FARLEY, JOHN MURPHY: Roman Catholic archbishop of New York- b. at Newton Hamilton, County Armagh, Ireland, Apr. 20, 1842. He was educated at St. Marcartan's College, Monaghan (1859-64), St. John's College, Fordham, N. Y. (1864-65), St. Joseph's Seminary, Troy, N. Y. (1865-66), and the American College, Rome (1866-

1870). He was ordained to the priesthood in Rome in 1870, and after being assistant rector of St. Peter's, New Brighton, Staten Island, in 1870-72 was private secretary to Archbishop McCloskey until 1884, when he was appointed private chamberlain to Pope Leo XIII. with the title of monsignore, and in 1891 became vicar-general of the archdiocese of New York. In 1892 he was made domestic prelate of the pope, and in 1895 was appointed

prothonotary apostolic and consecrated titular bishop of Zeugma and auxiliary bishop of New York. On the death of Archbishop Corrigan of New York in May, 1902, he was appointed administrator of the archdiocese, and five months later himself became archbishop.

FARMER, HUGH: Dissenting English minister

and theological writer; b. near Shrewsbury Jan. 20, 1714; d. at Walthamstow (7 m. n.n.e. of London), Essex, Feb. ,5, 1787. After studying five years (1731-36) in Philip Doddridge's academy in North-


ampton, he took charge of the congregation at Walthamstow in 1737, whose pastor he remained till 1780. In 1761 he removed to London, where he was afternoon preacher at Salter's Hall (1761-72) and also one of the preachers of the " merchants' lecture " on Tuesdays (1762-80). In 1762 he was elected a trustee of Dr. Williams' foundations and also a trustee of the Coward trust. His works, written in a vigorous style and characterized by more independence and freedom of thought than was usual in his day, exercised a decisive influence on current opinion. The principal ones are, An Inquiry into the Nature and Design of Christ's Temptation in the Wilderness (London, 1761; 5th ed., 1822), in which he contends that our Lord's temptation was merely subjective, a divine vision; A Dissertation, on Miracles (1771); An. Essay on the Demonises of the New Testament (1775), in which he maintains that demoniacs are only persons afflicted with certain diseases; and The General Prevalence of the Worship of Human Spirits in the Ancient Heathen Nations (1783).

Bibliography: M. Dodson, Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Hugh Farmer, London, 1804; A. Kippis, Biographia Britannica, v. 664-665, ib. 1793; S. Palmer, Nonconformists' Memorial, iii. 492-493, ib. 1803; DNB, xviii. 211-213.


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