COMMENTARY ON THE
SECOND EPISTLE TO THE CORINTHIANS.
2 Corinthians 1:1-5
1. Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, unto the Church of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints which are in all Achaia:
1. Paulus Apostolus Iesu Christi per voluntatem Dei, et Timotheus frater, Ecclesiae Dei quae est Corinthi, cum sanctis omnibus qui sunt in tota Achaia:
2. Grace be to you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.
2. Gratia vobis et pax a Deo Patre nostro, et Domino Iesu Christo.
3. Blessed be God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies, and the God of all comfort;
3. Benedictus Deus, et Pater Domini nostri Iesu Christi, Pater misericordiarum, et Deus omnis consolationis,
4. Who comforteth us in all our tribulation, that we may be able to comfort them which are in any trouble, by the comfort wherewith we ourselves are comforted of God.
4. Qui consolatur nos in omni tribulatione nostra, ut possimus consolari eos qui in omni tribulatione sunt, per consolationem qua consolatur nos Deus.
5. For as the sufferings of Christ abound in us, so our consolation also aboundeth by Christ.
5. Quia sicuti abundant passiones Christi in nos: ita per Christum abundat etiam consolatio nostra.
He calls him the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, and not without good reason, where blessings are treated of; for where Christ is not, there the beneficence of God is not. On the other hand, where Christ intervenes,
by whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named,
there are all mercies and all consolations of God -- nay, more, there is fatherly love, the fountain from which everything else flows.
According to the multitude, says he, of my anxieties within me,
thy consolations have delighted my soul. (Psalm 94:19.)
In Paul's words, however, there is a fuller statement of doctrine; for the afflictions of the pious he calls the
that he fills up in his body what is wanting in the
sufferings of Christ. (Colossians 1:24.)
The miseries and vexations, it is true, of the present life are common to good and bad alike, but when they befall the wicked, they are tokens of the curse of God, because they arise from sin, and nothing appears in them except the anger of God and participation with Adam, which cannot but depress the mind. But in the mean time believers are conformed to Christ, and
bear about with them in their body his dying, that the life of Christ may one day be manifested in them. (2 Corinthians 4:10.)
I speak of the afflictions which they endure for the testimony of Christ, (Revelation 1:9,) for although the Lord's chastisements, with which he chastises their sins, are beneficial to them, they are, nevertheless, not partakers, properly speaking, of Christ's sufferings, except in those cases in which they suffer on his account, as we find in 1 Peter 4:13. Paul's meaning then is, that God is always present with him in his tribulations, and that his infirmity is sustained by the consolations of Christ, so as to prevent him from being overwhelmed with calamities.
3 "A true child of God may have sad falls, as we see in Peter and David, yet for all this not be quite excluded out of the covenant of grace: they did not lose their sonship, even in those sad transgressions, and will God be more severe to a whole Church than to one person?" -- Burgesse on 2 Corinthians 1. (Lond. 1661 ) -- Ed.
4 "Des martyres et afflictions des fideles;" -- "The martyrdoms and afflictions of believers."
5 "Cherche matiere de mespris et diffamation aux enseignes magnifiques de victoire, lesquelles Dieu dresse à ses enfans;" -- "Seeks matter of contempt and defamation in those splendid tokens of victory, which God furnishes to His children."
6 "Who is comforting (
7 "Ce mot, Qui, est mis pour Car, ou, Pource que;" -- "This word, Who, being used instead of For, or, Because."
8 "Pour son proufit particulier;" -- "For his own private advantage."
9 "It is not enough for the ministers of the gospel to have devoured many books of learning, to be able to decide polemical questions in divinity, to convince gainsayers, to be doctors angelical, subtle or profound; to be mallei hereticorum -- the hammer of heretics. Unless also they have the experimental works of God's Spirit upon their own souls, they are not able to apply themselves to the hearts of others. Paul had not been able to comfort others, if the Lord had not practically acquainted him with heavenly consolations." -- Burgesse on 2 Corinthians 1:p. 178 -- Ed.