- And at that time Jacob sent messengers to his brother Esau toward the land of Seir, and he
spoke to him words of supplication.
- And he commanded them, saying, Thus shall ye say to my lord, to Esau, Thus saith thy
servant Jacob, Let not my lord imagine that my father's blessing with which he did bless me
has proved beneficial to me.
- For I have been these twenty years with Laban, and he deceived me and changed my
wages ten times, as it has all been already told unto my lord.
- And I served him in his house very laboriously, and God afterward saw my affliction, my
labor and the work of my hands, and he caused me to find grace and favor in his sight.
- And I afterward through God's great mercy and kindness acquired oxen and asses and
cattle, and men servants and maid servants.
- And now I am coming to my land and my home to my father and mother, who are in the
land of Canaan; and I have sent to let my lord know all this in order to find favor in the sight of
my lord, so that he may not imagine that I have of myself obtained wealth, or that the blessing
with which my father blessed me has benefited me.
- And those messengers went to Esau, and found him on the borders of the land of Edom
going toward Jacob, and four hundred men of the children of Seir the Horite were standing
with drawn swords.
- And the messengers of Jacob told Esau all the words that Jacob had spoken to them
- And Esau answered them with pride and contempt, and said unto them, Surely I have heard
and truly it has been told unto me what Jacob has done to Laban, who exalted him in his
house and gave him his daughters for wives, and he begat sons and daughters, and
abundantly increased in wealth and riches in Laban's house through his means.
- And when he saw that his wealth was abundant and his riches great he fled with all
belonging to him, from Laban's house, and he led Laban's daughters away from the face of
their father, as captives taken by the sword without telling him of it.
- And not only to Laban has Jacob done thus but also unto me has he done so and has
twice supplanted me, and shall I be silent?
- Now therefore I have this day come with my camps to meet him, and I will do unto him
according to the desire of my heart.
- And the messengers returned and came to Jacob and said unto him, We came to thy
brother, to Esau, and we told him all thy words, and thus has he answered us, and behold he
cometh to meet thee with four hundred men.
- Now then know and see what thou shalt do, and pray before God to deliver thee from him.
- And when he heard the words of his brother which he had spoken to the messengers of
Jacob, Jacob was greatly afraid and he was distressed.
- And Jacob prayed to the Lord his God, and he said, O Lord God of my fathers, Abraham
and Isaac, thou didst say unto me when I went away from my father's house, saying,
- I am the Lord God of thy father Abraham and the God of Isaac, unto thee do I give this
land and thy seed after thee, and I will make thy seed as the stars of heaven, and thou shalt
spread forth to the four sides of heaven, and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of
the earth be blessed.
- And thou didst establish thy words, and didst give unto me riches and children and cattle,
as the utmost wishes of my heart didst thou give unto thy servant; thou didst give unto me all
that I asked from thee, so that I lacked nothing.
- And thou didst afterward say unto me, Return to thy parents and to thy birth place and I
will still do well with thee.
- And now that I have come, and thou didst deliver me from Laban, I shall fall in the hands
of Esau who will slay me, yea, together with the mothers of my children.
- Now therefore, O Lord God, deliver me, I pray thee, also from the hands of my brother
Esau, for I am greatly afraid of him.
- And if there is no righteousness in me, do it for the sake of Abraham and my father Isaac.
- For I know that through kindness and mercy have I acquired this wealth; now therefore I
beseech thee to deliver me this day with thy kindness and to answer me.
- And Jacob ceased praying to the Lord, and he divided the people that were with him with
the flocks and cattle into two camps, and he gave the half to the care of Damesek, the son of
Eliezer, Abraham's servant, for a camp, with his children, and the other half he gave to the
care of his brother Elianus the son of Eliezer, to be for a camp with his children.
- And he commanded them, saying, Keep yourselves at a distance with your camps, and do
not come too near each other, and if Esau come to one camp and slay it, the other camp at a
distance from it will escape him.
- And Jacob tarried there that night, and during the whole night he gave his servants
instructions concerning the forces and his children.
- And the Lord heard the prayer of Jacob on that day, and the Lord then delivered Jacob
from the hands of his brother Esau.
- And the Lord sent three angels of the angels of heaven, and they went before Esau and
came to him.
