FALKENBERG, JOHANNES: Dominican, professor of theology at Cracow; d. at Liegnitz (40 m. w.n.w. of Breslau), Silesia, after 1438. In the light of his writings thus far published and what has been published about him, he is noteworthy only on account of the accusation brought against him by the Polish delegation to the Council of Constance. Commissioned by the Teutonic Order, with which Poland was then waging a hot contest for its existence, he had written an impassioned tract against the Polish king, to the effect that as the king had supported infidels in warfare against believers, he was himself to be treated as an unbeliever. After Martin V. had occupied the "orphaned" see of St. Peter, . the Polish envoys succeeded by brutal proceedings, in bringing Falkenberg to trial. By the condemnation of Falkenberg, which was pronounced secretly as early as May 14, 1418, the pope secured, in Jan., 1424, the Polish support against a new council. Fadkenberg was then set free, and after still plying his envenomed pen against the Teutonic Order, which had not rewarded him to his satisfaction, he is supposed to have died on the way home.

B. Bess.

Bibliography: sources are certain of his tracts in Gersonai Opera, ad. Du Pin v. 1020-29, Antwerp, 1706; Monuments . . ree geatas Polonix illustrantia, viii (1883), no. 581, xii (1891), 113, 170-174. Consult B. Bees, in ZKG, xvi (1892), part 3.

FALK LAWS. See Ultramontanism.


FALLOWS, SAMUEL: Reformed Episcopal bishop; b. at Pendleton (a suburb of Manchester), Lancashire, England, Dec. 13, 1835. He emigrated to the United States at the age of thirteen and was graduated at the University of Wisconsin in 1859.

He was vice-president of Galesville University, Galesville, Wis., in 1859-61 and a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church from 1859 to 1875. He served in the Union army during the Civil War, and was promoted colonel and brevet brigadiergeneral. After the cessation of hostilities he was pastor of a Methodist church in Milwaukee. He was a regent of the University of Wisconsin 1866-1874 and state superintendent of public instruction


for Wisconsin 1870-74. In 1874-75 he' was presi dent of Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, Ill., but in 1875 withdrew from the Methodist Episcopal Church for the Reformed Episcopal denomination. Since 1875 he has been rector of St. Paul's Reformed Episcopal Church, Chicago, and has been a bishop of the Church since 1876. Iie has been elected presiding bishop seven times. In 1876 he founded the Reformed Episcopal Appeal, which he edited for four years. Among his writings mention may be made of Bright and Happy Homes (Chicago, 1877); The Home Beyond (1879); Past Noon (Cincinnati, O., 1886); The Bile Looking Glass (Naperville, Ill., 1898); Popular and Critical Biblical Dictionary (Chicago, 1901); and Christian Philosophy (1905.)


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