6. His Return to Erlangen

Ebrard remained true to his convictions, and thus had to resign his position in 1861. He was forty-three years old and had spent the beat part of his life in a vain cause. He returned to Erlangen and resumed his lectures, in 1862 in the presbyterial hall of the French Reformed congregation and after 1863 at the university, in his activity manifesting the spirit of his former years and retaining his vivacity, sociability, and many-aidedness until the end of his life. In theology he devoted himself to historical studies and somewhat later gathered material for an extensive work on Apologetics (2 parts, Gütersloh, 1874-75; Eng. transl., 3 vols., Edinburgh, 1886-1887). In 1875 he undertook the French Reformed pastorate. From 1876:p 1886 he was also president of the moderamen of the Reformed synod, continuing all the while his lectures and literary work. Ebrard's scientific labor was de- voted first to the defense of the fung. Estimate damental facts of history and next of his to the eternal truths of Christianity. Work. The mastery of almost all sciences revealed in his Apologelik is aston ishing. His convictions centered in the Reformed Church, but he was not so narrow-minded as to deny the importance of Evangelical Christianity in general. His theology and devotional life may be characterized as a happy mean between ortho doxy sad Pietism. His study of history saved him from a superficial radicalism and made him emphasize the peculiarities of the Reformed Church, especially in its organization and wor ship. In spite of his marked industry and the


fertility of his thought and writings, Ebrard made little impress upon the study of theology. While his many-aided activity had no creative effect in any individual sphere, the beneficent influences which proceeded from his engaging personality are immeasurable.

His works not already mentioned include Das Dogma mm heiligen Abendmahl und seiner Geschichte (2 vols., Frankfort, 1845-46); Christliche Dog»wtik (2 vols., Königsberg, 18b1); Vorlesungen caber praktische Theologie (1854); Das Buck Hiob als poetisches Kunsttuerk übersetzt und erklart (Landau, 1858); Handbuch der christlichen Rirehen- and Geschichte (4 vols., Erlangen, lSgb-66); Die iroschottische Miasionskirche des sechsten, siebenten, and aehten Jahrhundxrts (Gütersloh, 1873); Bonifatius (1882). He edited and completed Olahaueen's commentary by writing on the Epistle to the Hebrews, the Apocalypse, and the Epistles of John, published many sermons, and, under various pseudonyms, issued a long series of Christian belletrietic productions.

(E. F. Karl Müller.)

Bibliography: The first part of his autobiography. Lebena' j9>, was published at Gütersloh, 1888; the rest of it, in M3., remains unPrinted. Consult: P. Behalf, Germany, Its Uniroersities, Theology, and Religion, pp. 389-397. New York, 1857; G. A. ficertsaaini, in BeilaDe scar AUperwinea RirchenaaiCung, no. 219-220, 1888.


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