- And these angels appeared unto Esau and his people as two thousand men, riding upon
horses furnished with all sorts of war instruments, and they appeared in the sight of Esau and
all his men to be divided into four camps, with four chiefs to them.
- And one camp went on and they found Esau coming with four hundred men toward his
brother Jacob, and this camp ran toward Esau and his people and terrified them, and Esau
fell off the horse in alarm, and all his men separated from him in that place, for they were
- And the whole of the camp shouted after them when they fled from Esau, and all the
warlike men answered, saying,
- Surely we are the servants of Jacob, who is the servant of God, and who then can stand
against us? And Esau said unto them, O then, my lord and brother Jacob is your lord, whom I have not seen for these twenty years, and now that I
have this day come to see him, do you treat me in this manner?
- And the angels answered him saying, As the Lord liveth, were not Jacob of whom thou
speaketh thy brother, we had not let one remaining from thee and thy people, but only on
account of Jacob we will do nothing to them.
- And this camp passed from Esau and his men and it went away, and Esau and his men
had gone from them about a league when the second camp came toward him with all sorts of
weapons, and they also did unto Esau and his men as the first camp had done to them.
- And when they had left it to go on, behold the third camp came toward him and they were
all terrified, and Esau fell off the horse, and the whole camp cried out, and said, Surely we are
the servants of Jacob, who is the servant of God, and who can stand against us?
- And Esau again answered them saying, O then, Jacob my lord and your lord is my brother,
and for twenty years I have not seen his countenance and hearing this day that he was
coming, I went this day to meet him, and do you treat me in this manner?
- And they answered him, and said unto him, As the Lord liveth, were not Jacob thy brother
as thou didst say, we had not left a remnant from thee and thy men, but on account of Jacob
of whom thou speakest being thy brother, we will not meddle with thee or thy men.
- And the third camp also passed from them, and he still continued his road with his men
toward Jacob, when the fourth camp came toward him, and they also did unto him and his
men as the others had done.
- And when Esau beheld the evil which the four angels had done to him and to his men, he
became greatly afraid of his brother Jacob, and he went to meet him in peace.
- And Esau concealed his hatred against Jacob, because he was afraid of his life on
account of his brother Jacob, and because he imagined that the four camps that he had
lighted upon were Jacob's servants.
- And Jacob tarried that night with his servants in their camps, and he resolved with his
servants to give unto Esau a present from all that he had with him, and from all his property;
and Jacob rose up in the morning, he and his men, and they chose from amongst the cattle a
present for Esau.
- And this is the amount of the present which Jacob chose from his flock to give unto his
brother Esau: and he selected two hundred and forty head from the flocks, and he selected
from the camels and asses thirty each, and of the herds he chose fifty kine.
- And he put them all in ten droves, and he placed each sort by itself, and he delivered them
into the hands of ten of his servants, each drove by itself.
- And he commanded them, and said unto them, Keep yourselves at a distance from each
other, and put a space between the droves, and when Esau and those who are with him shall
meet you and ask you, saying, Whose are you, and whither do you go, and to whom
belongeth all this before you, you shall say unto them, We are the servants of Jacob, and we come to meet Esau in peace, and behold Jacob cometh behind us.
- And that which is before us is a present sent from Jacob to his brother Esau.
- And if they shall say unto you, Why doth he delay behind you, from coming to meet his
brother and to see his face, then you shall say unto them, Surely he cometh joyfully behind us
to meet his brother, for he said, I will appease him with the present that goeth to him, and
after this I will see his face, peradventure he will accept of me.
- So the whole present passed on in the hands of his servants, and went before him on that
day, and he lodged that night with his camps by the border of the brook of Jabuk, and he rose
up in the midst of the night, and he took his wives and his maid servants, and all belonging to
him, and he that night passed them over the ford Jabuk.
- And when he passed all belonging to him over the brook, Jacob was left by himself, and a
man met him, and he wrestled with him that night until the breaking of the day, and the hollow
of Jacob's thigh was out of joint through wrestling with him.
- And at the break of day the man left Jacob there, and he blessed him and went away, and
Jacob passed the brook at the break of day, and he halted upon his thigh.
