BackContentsNext

FREYLINGHAUSEN, frilling-hau"zen, JOHANN ANASTASIUS: Pietist leader and hymnTwriter; b. at Gandersheim (36 m. s.w. of Brunswick) Dec. 2, 1670; d. at Halle Feb. 12, 1739. His father was a merchant and Burgermeister of Gandersheim. He attended the school in Eimbeck, living there with his grandfather, the councilor Dietrich Freylinghausen, and studied theology at Jena, Erfurt, and Halle. In Halle he assisted Francke as well in his sermons and parochial duties as in the establishment of his well-known institutions (see Francke, August Hermann). When Francke, in 1715, was called as pastor to the church of St. Ulrich, Freylinghausen became his assistant and married his only daughter. Assistant superintendent of the Paedagogium and of the orphan asylum from 1723, he became, after Francke's death, and in association with the latter's son, superintendent of both institutions and also head pastor of St. Ulrich's. From 1728 he had several attacks of paralysis, but continued his labors to the end.

Freylinghausen is one of the most noteworthy of the group of gifted men who, deeply interested in the ideas of Spener, worked together zealously for their realization. Francke often called him his right hand. He is most widely known as a poet, and is distinguished among the poets of German Pietism oy his imagination and delicacy of taste. His hymns-forty-four are ascribed to him with certainty-are characterized by Scriptural phrases and conceptions, but never sink to the level of Biblical doggerel. His importance in the history of spiritual song, however, depends principally on the hymnals which he edited, in which many hymns from the circle of the Pietists first saw the light. The earliest of these hymnals appeared in 1704 and contained 683 hymns (2d ed., 1705, with seventy-five additional hymns); the second in 1714, containing 798 hymns and seventeen psalms for festal occasions (2d ed., 1719, with three additional hymns). A selention from both was pub-

lished in 1718; containing 1,050 hymns. A complete hymnal after Freylinghausen was brought out by Francke's son, Gotthilf August Francke, in 1741. In these hymnals, the personal devotion peculiar to Pietism appears for the first time to claim an equal place with the objectivity of the older hymns. The musical part was even more of a novelty than the poetical. The melodies, .sometimes composed by Freylinghausen himself, differ from the older, ones in their triple-time, in the tripping movement of the tune with the constant refrains, and in the flourishes with which the principal part is overcharged.

Freylinghausen was 'also prominent as a cats. chist. His Grundlegung der Theologie (Halle, 1703) was even used as a guide in academic lectures by Rambach, Baumgarten and others. That the simple and instructive style of Freylinghausen's preaching was fully appreciated appears from the fact that, at the request of the theological faculty of Halle, he delivered lectures to the students on homiletics, a branch of study which was first in cluded in the theological curriculum on the-initia tive of Halle.

Carl Bertheau.

Bibliography: : The hymns were edited by L. Grote in the second part of W. 6ehirek'e Geiatliche Sanper, Halle, 1855, and many were translated by Catherine Winkworth in Lyra Germanica, London, 1868. For the life consult: Ehrenpedochtnis Frevlinphausens, Halle, 1740; Nachrichten von den Charakler und der AmteffArung rechtechaf tener Prediper and Seelsorper, v. 188-198, ib. 1777; H. DSring, Die peMrten Theologen Deutschlande, i. 439-445, Neuetadt, 1835; J. L. Pasig, in Knapp's Christoterpe, 1852, pp. 211-262; A. Walter, Leban J. A. Freylinphouse=, Berlin, 1864; E. E. Koch, Geschichte des Kirchenlsedea, iv. 322-334, Stuttgart, 1868; ADB, vii. 370-371. On his hymn-books and the new melodies therein consult Koch, fit sup., iv. 300 sqq., v. 586 sqq.; G. D& ring, Choralkunde, 159 sqq. et passim, Dansig, 1865; J. Zahn, Die Afelodien der deutschen evangelieclun Kirchenlieder, vi. 573 sqq. et passim, G├╝tersloh, 1893; Julian, Hymnology, pp. 395-397.

BackContentsNext


CCEL home page
This document is from the Christian Classics Ethereal Library at
Calvin College. Last modified on 08/11/06. Contact the CCEL.
Calvin seal: My heart I offer you O Lord, promptly and sincerely