1Ti 1:1
1:1 Paul, {1} an apostle of Jesus Christ by the commandment of
    God our Saviour, and Lord Jesus Christ, [which is] our hope;

 (1) First of all, he affirms his own free vocation and also
     Timothy's, that the one might be confirmed by the other:
     and in addition he declares the sum of the apostolic
     doctrine, that is, the mercy of God in Christ Jesus
     apprehended by faith, the end of which is yet hoped for.

1Ti 1:2
1:2 Unto Timothy, [my] own son in the faith: Grace, {a} mercy,
    [and] peace, from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord.

    (a) There is as much difference between mercy and grace, as
        is between the effect and the cause: for grace is that
        free good will of God, by which he chose us in Christ,
        and mercy is that free justification which follows it.

1Ti 1:3
1:3 {2} As I besought thee to abide still at Ephesus, when I
    went into Macedonia, that thou mightest charge some that
    they teach no other doctrine,

 (2) This whole epistle consists in admonitions, in which all
     the duties of a faithful pastor are plainly set out.  And
     the first admonition is this, that no innovation is made
     either in the apostle's doctrine itself, or in the manner
     of teaching it.

1Ti 1:4
1:4 {3} Neither give heed to fables and endless {b} genealogies,
    which minister questions, rather than godly edifying which
    is in faith: [so do].

 (3) The doctrine is corrupted not only by false opinions, but
     also by vain and curious speculations: the declaration and
     utterance of which can help our faith in no way.
     (b) He makes note of one type of vain question.

1Ti 1:5
1:5 {4} Now the end of the {c} commandment is {d} charity out of
    a pure heart, and [of] a good conscience, and [of] faith

 (4) The second admonition is, that the right use and practice
     of the doctrine must be joined with the doctrine.  And that
     consists in pure charity, and a good conscience, and true
     (c) Of the Law.
     (d) There is neither love without a good conscience, nor a
         good conscience without faith, nor faith without the
         word of God.

1Ti 1:6
1:6 {5} From which some having swerved have turned aside unto
    vain jangling;

 (5) That which he spoke before generally of vain and curious
     controversies, he applies to those who, pretending a zeal
     of the Law, dwelled upon outward things, and never made an
     end of babbling of foolish trifles.

1Ti 1:7
1:7 {6} Desiring to be teachers of the law; understanding
    neither what they say, nor whereof they affirm.

 (6) There are none more unlearned, and more impudent in
     usurping the name of holiness, than foolish babblers, who
     reason fallaciously.

1Ti 1:8
1:8 {7} But we know that the law [is] good, if a man use it

 (7) The taking away of an objection: he does not condemn the
     Law, but requires the right use and practice of it.

1Ti 1:9
1:9 {8} Knowing this, that the law is not made for a {e}
    righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for the
    ungodly and for {f} sinners, for unholy and profane, for
    murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for

 (8) He indeed escapes the curse of the Law, and therefore does
     not abhor it, who fleeing and avoiding those things which
     the Law condemns, gives himself with all his heart to
     observe it: and he does not make a vain babbling of outward
     and curious matters.
     (e) And such a one is he, whom the Lord has endued with
         true doctrine, and with the Holy Spirit.
     (f) To those who make an art, as it were, of sinning.

1Ti 1:11
1:11 {9} According to the glorious gospel of the blessed God,
     {10} which was committed to my trust.

  (9) He contrasts fond and vain babbling with, not only the Law,
      but the Gospel also, which does not condemn, but greatly
      commends the wholesome doctrine contained in the
      commandments of God.  And therefore he calls it a glorious
      Gospel, and the Gospel of the blessed God, the power of
      which these babblers did not know.
 (10) A reason why neither any other Gospel is to be taught than
      he has taught in the Church, neither after any other way,
      because there is no other Gospel besides that which God
      committed to him.

1Ti 1:12
1:12 {11} And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who hath {g}
     enabled me, for that he counted me faithful, putting me
     into the ministry;

 (11) He maintains of necessity his apostleship against some
      that did find fault with his former life, debasing himself
      even to hell, to advance only Christ's only, with which he
      abolished all those his former doings.
      (g) Who gave me strength, not only when I had no will to
          do well, but also when I was wholly given to evil.

1Ti 1:13
1:13 Who was before a {h} blasphemer, and a persecutor, and
     injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did [it]
     ignorantly in unbelief.

     (h) These are the meritorious works which Paul brags of.

1Ti 1:14
1:14 And the grace of our Lord was exceeding abundant {12} with
     faith and love which is in Christ Jesus.

 (12) He proves this change by the effects, because he who was a
      profane man, has become a believer: and he that did most
      outrageously persecute Christ, burns now in love towards

1Ti 1:15
1:15 {13} This [is] a {i} faithful saying, and worthy of all
     acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save
     sinners; of whom I am chief.

 (13) He turns the reproach of the adversaries upon their own
      head, showing that this singular example of the goodness
      of God, contributes greatly to the benefit of the whole
      (i) Worthy to be believed.

1Ti 1:17
1:17 {14} Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the
     {k} only wise God, [be] honour and glory for ever and ever.

 (14) He breaks out into an exclamation, even because of the
      very zeal of his mind, because he cannot satisfy himself
      in amplifying the grace of God.
      (k) \\See Geneva "Joh 17:3"\\

1Ti 1:18
1:18 {15} This charge I commit unto thee, son Timothy, according
     to the prophecies which went before on thee, that thou by
     {l} them mightest war a good warfare;

 (15) The conclusion of both the former fatherly admonitions,
      that is, that Timothy striving bravely against all stops,
      being called to the ministry according to many prophecies
      which went before of him, should both maintain the
      doctrine which he had received, and keep also a good
      (l) By the help of them.

1Ti 1:19
1:19 Holding {m} faith, and a good conscience; {16} which some
     having put away concerning faith have made shipwreck:

     (m) Wholesome and sound doctrine.
 (16) Whoever does not keep a good conscience, loses also by
      little and little, the gift of understanding.  And this he
      proves by two most lamentable examples.

1Ti 1:20
1:20 Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; {17} whom I have {n}
     delivered unto Satan, that they may {o} learn not to

 (17) Those who fall from God, and his religion, are not to be
      endured in the Church, but rather ought to be
      (n) Cast out of the Church, and so delivered them to
      (o) That by their pain they might learn how serious it is to