- And the sun rose upon him when he had passed the brook, and he came up to the place
of his cattle and children.
- And they went on till midday, and whilst they were going the present was passing on
- And Jacob lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold Esau was at a distance, coming
along with many men, about four hundred, and Jacob was greatly afraid of his brother.
- And Jacob hastened and divided his children unto his wives and his handmaids, and his
daughter Dinah he put in a chest, and delivered her into the hands of his servants.
- And he passed before his children and wives to meet his brother, and he bowed down to
the ground, yea he bowed down seven times until he approached his brother, and God
caused Jacob to find grace and favor in the sight of Esau and his men, for God had heard the
prayer of Jacob.
- And the fear of Jacob and his terror fell upon his brother Esau, for Esau was greatly afraid
of Jacob for what the angels of God had done to Esau, and Esau's anger against Jacob was
turned into kindness.
- And when Esau saw Jacob running toward him, he also ran toward him and he embraced
him, and he fell upon his neck, and they kissed and they wept.
- And God put fear and kindness toward Jacob in the hearts of the men that came with
Esau, and they also kissed Jacob and embraced him.
- And also Eliphaz, the son of Esau, with his four brothers, sons of Esau, wept with Jacob,
and they kissed him and embraced him, for the fear of Jacob had fallen upon them all.
- And Esau lifted up his eyes and saw the women with their offspring, the children of Jacob,
walking behind Jacob and bowing along the road to Esau.
- And Esau said unto Jacob, Who are these with thee, my brother? are they thy children or
thy servants? and Jacob answered Esau and said, They are my children which God hath
graciously given to thy servant.
- And whilst Jacob was speaking to Esau and his men, Esau beheld the whole camp, and
he said unto Jacob, Whence didst thou get the whole of the camp that I met yesternight? and
Jacob said, To find favor in the sight of my lord, it is that which God graciously gave to thy
- And the present came before Esau, and Jacob pressed Esau, saying, Take I pray thee the
present that I have brought to my lord, and Esau said, Wherefore is this my purpose? keep
that which thou hast unto thyself.
- And Jacob said, It is incumbent upon me to give all this, since I have seen thy face, that
thou still livest in peace.
- And Esau refused to take the present, and Jacob said unto him, I beseech thee my lord, if
now I have found favor in thy sight, then receive my present at my hand, for I have therefore
seen thy face, as though I had seen a god-like face, because thou wast pleased with me.
- And Esau took the present, and Jacob also gave unto Esau silver and gold and bdellium,
for he pressed him so much that he took them.
- And Esau divided the cattle that were in the camp, and he gave the half to the men who
had come with him, for they had come on hire, and the other half he delivered unto the hands
of his children.
- And the silver and gold and bdellium he gave in the hands of Eliphaz his eldest son, and
Esau said unto Jacob, Let us remain with thee, and we will go slowly along with thee until
thou comest to my place with me, that we may dwell there together.
- And Jacob answered his brother and said, I would do as my lord speaketh unto me, but
my lord knoweth that the children are tender, and the flocks and herds with their young who
are with me, go but slowly, for if they went swiftly they would all die, for thou knowest their
burdens and their fatigue.
- Therefore let my lord pass on before his servant, and I will go on slowly for the sake of the
children and the flock, until I come to my lord's place to Seir.
- And Esau said unto Jacob, I will place with thee some of the people that are with me to
take care of thee in the road, and to bear thy fatigue and burden, and he said, What needeth
it my lord, if I may find grace in thy sight?
- Behold I will come unto thee to Seir to dwell there together as thou hast spoken, go thou
then with thy people for I will follow thee.
- And Jacob said this to Esau in order to remove Esau and his men from him, so that Jacob
might afterward go to his father's house to the land of Canaan.
- And Esau hearkened to the voice of Jacob, and Esau returned with the four hundred men
that were with him on their road to Seir, and Jacob and all belonging to him went that day as
far as the extremity of the land of Canaan in its borders, and he remained there some time.
[Book of Jasher
Referred to in Joshua and Second Samuel.
faithfully translated (1840)
from the Original Hebrew into English.
A Reprint of Photo Lithographic Reprint of Exact Edition
Published by J.H. Parry & Co., Salt Lake City: 1887]