World Wide Study Bible
a Bible passage
71. Psalm 71
1In thee, O Jehovah, do I take refuge:
Let me never be put to shame.
2Deliver me in thy righteousness, and rescue me:
Bow down thine ear unto me, and save me.
3Be thou to me a rock of habitation, whereunto I may continually resort:
Thou hast given commandment to save me;
For thou art my rock and my fortress.
4Rescue me, O my God, out of the hand of the wicked,
Out of the hand of the unrighteous and cruel man.
5For thou art my hope, O Lord Jehovah:
Thou art my trust from my youth.
6By thee have I been holden up from the womb;
Thou art he that took me out of my mother's bowels:
My praise shall be continually of thee.
7I am as a wonder unto many;
But thou art my strong refuge.
8My mouth shall be filled with thy praise,
And with thy honor all the day.
9Cast me not off in the time of old age;
Forsake me not when my strength faileth.
10For mine enemies speak concerning me;
And they that watch for my soul take counsel together,
11Saying, God hath forsaken him:
Pursue and take him; for there is none to deliver.
12O God, be not far from me;
O my God, make haste to help me.
13Let them be put to shame and consumed that are adversaries to my soul;
Let them be covered with reproach and dishonor that seek my hurt.
14But I will hope continually,
And will praise thee yet more and more.
15My mouth shall tell of thy righteousness,
And of thy salvation all the day;
For I know not the numbers thereof.
16I will come with the mighty acts of the Lord Jehovah:
I will make mention of thy righteousness, even of thine only.
17O God, thou hast taught me from my youth;
And hitherto have I declared thy wondrous works.
18Yea, even when I am old and grayheaded, O God, forsake me not,
Until I have declared thy strength unto the next generation,
Thy might to every one that is to come.
19Thy righteousness also, O God, is very high;
Thou who hast done great things, O God, who is like unto thee?
20Thou, who hast showed us many and sore troubles,
Wilt quicken us again,
And wilt bring us up again from the depths of the earth.
21Increase thou my greatness,
And turn again and comfort me.
22I will also praise thee with the psaltery,
Even thy truth, O my God:
Unto thee will I sing praises with the harp,
O thou Holy One of Israel.
23My lips shall shout for joy when I sing praises unto thee;
And my soul, which thou hast redeemed.
24My tongue also shall talk of thy righteousness all the day long;
For they are put to shame, for they are confounded, that seek my hurt.
23. My lips shall rejoice
“The original word רנם expresses a brisk, vibratory motion, like that of the lips in singing a lively air, or of the feet in dancing. Hence, figuratively, it signifies to rejoice or exult In this passage, it may be understood literally of the lips, and figuratively of the soul. And the English language having no corresponding verb which may be taken literally in reference to one subject, and figuratively in reference to another, it might be better to express its sense in connection with each, by two different verbs, thus: —
“My lips shall move briskly, when I sing unto thee,
And my soul shall rejoice, which thou, etc.”
— Horsley. when I sing to thee. In this verse David expresses more distinctly his resolution not to give thanks to God hypocritically, nor in a superficial manner, but to engage with unfeigned earnestness in this religious exercise. By the figures which he introduces, he briefly teaches us, that to praise God would be the source of his greatest pleasure; and thus he indirectly censures the profane mirth of those who, forgetting God, confine their congratulations to themselves in their prosperity. The scope of the last verse is to the same effect, implying that no joy would be sweet and desirable to him, but such as was connected with the praises of God, and that to celebrate his Redeemer’s praises would afford him the greatest satisfaction and delight.