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Psalm 80

Prayer for Israel’s Restoration

To the leader: on Lilies, a Covenant. Of Asaph. A Psalm.

1

Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel,

you who lead Joseph like a flock!

You who are enthroned upon the cherubim, shine forth

2

before Ephraim and Benjamin and Manasseh.

Stir up your might,

and come to save us!

 

3

Restore us, O God;

let your face shine, that we may be saved.

 

4

O Lord God of hosts,

how long will you be angry with your people’s prayers?

5

You have fed them with the bread of tears,

and given them tears to drink in full measure.

6

You make us the scorn of our neighbors;

our enemies laugh among themselves.

 

7

Restore us, O God of hosts;

let your face shine, that we may be saved.

 

8

You brought a vine out of Egypt;

you drove out the nations and planted it.

9

You cleared the ground for it;

it took deep root and filled the land.

10

The mountains were covered with its shade,

the mighty cedars with its branches;

11

it sent out its branches to the sea,

and its shoots to the River.

12

Why then have you broken down its walls,

so that all who pass along the way pluck its fruit?

13

The boar from the forest ravages it,

and all that move in the field feed on it.

 

14

Turn again, O God of hosts;

look down from heaven, and see;

have regard for this vine,

15

the stock that your right hand planted.

16

They have burned it with fire, they have cut it down;

may they perish at the rebuke of your countenance.

17

But let your hand be upon the one at your right hand,

the one whom you made strong for yourself.

18

Then we will never turn back from you;

give us life, and we will call on your name.

 

19

Restore us, O Lord God of hosts;

let your face shine, that we may be saved.


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Ps 80:1-19. Shoshannim—"Lilies" (see on Ps 45:1, title). Eduth—Testimony, referring to the topic as a testimony of God to His people (compare Ps 19:7). This Psalm probably relates to the captivity of the ten tribes, as the former to that of Judah. Its complaint is aggravated by the contrast of former prosperity, and the prayer for relief occurs as a refrain through the Psalm.

1, 2. Joseph—for Ephraim (1Ch 7:20-29; Ps 78:67; Re 7:8), for Israel.

Shepherd—(Compare Ge 49:24).

leadest, &c.—(Ps 77:20).

dwellest … cherubim—(Ex 25:20); the place of God's visible glory, whence He communed with the people (Heb 9:5).

shine forth—appear (Ps 50:2; 94:1).

2. Before Ephraim, &c.—These tribes marched next the ark (Nu 2:18-24). The name of Benjamin may be introduced merely in allusion to that fact, and not because that tribe was identified with Israel in the schism (1Ki 12:16-21; compare also Nu 10:24).

3. Turn us—that is, from captivity.

thy face to shine—(Nu 6:25).

4. be angry—(Compare Margin.)

5. bread of tears—still an Eastern figure for affliction.

6. strife—object or cause of (Isa 9:11). On last clause compare Ps 79:4; Eze 36:4.

8-11. brought—or, "plucked up," as by roots, to be replanted.

a vine—(Ps 78:47). The figure (Isa 16:8) represents the flourishing state of Israel, as predicted (Ge 28:14), and verified (1Ki 4:20-25).

12. hedges—(Isa 5:5).

13. The boar—may represent the ravaging Assyrian and

the wild beast—other heathen.

14, 15. visit this vine—favorably (Ps 8:4).

15. And the vineyard—or, "And protect or guard what thy right hand," &c.

the branch—literally, "over the Son of man," preceding this phrase, with "protect" or "watch."

for thyself—a tacit allusion to the plea for help; for

16. it—the "vine" or

they—the "people" are suffering from Thy displeasure.

17. thy hand … upon—that is, strengthen (Ezr 7:6; 8:22).

man of … hand—may allude to Benjamin (Ge 35:18). The terms in the latter clause correspond with those of Ps 80:15, from "and the branch," &c., literally, and confirm the exposition given above.

18. We need quickening grace (Ps 71:20; 119:25) to persevere in Thy right worship (Ge 4:26; Ro 10:11).

19. (Compare Ps 80:3, "O God"; Ps 80:7, "O God of hosts").




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