GIBSON, JOHN MONRO: English Presbyterian; b. at Whithorn (9 m. s. of Wigtown), Gallowayshire, Scotland, Apr. 24, 1838. He studied at the University of Toronto (B.A., 1862) and Knox College, Toronto, from which he was graduated in 1864. He was classical tutor in Knox College 1864 and pastor of Erskine Church, Montreal, 1864-74, as well as lecturer in Old and New Testament exegesis in the Presbyterian College, Montreal, 1868-74. He was then pastor of the Second Presbyterian Church, Chicago, 1874--80, and since 1880 has been pastor of St. John's Wood Presbyterian Church, London. He was moderator of the Synod of the Presbyterian Church of England in 1891 and president of the National Council of Evangelical Free Churches in England and Wales in 1898, of which he was also honorary secretary 1898-1905. He is an honorary secretary of the Religious Tract Society, and in theology is a liberal Evangelical, although he holds firmly to the cardinal truths of Christianity. He has written Ages before Moses (New York, 1879); The Foundations (lectures on the evidences of Christianity; Chicago, 1880); The Mosaic Era (London, 1881); Rock versus Sand (1883); Pomegranates from an English Garden (New York, 1885); Christianity according to Christ (London, 1888); The Gospel according to St. Matthew in The Expositor's Bible (1890); Acts in People's Bible History (1895); Unity and Symmetry of the Bible (1896); From Fact to Faith (1898); A Strong City and Other Sermons (1899); The Glory of Life (1900); Apocalyptic Sketches (1901); Protestant Principles (1901); and The Devotional Study of Holy Scripture (1905).
GIBSON, MARGARET DUNLOP: English Orientalist; b. at Irvine (22 m. s.w. of Glasgow), Ayrshire, Scotland. She was the daughter of John Smith, solicitor, Irvine, Ayrshire, was educated at private schools and by university tutors, and in 1883 married Rev. James Young Gibson, who died three years later. She has visited Sinai five times, and in company with her sister, Mrs. Agnes Smith Lewis, has made important discoveries of Arabic and Syriac manuscripts of the Bible, among them the justly celebrated and important Sinaitic Syriac codex of the Gospels, upon which both have done excellent work. A rigid Presbyterian and very decidedly Protestant, she and her sister gave the site for Westminster Theological College, Cambridge, and laid its corner-stone in 1897. She has edited An Arabic Version of St. Paul's Epistles to the Romans, Corinthians, Galatians, and Ephesians (London, 1894); Apocrypha Sinaitica (1896); An Arabic Version of the Acts of the Apostles and the Seven Catholic Epistles (1899); The Palestinian Syriac Lectionary of the Gospels (in collaboration with Mrs. Lewis, 1899); Apocrypha Arabica (1901); and The Didascalia Apostolorum (Syriac text and translation; 2 vols., 1903); and has written, in addition to a number of tracts, Catalogue of the Arabic Manuscripts in the ~Conmnt of St. Catharine on Mount Sinai (London, 1894).
Calvin College. Last modified on 08/11/06. Contact the CCEL.