FAUSTINUS: Presbyter at Rome under Pope Liberius (352-366), prominent in the Luciferian agitation (see Lucifer of Calaris and the Luciferians). Conjointly with the otherwise unknown presbyter Marcellinus, he delivered to the emperor Theodosius at Constantinople in 383 or 384 a document (Libellus precum ad imperatores) entitled De confessions verse fidei et ostentatione sacrte communionis et persecutions adversantium veritatis (MPL, xiii. .83-107; CSEL, xxxv. 5-44), wherein he defended the Luciferians and entreated the emperor for protection against their adversaries. His deductions are largely overdrawn and partizan. The prtefatso to this memorial is not the work of Faustinus, but of an Ursinian (see Ursinus, Antipope). Another work by Faustinus is the unimportant tract, De trinitate sive fidei adversus Arianos (MPL, xiii. 37-80).
Bibliography: Gennadius, De vir. ill., chap. xvi.; Isidore
of Spain, De vir. ill., chap. xiv.; G. Krüger, Lucifer von
Calaris, pp. 62-63, 82-86, 94 sqq., Leipsic, 1886; G.Rauschen, Jahrbücher der chrdetlichen Kirche unter . . Theodosius, pp. 140, 199-200, Freiburg, 1897; DCB, ii. 466.
FAUSTUS OF MILEVE. See Manicheans, § 14.
FAUSTUS OF RIEZ (Lat. Reji; Faustus Rejenais):
Prominent representative of Semi-Pelagianism in the south of Gaul; b. between 405 and 410; d. toward the end of the fifth century. He was probably of British origin, according to the posi tive assertions of Avitus and Sidonius; against this there is nothing but the description of him as a Gaul by men at a distance like
Life. Possessor and Facundus. He re ceived a good philosophical education, and knew not a little of the Scriptures, but he was neither an original thinker nor a thorough theolo gian. At an early age he entered the monastery of L6rins (q.v.), then in a very flourishing state under Abbot Maximus, whom he succeeded in 433.
He kept his monks in strict discipline, and defended the interests of his monastery against the bishop of the diocese, Theodore of Frtjus, winning his case when it came before a synod held by the metro politan Ravennius (the Third Synod of Arles, probably in 456). He was subsequently chosen bishop of Riez (in Basses Alpes, 50 m. n.e. of Mar
seilles), not later than 46:?, in which year he appears in Rome as a bishop; the date of his election is probably between 458 and 460. He continued to distinguish himself by his ascetic life, and became known as a preacher. A synod was held at Arles c. 475 to deal with the case of Lucidus, a teacher of thoroughgoing predestinarianism, and another one soon after at Lyons. Acting at the request of these synods, Faustus succeeded in inducing Lucidus to sign a fairly complete retractation, and also wrote a large work De gratia in which be took a Semi-Pelagian position. He was also a prominent figure in the Christological and Pneumatological controversies of his day. In 474, with other bishops, be conducted negotiations in the emperor's name with Euric, king of the Visigoths, and later, probably by Euric's conquests, was driven into an exile which apparently terminated in the year of Euric's death, 485. His own death probably followed from five to ten years later. The Church of his province
Christological questions Faustus adheres to the orthodox Augustinian formulas.
Bibliography: he handiest ed. of the writings of Faustus is by Engelbrecht, in CSEL, xxi., Vienna, 1891; the most important are in MPL, Iviii. 783 sqq.; the letters of Faustus and Ruricius, ed. Kruach, are in MGM, Auct. ant., viii (1887). 265 sqq., cf. pp. liv. sqq.; for his exposition of the creed consult C. P. Caspari, Ungedruckte . Quetlen zur Geschichte sea TaufeZlmbols, ii. 183 sqq., Christiania, 1889; idem, Anecdota, i. 315 aq4., ib. 1883;
and the tract De aymbolo, ed. Caspari, is in Atte and Neue Quelten, ib. 1879. Consult: A. Koch, Der heiliga Fauatvs, Stuttgart, 1895: Tillemont, MÃ©moires, xvi. 408 sqq.; Histoire 1itoraire de la France, ii. 585 sqq.; Ceillier, Auteurs sacrÃ©s, x. 420-437; A. Engelbreeht, Studien Ã¼ber die Schriften sea Biacho/a v on ReTa, Faustus, Vienna, 1889; Zeitschrift fÃ¼r die dsterreichischen Gymnasien. 1890. pp. 289 s44.. '181 sqq., 677 sqq.; Morin, in Revue Unedietine, ix (1892), 49 sqq., cf. viii (1891). 97 sqq.; C. F. Arnold, Cdaarius von Arelate, pp. 324 sq4.. Leipsic, 1894; Neander, Christian Church, ii. 706-707 et passim; Harnack, Dogma, iv. 314, v. 252 sqq. et passim; KL, iv. 1279-81.
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