveth, I
      will not do this thing.

      (f) By this God would touch David's conscience, for seeing
          the fidelity and religion of his servant, he would
          declare himself forgetful of God, and injurious to his

2Sa 11:13
11:13 And when David had called him, he did eat and drink before
      him; and he made him {g} drunk: and at even he went out to
      lie on his bed with the servants of his lord, but went not
      down to his house.

      (g) He made him drink more liberally than he was wont to
          do, thinking by this he would have slept with his

2Sa 11:15
11:15 And he wrote in the letter, saying, {h} Set ye Uriah in
      the forefront of the hottest battle, and retire ye from
      him, that he may be smitten, and die.

      (h) Except God continually uphold us with his mighty
          Spirit, the most perfect fall headlong into all vice
          and abomination.

2Sa 11:21
11:21 Who smote Abimelech the son of {i} Jerubbesheth?  did not
      a woman cast a piece of a millstone upon him from the
      wall, that he died in Thebez? why went ye nigh the wall?
      then say thou, Thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.

      (i) Meaning Gideon, Jud 9:52,53.

2Sa 11:25
11:25 Then David said unto the messenger, {k} Thus shalt thou
      say unto Joab, Let not this thing displease thee, for the
      sword devoureth one as well as another: make thy battle
      more strong against the city, and overthrow it: and
      encourage thou him.

      (k) He conceals the truth from the messenger, so that
          neither his cruel commandment, nor Joab's wicked
          obedience would be discovered.