ENCÆNIA (Gk. enkainia): A dedication festival; applied particularly to the Jewish festival commemoratiyg the rededication of the Temple (see Synagogue), and to the anniversaries of church dedications (see Consecration).
ENCRATITES, en'cra-twits (" the Self-disciplined," " the Continent "): A name given in the Christian heretic-histories to certain sectaries, who abstained from animal food, intoxicating drinks, and sexual intercourse. Strictly speaking there was no sect of Encratites, nor did they have a particular founder, though Eusebius (Hist. eccl., iv. 28) first mentions Tatian as such. Nor can they be lumped together with the Gnostics, which, however, does not mean that Encratites here and there may not have represented Gnostic teachings.
Bibliography: A. Hilgenfeld. Aetzeroeschuhte des Urchristenluma, Leipsic, 1884; Nenndet, Christian Church, i. 456-4b8, 505; Schaff, Christian Church, ii. 495; DCB, ii. 118-120; and the literature under Tertullian.
Calvin College. Last modified on 08/11/06. Contact the CCEL.