FORBES, PATRICK: Bishop of Aberdeen; b. probably at Come (30 m. n.w. of Aberdeen), 1584; d. at Aberdeen Mar. 28, 1835. He studied at the universities of Glasgow and St. Andrews under his kinsman Andrew Melville (q.v.). In deference to his father's wishes, he declined a professorship in theology, and did not take orders till 1612, though for years he had been preaching privately at Cores. Prior to his ordination he had begun to hold services in the parish church, but these public ministrations were stopped by royal order. He held the pastoral charge of Keith 1612-18. In 1618 he took a prominent part in the General Assembly, and was placed upon a commission to revise the confession of faith, liturgy, and rules of discipline. In 1818 he was appointed bishop of Aberdeen. He was conspicuously successful is the administration of his diocese, did much to put down existing feuds, and raised the University of Aberdeen to a condition of prosperity. His principal work is An Ezquisite Commentary upon the Revelation of St. John (London, 1613; Middelburg, 1614; Lat. transl., Amsterdam, 1648), which is directed against Romanisn.

Bibliography: Funeral of Patrick Forbes .... consisting of , Orations, Epitaphs, and other. Pisces on the Death of the Rood BHP. Aberdeen. 1635, reprinted by C. F. Shand for the Spottiewoode Society, Edinburgh, 1845; DNB, uZ. 407-409.

FORBES, WILLIAM: Bishop of Edinburgh; b. at Aberdeen 1585; d. there Apr. 12, 1834. He studied at Marischal College (M.A.,, 1801), where he held the chair of logic for several years. He

traveled on the Continent 1808-11, visiting several Dutch and German universities and making the acquaintance of Scaliger, Grotius, and Vossius. Soon after his return to Britain-he entered the min-

istry, having declined a professorship in Hebrew at Oxford. In, 1616 he was appointed one of the ministers of Aberdeen, and at the assembly at Perth in 1818 he was chosen to defend the article enjoining kneeling at the communion. In 1621 he was chosen one of the ministers of Edinburgh, but, owing to the unwelcome reception which his Romanism encountered here, he was glad to return to his former charge at Aberdeen is 1826. In 1833 he preached at Holyrood before Charles L, who was so delighted with;the sermon that he made the preacher bishop of Edinburgh. Forbes wan consecrated in Feb., 1834. His only published work is the posthumous Conaideraxiones modeato? et pa-

d tificte corttroversiarxcm de justifications, purgatorio m invocations aanctorum Christo mediators et exicha-


ristia (London, 1858; HelmstAdt, 1704; Frankfort, 1707; new ed., with Eng. transl., 2 vols., Oxford, 1850-58, forming part of the Anglo-Catholic Library).

Bibliography: A Vita audoria is prefixed to the Con siderationes. Consult DNB, xix. 411-412.


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