World Wide Study Bible
a Bible passage
78. Psalm 78
1An Instruction of Asaph. Give ear, O my people, to my law, Incline your ear to sayings of my mouth. 2I open with a simile my mouth, I bring forth hidden things of old, 3That we have heard and do know, And our fathers have recounted to us. 4We do not hide from their sons, To a later generation recounting praises of Jehovah, And His strength, and His wonders that He hath done. 5And He raiseth up a testimony in Jacob, And a law hath placed in Israel, That He commanded our fathers, To make them known to their sons. 6So that a later generation doth know, Sons who are born, do rise and recount to their sons, 7And place in God their confidence, And forget not the doings of God, But keep His commands. 8And they are not like their fathers, A generation apostate and rebellious, A generation! it hath not prepared its heart, Nor stedfast with God [is] its spirit. 9Sons of Ephraim -- armed bearers of bow, Have turned in a day of conflict. 10They have not kept the covenant of God, And in His law they have refused to walk, 11And they forget His doings, And His wonders that He shewed them. 12Before their fathers He hath done wonders, In the land of Egypt -- the field of Zoan. 13He cleft a sea, and causeth them to pass over, Yea, He causeth waters to stand as a heap. 14And leadeth them with a cloud by day, And all the night with a light of fire. 15He cleaveth rocks in a wilderness, And giveth drink -- as the great deep. 16And bringeth out streams from a rock, And causeth waters to come down as rivers. 17And they add still to sin against Him, To provoke the Most High in the dry place. 18And they try God in their heart, To ask food for their lust. 19And they speak against God -- they said: `Is God able to array a table in a wilderness?` 20Lo, He hath smitten a rock, And waters flow, yea, streams overflow. `Also -- bread [is] He able to give? Doth He prepare flesh for His people?` 21Therefore hath Jehovah heard, And He sheweth Himself wroth, And fire hath been kindled against Jacob, And anger also hath gone up against Israel, 22For they have not believed in God, Nor have they trusted in His salvation. 23And He commandeth clouds from above, Yea, doors of the heavens He hath opened. 24And He raineth on them manna to eat, Yea, corn of heaven He hath given to them. 25Food of the mighty hath each eaten, Venison He sent to them to satiety. 26He causeth an east wind to journey in the heavens, And leadeth by His strength a south wind, 27And He raineth on them flesh as dust, And as sand of the seas -- winged fowl, 28And causeth [it] to fall in the midst of His camp, Round about His tabernacles. 29And they eat, and are greatly satisfied, And their desire He bringeth to them. 30They have not been estranged from their desire, Yet [is] their food in their mouth, 31And the anger of God hath gone up against them, And He slayeth among their fat ones, And youths of Israel He caused to bend. 32With all this they have sinned again, And have not believed in His wonders. 33And He consumeth in vanity their days, And their years in trouble. 34If He slew them, then they sought Him, And turned back, and sought God earnestly, 35And they remember that God [is] their rock, And God Most High their redeemer. 36And -- they deceive Him with their mouth, And with their tongue do lie to Him, 37And their heart hath not been right with Him, And they have not been stedfast in His covenant. 38And He -- the Merciful One, Pardoneth iniquity, and destroyeth not, And hath often turned back His anger, And waketh not up all His fury. 39And He remembereth that they [are] flesh, A wind going on -- and it returneth not. 40How often do they provoke Him in the wilderness, Grieve Him in the desolate place? 41Yea, they turn back, and try God, And the Holy One of Israel have limited. 42They have not remembered His hand The day He ransomed them from the adversary. 43When He set His signs in Egypt, And His wonders in the field of Zoan, 44And He turneth to blood their streams, And their floods they drink not. 45He sendeth among them the beetle, and it consumeth them, And the frog, and it destroyeth them, 46And giveth to the caterpillar their increase, And their labour to the locust. 47He destroyeth with hail their vine, And their sycamores with frost, 48And delivereth up to the hail their beasts, And their cattle to the burning flames. 49He sendeth on them the fury of His anger, Wrath, and indignation, and distress -- A discharge of evil messengers. 50He pondereth a path for His anger, He kept not back their soul from death, Yea, their life to the pestilence He delivered up. 51And He smiteth every first-born in Egypt, The first-fruit of the strong in tents of Ham. 52And causeth His people to journey as a flock, And guideth them as a drove in a wilderness, 53And He leadeth them confidently, And they have not been afraid, And their enemies hath the sea covered. 54And He bringeth them in unto the border of His sanctuary, This mountain His right hand had got, 55And casteth out nations from before them, And causeth them to fall in the line of inheritance, And causeth the tribes of Israel to dwell in their tents, 56And they tempt and provoke God Most High, And His testimonies have not kept. 57And they turn back, And deal treacherously like their fathers, They have been turned like a deceitful bow, 58And make Him angry with their high places, And with their graven images make Him zealous, 59God hath heard, and sheweth Himself wroth. And kicketh exceedingly against Israel. 60And He leaveth the tabernacle of Shiloh, The tent He had placed among men, 61And He giveth His strength to captivity, And His beauty into the hand of an adversary, 62And delivereth up to the sword His people, And with His inheritance shewed Himself angry. 63His young men hath fire consumed, And His virgins have not been praised. 64His priests by the sword have fallen, And their widows weep not. 65And the Lord waketh as a sleeper, As a mighty one crying aloud from wine. 66And He smiteth His adversaries backward, A reproach age-during He hath put on them, 67And He kicketh against the tent of Joseph, And on the tribe of Ephraim hath not fixed. 68And He chooseth the tribe of Judah, With mount Zion that He loved, 69And buildeth His sanctuary as a high place, Like the earth, He founded it to the age. 70And He fixeth on David His servant, And taketh him from the folds of a flock, 71From behind suckling ones He hath brought him in, To rule over Jacob His people, And over Israel His inheritance. 72And he ruleth them according to the integrity of his heart, And by the skilfulness of his hands leadeth them!
40, 41. There were ten temptations (Nu 14:22).
turned—be for turning back, or to denote repetition of offense.
43. wrought—set or held forth.
45. The dog-fly or the mosquito.
46. caterpillar—the Hebrew name, from its voracity, and that of—
locust—from its multitude.
47, 48. The additional effects of the storm here mentioned (compare Ex 9:23-34) are consistent with Moses' account.
48. gave … cattle—literally, "shut up" (compare Ps 31:8).
49. evil angels—or, "angels of evil"—many were perhaps employed, and other evils inflicted.
50, 51. made a way—removed obstacles, gave it full scope.
Ham—one of whose sons gave name (Mizraim, Hebrew) to Egypt.
52-54. made his … forth—or, brought them by periodical journeys (compare Ex 15:1).
54. border of his sanctuary—or, "holy border"—i. e., region of which—
purchased—or, "procured by His right hand" or power (Ps 60:5).
55. by line—or, the portion thus measured.
divided them—that is, the heathen, put for their possessions, so tents—that is, of the heathen (compare De 6:11).