EMBER-DAYS: Days of special fasting and prayer occurring quarterly (Lest. jejunia qtcatttcor temporum), on the Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday after the first Sunday in Lent, Pentecost, Sept. 14, and Dec. 14. They seem to have been originally instituted for the purpose of asking God's blessing on the several seasons of the year (Bingham, Origines, xxi. 2); but later they assumed more importance as the seasons specially appointed for ordination. See Fasting, II.

EMBER, PAULUS: Hungarian Reformed church historian; b. at Debreczen c. 1660; d. at Liszka (on the Bodrog, 50 m. n. of Debreczen) 1710. He studied in the Refcrmed College of Debrec zen and became teacher at Patak (fi m. n.e. of Liazka). After a visit to Franeker and Leyden (1684--86) he returned to Patak as pastor, but was soon driven away by the Jesuits. Thenceforth his life was a wandering one; its happiest and most productive period was a residence at Losoncz from 1695 till 1701. He suffered in the war following the revolution of Francis Rak6ezy and had to flee from Szatmar, where he was then pastor. A place was made for him in his native town, but the advance of the Austrian army drove him thence in 1705. His works were Garizim & Ebal (Kolozavar, 1702), a defense of the Calvinistic doctrine of predestina tion, which provoked a fiery attack from a Lutheran writer, Martinus Regis (Wittenberg, 1708); and Histories ecclesix re forrnatce in Hungaria et Tran sylvania. The material for this work was collected during his wanderings and it was written at the request of the Prussian court-preacher, E. D. Jab lonaky. After Ember's death it was sent to Utrecht and was published there (1728) with alterations and additions by F. A. Lamps, who mentioned the author on the title page only as vir quidam duo tissimvs. It is still a valuable and indispensable work for the history of the Reformation in Hun gary.

F. Balogh.

Bibliography: [Michal Rotarides,] Hieloria Hangaricm

lilteraria, lineaments, pp. 49, 55-57, 179, Alton&, 1745. Other literature (in Hungarian) is given in Hauck-Her.

aog, RE, v. 336.


EMBOLISMUS ("Thrown in" or "Interca lated"): The name of the prayer following the Lord's Prayer in the mass, Libera nos, quwsumus, doming, ab omnibus malls, etc. (" Free us, we be seech thee, O Lord, from all evils," etc.).


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