DU BOSE, WILLIAM PORCHER: Protestant Episcopalian; b. at Winnaborough, S. C., Apr. 11, 1836. He was educated at the University of Virginia (M.A., 1859), and studied at the Divinity School at Camden, S. C., from 1859 to 1861. He then entered the Confederate Army, first as an adjutant and later as a chaplain, and served throughout the war, after which he was rector of St. John's, Winnaborough, in 1866--67, and of Trinity, Abbeville, S. C., in 1868-71. Since 1872 he has been connected with the University of the South, Sewanee, Tenn., chaplain in 1872-83, professor of moral theology and New Testament exegesis after 1372, and dean until his retirement in 1908. He has written Soteriology of the New Testament (New York, 1892; reissue, 1906); The Ecumenical Coun cils (1896); The Gospel an the Gospels (1906); and The Gospel According to saint Pail (1907).

DUBOURG, dii"bur', ANNE: French Reformer; b. at Riom (17 m. n.e. of Puy-de-Dome) c. 1520; d. at Paris Dec. 23, 1559. After pursuing the practise of law, he became, about 1547, professor of civil law in the University of Orléans. In 1557 he was appointed conseiller-clere to the Parliament of Paris. In his father's house he became acquainted with the doctrines of the Reformation, and at Orléans he had been in close sympathy with the Reformers, and had made a deep study of the Scriptures, the Fathers, and early church history before he embraced the new ideas. In 1558 be be-


gan to frequent the meetings of the Reformed con gregation in Paris. In the Parliament most of the younger members inclined toward the Reformation; and of the older members some of the moat prominent, as the president, Barley, and Sesguier, were in favor of a mild policy against heretics. There was, however, in the Parliament a party of extreme Roman Catholics led by Minard, Le Maia tre, and St. Andr6, and a conflict was not slow in arising. In order to arrive at some common policy, the procurator-general, Bourdin, convoked a plen ary assembly of all the divisions of the Parliament, in Apr., 1559. When it became evident that the friends of the Reformation were in the majority, Minard, Le Maiatre, and Bourdin addressed them selves directly to Henry II. The king appeared personally in the Parliament at the head of an im posing escort, and reproached it for lukewarmness in respect to the extirpation of heresy. Dubourg replied in a spirit of fearlessness, arguing that, while the heav iest transgressions against the divine law were allowed to gt, unpunished, the Parliament did wrong to depots its energies to the persecution of believers, who in the midst of the flames called upon the name of Christ. Personally incensed at this speech, which he construed as an allusion to his relations with Diane of Poitiers, Henry ordered the arrest of Dubourg. Legally, a member of the Parliament could be judged only by the Parliament itself. Nevertheli'es, the king appointed a commission of Dubourg's bitterest opponents to try the case. Dubourg appealed successively to the archbishops of Paris, Sane, and Lyons, but the appeals were not accepted. An appeal to the pope was still possible, but Dubourg refused to avail himself of it. The death of Henry II., July 10,1559, made his situation still more desperate, as, by the accession of Francis II., the Guises came into power. All exertions of his friends, including Coligny, Condb, and the Elector-Palatine Frederick, who wished him to be released to take a professorship at Heidelberg, were in vain. Dubourg presented to his judges a con fession of faith which was a masterly defense of the Reformation. Then for a moment he wavered, and under the influence of certain friends presented a second confession which was ambiguous, and was considered a surrender by his opponents; but he soon retracted, and, declaring his first confession to be the one which he actually believed, brought his fate upon himself. The verdict was given Dec. 21, and two days afterward he was etrangled-and burned.

(Theodor Schott.)

Bibliography: La Vroys Histoire contenant 1 'iniqus iugsmart at fauaae proc6dure contre Anus Dubourp, Antwerp, 1561. reprinted in vol. i. of M6nwires do Conddi, London, 1743; A. de la Roohe-Chsadieu. Histoire des persecutions et rnartpra de E'Epliee de Paris, 1667-80: Lyons, l6M; Bu? ktin de 1'Aia u:vii.; Lichtenberger, i£SR, iv. 121-123, Paris, 1878.


CCEL home page
This document is from the Christian Classics Ethereal Library at
Calvin College. Last modified on 08/11/06. Contact the CCEL.
Calvin seal: My heart I offer you O Lord, promptly and sincerely