ENDA (ENNA), SAINT, OF ARAN: Founder of the first of the great Irish monastic schools, at Killeany (" Church of Enna "), on the largest of the Aran Islands (Inishmore), off Galway Bay; d. c. 540. According to his fourteenth-century life he was of royal descent and a mighty warrior in his youth; converted by a pious sister, he be came a monk. He studied in Britain (probably at Candida Casa; See Ninian, Saint), and founded a monastery on the Continent (according to some at Rome, according to others in Brittany). Returning to Ireland he established himself on Inishmore, where Ciaran of Clonmacnoiae, Brendan, Finnian of Moville, Columba, and other famous abbots and bishops were among his pupils. So many resorted to the island that it received the name of Aran of the Saints. It is still full of highly interesting remains of both pagan and early Christian times.

Bibliography: Lanigan, Eccl. Hist., i. 398-400; J. Healy, Inauda aanctorum, pp. 163-187, Dublin, 1890.

ENDERS, ERNST LUDWIG: German Lutheran; b. at Frankfort Dec. 27, 1833. He studied in Heidelberg, Erlangen, and Tübingen (1852-55), and since 1865 has been pastor at Oberrad nearly opposite to Frankfort. He prepared the second Erlangen edition of Luther's works (25 vols., Frankfort, 1862--84), and edited Luther and Emser, ihre Streitschriften aus dem Jahre 1521 (2 vols., Halle, 1891); Aus dem Kampfe der Schwärmer gegen Luther, drei Flugschriften (1894); and Johann Eberlin von Günzberg, ausgewalalte Schriften (2 vols., 1896-1900). He is a collaborator on the complete edition of Luther's works in course of preparation by J. K. Irmischer, C. S. T. Elsperger, and H. Schmidt, to which he has contributed Dr. Martin Luthers Briefwechsel (2 vols., covering the period from May, 1534, to July, 1538; Calw, 1903).

ENDURA. See New Manicheans.

ENERGUMEN. See Demoniac, 5.

ENGELBRECHT, en"gel"breh', HANS: German mystic; b. at Brunswick Easter Day, 1599; d. there 1642. In his youth he was an apprentice to a weaver, and had little education. Even at an early age he was of a melancholy disposition, and in 1622 fell seriously ill, his disease culminating in spasms accompanied with hallucinations. Excommunicated as holding heretical doctrines of the Lord's Supper, he fled from Brunswick in 1625, and sought to work in Winsen-an-lerAller, Lüneburg, Hamburg, and Holland, but was everywhere persecuted, although comforted by new visions and converse with the angels. Returning to Brunswick in 1631, he vainly endeavored to be come reconciled with the clergy and again left the city. At Hamburg he had himself imprisoned to prove his divine power by fasting for a week. He was driven from Gliickatadt by troops, and shortly before his death returned to Brunswick. His writings, based on his visions, are as follows: Eire wahrha f f tige Geschicht and Gesicht vom Himmel und der Hellen (Brunswick, 1625); Gdttlich urad himmliach Mandat (Bremen, 1625); Brief can M. Hartkopf, Seniorem in Hamburg (1640); Ein christlich Schreiben art die Gelakrten; Ein Gecieht vom neuen Himmel and Erde ; and Anttvort, tvie man Gott im Neuen Testament frragert soil (1641); Gesicht von den drey Standen; Gesieht von dem Berg des Heils and dem Wasser der Sunder; and SchretTxn an Popke Popkes. A complete edition of the works of Engelbrecht appeared at Brunswick in 1686 (Erg. transl. by F. Okely, Northampton, 1780).

(Ferdinand Cohrs.)

Bibliography: P. J. Rehtmeyer, Braunschweig Kircher Historie, iv. 417 sqq., 472 sqq., Brunswick, 1715; G. Arnold, Kirchen- and Ketzer- Historie, iii. 217 sqq., Frankfort, 1729; w. Beste, in ZHT, 1844, pp. 122.



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