III. The Old Order Brethren: These are the ultraconservatives who oppose all change and refuse to accept new methods. In 1881 they organized a yearly conference meeting in a barn in Montgomery County, O., following old traditions and customs as far as possible, and have continued as a separate society with no affiliations with either of the other bodies. They publish a monthly, the Vindicator, at Brookville, O., but have no colleges, highschools, Sunday-schools, or missionary departments. They have no supported ministers. In dress and other ways they are extremely plain. In doctrine they do not differ materially from the mother Church. For alleged Scriptural reasons they object to being numbered, but are estimated to include about 4,000 members, chiefly in the States of Ohio, Indiana, and Pennsylvania. J. H. Moore.

DUNN, RANSOM: Free-Will Baptist; b. at Bakersfield, Vt., July 7, 1818; d. at Scranton, Pa., Nov. 9, 1900. He was educated at New Hampton, N. H., and in the early part of his life was an Evangelist, chiefly in Ohio, Missouri, Illinois, and Michigan. Later he held a number of pastoral charges, the moat important being at Boston and Hillsdale, Mich. He taught at different times in Hillsdale College, where he was president 1885-86 and professor of homiletics and head of the theological department after 1888. He wrote Freedom of the Will (Dover, N. H., 1850) and Systematic Theology (in collaboration with J. J. Butler; Boston, 1892).

DUNNE, EDWARD JOSEPH: Roman Catholic bishop of Dallas, Tex.; b. at Tipperary, Ireland, Apr. 23, 1848. He was brought by his parents to Chicago in infancy, and studied at the College of St. Mary's of the Lake, Chicago, St. Francis' Seminary, Milwaukee, and St. Mary's Seminary, Baltimore. In 1871 he was ordained to the priesthood, and after being assistant at two Chicago churches was appointed rector oŁ All Saints' in the same city in 1875. In 1893 he was consecrated second bishop of Dallas.

DUNNING, ALBERT ELIJAH: Congregationalist; b. at Brookfield, Conn., Jan. 5, 1844. He was graduated at Yale College in 1867, and Andover Theological Seminary in 1870. From 1870 until 1880 he was pastor of the Highland Congregational Church, Boston, and was then general secretary of the Congregational Sunday-school and Publishing Society until 1889, since which time he has been editor in chief of the Congregationalist. He was a member of the International Sunday-school Lesson Committee 1884-1902, and its secretary 1897-1902. In 1903 he was elected secretary of the department on Sunday-schools of the Religious Education Association, and was made chairman of the committee on polity for the union of the Congregational, United Brethran, and Methodist Protestant Churches in 1906. He has written The Sunday-school Library (Boston, 1883); Bible Studies (1888); and Congregationalists in America (1894).


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