2Co 5:1
5:1 For {1} we know that if our earthly house of [this]
    tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, an
    house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.

 (1) Taking occasion by the former comparison, he compares this
     miserable body as it is in this life, to a frail and
     brittle tabernacle.  And contrasts this with the heavenly
     tabernacle, which he calls that sure and everlasting
     condition of this same body glorified in heaven.  And this
     is so, he says, in that we are addicted to this tabernacle,
     but also with sobs and sighs desire rather that tabernacle.
     And so this place concerning the glory to come is put
     within the treatise of the dignity of the ministry, just as
     it also was in the beginning of the second chapter.

2Co 5:2
5:2 For in this we groan, earnestly desiring to be {a} clothed
    upon with our house which is from {b} heaven:

    (a) He calls the glory of immortality, which we will be as
        it were clothed with, a garment.
    (b) Heavenly, not that the substance of it is heavenly, but
        rather the glory of it.

2Co 5:3
5:3 {2} If so be that being clothed we shall not be found naked.

 (2) An exposition of the former saying: we do not without
     reason desire to be clad with the heavenly house, that is,
     with that everlasting and immortal glory, as with a garment.
     For when we depart from here we will not remain naked,
     having cast off the covering of this body, but we will take
     our bodies again, which will put on as it were another
     garment besides.  And therefore we do not sigh because of
     the weariness of this life, but because of the desire of a
     better life.  Neither is this desire in vain, for we are
     made to that life, the pledge of which we have, even the
     Spirit of adoption.

2Co 5:5
5:5 Now he that hath {c} wrought us for the selfsame thing [is]
    God, who also hath given unto us the earnest of the Spirit.

    (c) He means that first creation, to show us that our bodies
        were made to this end, that they should be clothed with
        heavenly immortality.

2Co 5:6
5:6 {3} Therefore [we are] always {d} confident, knowing that,
    whilst we are at home in the body, we are absent from the

 (3) He concludes something here from verse four, and states it
     in the following way: "Therefore, seeing that we know by
     the Spirit that we are strangers so long as we are here, we
     patiently suffer this delay (for we are now so with God,
     that we behold him only by faith, and are therefore now
     absent from him) but so that we aspire and have a longing
     always to him.  Therefore also we behave ourselves in such
     a way that we may be acceptable to him, both while we live
     here, and when we go from here to him." 2Co 5:4
     (d) He calls them "confident" who are always resolved with a
         quiet and settled mind to suffer any danger at all, not
         doubting at all that their end will be happy.

2Co 5:7
5:7 (For we walk by {e} faith, not by sight:)

    (e) Faith, of those things which we hope for, not having God
        presently in our physical view.

2Co 5:8
5:8 We are {f} confident, [I say], and willing rather to be
    absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord.

    (f) And yet we are in such a manner confident and do so pass
        on our pilgrimage with a valiant and peaceful mind, that
        yet nonetheless we had rather depart from here to the

2Co 5:9
5:9 Wherefore we {g} labour, that, whether present or absent, we
    may be accepted of him.

    (g) And seeing that it is so, we strive to live so, that
        both in this our pilgrimage here we may please him, and
        that at length we may be received home to him.

2Co 5:10
5:10 {4} For we must all {h} appear before the judgment seat of
     Christ; that every one may receive the things [done] in
     [his] body, according to that he hath done, whether [it be]
     good or bad.

 (4) That no man might think that what he spoke of that heavenly
     glory pertains to all, he adds that every one will first
     render an account of his pilgrimage, after he has departed
     from here.
     (h) We must all appear personally, and enquiry will be made
         of us, that all may see how we have lived.

2Co 5:11
5:11 {5} Knowing therefore the {i} terror of the Lord, we
     persuade men; but we are made manifest unto God; and I
     trust also are made manifest in your consciences.

 (5) Now he moves on, and taking occasion of the former sentence
     returns to 2Co 4:16, confirming his own and
     his associates sincerity.
     (i) That terrible judgment.

2Co 5:12
5:12 {6} For we commend not ourselves again unto you, but give
     you occasion to glory on our behalf, that ye may have
     somewhat to [answer] them which glory in {k} appearance,
     and not in heart.

