In the field of politics also Joachim attempted to play the rôle of arbitrator between the two parties. At the Colloquy of Worms (q.v.) in 1540-41 his representatives sat with the "submissive" as opposed to the "protesting" deputies, and he based much hope upon the plan here secretly formulated for another conference at Regensburg where it was hoped that the reunion of the parties might be achieved. Luther, to whom the project was submitted, rejected its terms as unsatisfactory both to the Roman Church and to the Protestants, but Joachim did not abandon his activity, and when the emperor contemplated the despatch of a special mission to Luther he offered himself for the service. Before the outbreak of the Schmalkald War (1546) he attempted to mediate between the leaders of the League and the emperor, but, failing, sent a force of cavalry in the following year to the aid of Maurice of Saxony in return for the elevation of his second son Frederick to the post of coadjutor bishop of Magdeburg and Halberstadt. He pledged himself to abide by the decisions of the council to be assembled at Trent and obtained the same concessions in the religious sphere that had been granted to Maurice of Saxony. He was active in advocating the adoption of the Augsburg Interim (see AGRICOLA, JOHANN; INTERIM, 2). From this time his political importance declines; his subsequent efforts were directed toward dynastic aggrandizement, and with this ambition he permitted his son Sigismund to accept the archbishopric of Magdeburg and the see of Halberstadt on the condition of complete submission to the pope. It was only political interests, however, that prevented the complete introduction of the Protestant confession in his dominions, an event which followed the death of Joachim and the succession of his son John George.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Besides the literature given under JOACHIM I., consult: A. Hartung, Joachim II. und sein Sohn Johann Georg, Berlin, 1798; F. Meine, Die vermittelnde Stellung Joachims II. . . . zu den politischen und religiösen Parteien seiner Zeit, Lüneburg, 1898; articles in the Forschungen zur brandenburgischen und preussischen Geschichte, ii (1889), 395 sqq., and vii (1894), 181 sqq., by F. Holtze, and vi (1893), 529 sqq., by H. Landwehr; and new articles of importance by N. Müller in Jahrbuch für brandenburgische Geschichte, 1904 sqq.
Calvin College. Last modified on 10/03/03. Contact the CCEL.