JACOB, EDGAR: Church of England bishop of St. Albans; b. at Crawley Rectory, near Winchester, Nov. 16, 1844. He was educated at New College, Oxford (B.A., 1868), and was ordered deacon in 1868 and ordained priest in the following year. He was curate of Taynton, Oxfordshire (1868-69), Witney (1869-71), and St. James', Bermondsey (1871-72), domestic chaplain to the bishop of Calcutta (1872-76), and commissary to the same prelate (1876-88). In 1877 he had charge of Wilberforce Memorial Mission, South London, and was vicar of Portsea (1878-96). In 1896 he was consecrated bishop of Newcastle, and in 1903 was translated to his present see of St. Albans. He was also examining chaplain to the bishop of Winchester in 1876-79, honorary canon of Winchester in 1884-1896, honorary chaplain to the Queen in 1887-90 and chaplain in ordinary in 1890-96, rural dean of Landport and chaplain of the Portsmouth prison in 1892-96, and select preacher at Oxford in the same year. He has written The Divine Society: or, The Church's Care of Large Populations (Cambridge lectures on pastoral theology; London, 1900).
JACOBI, ya-ko'bî, FRIEDRICH HEINRICH: German philosopher; b. at Dusseldorf Jan. 25, 1743; d. at Munich Mar. 10, 1819. He studied at Frankfort and Geneva, and in 1764 became the head of his father's business in Düsseldorf. After his appointment to the council for the duchies of Jülich and Berg in 1772 he devoted himself entirely to literature and philosophy. His house at Pempelfort, near Düsseldorf, became the meeting-place of distinguished literary men. Among his more intimate friends were Wieland, Hamann, Herder, Lessing, and Goethe. On account of the political agitation of the time he went to Holstein in 1794. During the next ten years he resided chiefly at Wandsbeck, Hamburg, and Eutin. In 1804 he accepted a call to Munich in connection with the proposed Academy of Sciences there. He was president of the academy from its opening in 1807 till 1812. His
BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. A. Schmid, Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, Eine Darstellung seiner Persönlichkeit und seiner Philosophie als Beitrag zu einer Geschichte des modernen Weltproblems, Heidelberg, 1908; F. H. Jacobi nach seinem Leben, Lehren und Wirken, ed. Schlichtigroll, Weiller and Thiersch. Munich, 1819; J. Kuhn, Jacobi und die Philosophie seiner Zeit, Mainz, 1834; F. Deycks, F. H. Jacobi im Verhältniss zu seinen Zeitgenossen, Frankfort, 1849; F. D. Maurice, Modern Philosophy, pp, 644-651, London, 1862; E. Zirngiebl, F. H. Jacobi's Leben, Dichten und Denken, Vienna, 1867; L. Lévy-Bruhl, La Philosophie de Jacobi, Paris, 1894; N. Wilde, F. H. Jacobi: a Study in the Origin of German Realism, New York, 1894. Consult also J. E. Erdmann, Geschichte der Philosophie, 2 vols., Berlin, 1895-1896, Eng, transl., 3 vols., London, 1892-98.
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