 (6) He removes all suspicion of pride by a new reason, because
     it is a responsibility, not for his part but for theirs,
     that his apostleship be considered sincere compared to the
     vain display of a few others.
     (k) In outward disguising, and that pretentious show of
         man's wisdom and eloquence, and not in true godliness,
         which is sealed in the heart.

2Co 5:13
5:13 {7} For whether we be beside ourselves, [it is] to God: or
     whether we be sober, [it is] for your cause.

 (7) The meaning is: even when I am mad (as some men think of
     me), while I seem as a fool to boast about myself, I do it
     for your profit, to the same extent that I do when I preach
     only the Gospel to you.

2Co 5:14
5:14 {8} For the love of Christ {l} constraineth us; because we
     thus judge, that if {m} one died for all, then were all

 (8) He continues dismissing all suspicion of desire of
     estimation and boasting.  For the love of Christ, he says,
     compels us to this, that seeing he died for us all, who
     were dead when as we lived to ourselves (that is, while we
     were yet given to these earthly affections) we in like sort
     should consecrate our whole life which we have received
     from him, to him.  That is, being endued with the Holy
     Spirit to this end and purpose, that we should meditate
     upon nothing but that which is heavenly.
     (l) Wholly possesses us.
     (m) He speaks here of sanctification, by which it comes to
         pass that Christ lives in us.

2Co 5:15
5:15 And [that] he died for all, that they which live should not
     henceforth {n} live unto themselves, but unto him which
     died for them, and rose again.

     (n) See \\Ro 6:1-7:25\\

2Co 5:16
5:16 {9} Wherefore henceforth know we no man after the flesh:
     {10} yea, though we have known Christ after the flesh, yet
     now henceforth know we [him] no more.

  (9) He shows what it is not to live to ourselves but to
      Christ, that is, to know no man according to the flesh.
      That is to say, to be conversant among men and yet not
      to care for those worldly and carnal things, as those do
      who have regard for a man's family, his country, form,
      glory, riches, and such like, in which men commonly dote
      and weary themselves.
 (10) An amplification: "This is", he says, "so true, that we do
      not now think carnally of Christ himself, who has now left
      the world, and therefore he must be thought of spiritually
      by us."

2Co 5:17
5:17 {11} Therefore if any man [be] in Christ, [he is] a {o} new
     creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things
     are become new.

 (11) An exhortation for every man who is renewed with the
      Spirit of Christ to meditate on heavenly things, and not
      (o) As a thing made new by God, for though a man is not
          newly created when God gives him the spirit of
          regeneration, but only his qualities are changed, yet
          nonetheless it pleased the Holy Spirit to speak so, to
          teach us that we must attribute all things to the
          glory of God.  Not that we are as rocks or stones, but
          because God creates in us both the will to will
          well, and the power to do well.

2Co 5:18
5:18 {12} And all things [are] of God, who hath reconciled us to
     himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry
     of reconciliation;

 (12) He commends the excellency of the ministry of the Gospel,
      both by the authority of God himself, who is the author
      of that ministry, and also by the excellency of the
      doctrine of it.  For it announces atonement with God by
      free forgiveness of our sins, and justification offered to
      us in Christ, and that so lovingly and freely, that God
      himself does in a way beseech men by the mouth of his
      ministers to have consideration of themselves, and not to
      despise so great a benefit.  And when he says so, he
      plainly reprehends those who falsely attribute to
      themselves the name of "pastor", as this calling can only
      come from God.

2Co 5:19
5:19 To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto
     himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath
     {p} committed unto us the word of reconciliation.

     (p) Used our labour and travail.

2Co 5:21
5:21 For he hath made him [to be] {q} sin for us, who {r} knew
     no sin; that we might be made the {s} righteousness of God
     in him.

     (q) A sinner, not in himself, but by imputation of the
         guilt of all our sins to him.
     (r) Who was completely void of sin.
     (s) Righteous before God, and that with righteousness which
         is not fundamental in us, but being fundamental in
         Christ, God imputes it to us through faith.