World Wide Study Bible
a Bible passage
84. Psalm 84
1How aamiable are thy tabernacles,
O Jehovah of hosts!
2My soul longeth, yea, even fainteth for the courts of Jehovah;
My heart and my flesh acry out unto the living God.
3Yea, the sparrow hath found her a house,
And the swallow a nest for herself, where she may lay her young,
Even thine altars, O Jehovah of hosts,
My King, and my God.
4Blessed are they that dwell in thy house:
They will be still praising thee.
5Blessed is the man whose strength is in thee;
In whose heart are the highways to Zion.
6Passing through the valley of aWeeping they make it a place of springs;
Yea, the early rain covereth it with blessings.
7They go from strength to strength;
Every one of them appeareth before God in Zion.
8O Jehovah God of hosts, hear my prayer;
Give ear, O God of Jacob.
9aBehold, O God our shield,
And look upon the face of thine anointed.
10For a day in thy courts is better than a thousand.
I had rather abe a doorkeeper in the house of my God,
Than to dwell in the tents of wickedness.
11For Jehovah God is a sun and a shield:
Jehovah will give grace and glory;
No good thing will he withhold from them that walk uprightly.
12O Jehovah of hosts,
Blessed is the man that trusteth in thee.
1. amiable—not lovely, but beloved.
fainteth—exhausted with desire.
courts—as tabernacles (Ps 84:1)—the whole building.
heart and … flesh—as in Ps 63:1.
3. thine altars—that is, of burnt offering and incense, used for the whole tabernacle. Its structure afforded facilities for sparrows and swallows to indulge their known predilections for such places. Some understand the statement as to the birds as a comparison: "as they find homes, so do I desire thine altars," &c.
5. (Compare Ps 68:28).
6. valley of Baca—or, "weeping." Through such, by reason of their dry and barren condition, the worshippers often had to pass to Jerusalem. As they might become wells, or fountains, or pools, supplied by refreshing rain, so the grace of God, by the exercises of His worship, refreshes and revives the hearts of His people, so that for sorrows they have "rivers of delight" (Ps 36:8; 46:4).
7. The figure of the pilgrim is carried out. As such daily refit their bodily strength till they reach Jerusalem, so the spiritual worshipper is daily supplied with spiritual strength by God's grace till he appears before God in heaven.
appeareth … God—the terms of the requisition for the attendance on the feasts (compare De 16:16),
9. God is addressed as a shield (compare Ps 84:11).
thine anointed—David (1Sa 16:12).
10. I had … doorkeeper—literally, "I choose to sit on the threshold," the meanest place.
11, 12. As a sun God enlightens (Ps 27:1); as a shield He protects.
grace—God's favor, its fruit—
glory—the honor He bestows.
12. that trusteth—constantly.