FERRARI, ANDREAS: Cardinal; b. at Pratopiano, diocese of Parma, Italy, Aug. 13, 1850. He was appointed in 1885 professor of dogmatic theology and rector of the Great Seminary of Parma.


Later becoming vicar-general of Parma, he was consecrated bishop of Guastalla in 1890, whence he was translated to Como in the following year. In 1894 he was enthroned archbishop of Milan, and in the same year was created cardinal priest of Sant'Anastasia. He is a member Of the congregations of Bishops and Regulars, Indulgences, and the Index.

FERRATA, DOMENICO: Cardinal; b. at Gradoli, diocese of Montefiascone (50 m. n.w. of Rome), Italy, Mar. 4, 1847. He studied at the Jesuit colleges at Orvieto and Montefiascone, and at the University of Rome. He was then professor of canon law at the Roman Seminary and also professor of church history, exegesis, dogmatic theology, and the institutes of ecclesiastical law at the Propaganda. In 1877 he became a member of the Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, and in 1879 was appointed auditor of the papal nuncio at Paris. After his return to Italy, he was made undersecretary of his Congregation and domestic prelate to the pope, and in 1884 he was president of the Pontificia Accademia dei Nobili Ecclesiastici. In 1885 he was preconized titular archbishop of Thessalonica and sent to Belgium as papal nuncio. On his return, he became secretary of his congregation, and in 1891 was nuncio at Paris. He was created cardinal priest of Santa Prisca in 1896. He is a member of the Congregations of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, the Council, Rites, the Inquisition, Studies, Indulgences, and Loreto, besides being a commissioner for the reunion of dissenting churches and for the apostolic visitation of the dioceses of Italy.

FERRER, VINCENTE. See Vincent Ferrer, Saint.

FERRIER, far"ry6', JEREMIE: French Protestant; b. at Nimes c. 1560; d. in Paris Sept. 26, 1626. He was pastor of the Protestant congregation at Alais, afterward at Nimes, and in 1601 was appointed professor of theology at the academy at Nimes. On the occasion of his inauguration he defended publicly the thesis that Pope Clement VIII. was the Antichrist, and later he won a great reputation by his sermons against the Jesuits. Nevertheless, some doubt of his sincerity arose in 1611; and in 1612, suspected of having sold out to the Romanists, he was suspended for six years by the Synod of Privas. So strong was the feeling against him that in the rioting which followed, Ferrier barely escaped with his life. In 161'4 he went to Paris, abjured Protestantism, and subsequently became a counselor of state under Louis XIII. He published De l'AnteeArist et de ses marqum, contre les calomnies des ennemis de l'6glise catholique (Paris, 1615), in which he retracted his former anti-Romanist utterances; and Le Catholique d'Otat (1625), a defense of Richelieu's policy.

Bibliography: L. Mdnard, Hist. . de Nimes, Vol. v., 7 vols., Paris, 175o--58; A. Bowel, Hist. de Nglise r6form6e de Niarnes, Ntmes, 1856; E. and it. Haag, La France yrote-tame, ed. H. L. Bordier, Paris, 1577-E6; Liehtenberger, EBR, iv. 712-716.


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