|The following system of transliteration has been used for Hebrew:|
|א = ' or omitted at the||ז = z||ע = '|
beginning of a word.
|ח = ḥ||פּ = p|
|בּ = b||ם = ṭ||פ = ph or p|
|ב = bh or b||י = y||צ = ẓ|
|גּ = g||כּ = k||ק = ḳ|
|ג = gh or g||כ = kh or k||ר = r|
|דּ = d||ל = l||שׂ = s|
|ד = dh or d||מ = m||שׁ = sh|
|ה = h||נ = n||תּ = t|
|ו = w||ס = s||ת = th or t|
The vowels are transcribed by a, e, i, o, u, without attempt to indicate quantity or quality. Arabic and other Semitic languages are transliterated according to the same system as Hebrew. Greek is written with Roman characters, the common equivalents being used.
When the pronunciation is self-evident the titles are not respelled; when by mere division and accentuation it can be shown sufficiently clearly the titles have been divided into syllables, and the accented syllables indicated.
|a as in sof
||o as in not||iu as in duration|
|ä " " arm||ö " " n or||c = k " " cat|
|a " " at||u " " full2||ch " " church|
|ā " " fare||ū " " rule||cw = qu as in queen|
|e " " pen 1||U " " but||dh (th) " " the|
|ê " " fate||Ū " " burn||f " " fancy|
|i " " tin||ai " " pine||g (hard) " " go|
|î " " machine||au " " out||H " " loch (Scotch)|
|o " " obey||ei " " oil||hw (wh) " " why|
|ō " " no||iū " " few||j " " jaw|
1In accented syllables only; in unaccented syllables it approximates the sound of e in over. The letter ṇ, with a dot beneath it, indicates the sound of n as in ink. Nasal n (as in French words) is rendered n.|
2In German and French names ū approximates the sound of u in dune.
Calvin College. Last modified on 08/11/06. Contact the CCEL.