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Psalm 57

Praise and Assurance under Persecution

To the leader: Do Not Destroy. Of David. A Miktam, when he fled from Saul, in the cave.

1

Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me,

for in you my soul takes refuge;

in the shadow of your wings I will take refuge,

until the destroying storms pass by.

2

I cry to God Most High,

to God who fulfills his purpose for me.

3

He will send from heaven and save me,

he will put to shame those who trample on me.Selah

God will send forth his steadfast love and his faithfulness.

 

4

I lie down among lions

that greedily devour human prey;

their teeth are spears and arrows,

their tongues sharp swords.

 

5

Be exalted, O God, above the heavens.

Let your glory be over all the earth.

 

6

They set a net for my steps;

my soul was bowed down.

They dug a pit in my path,

but they have fallen into it themselves.Selah

7

My heart is steadfast, O God,

my heart is steadfast.

I will sing and make melody.

8

Awake, my soul!

Awake, O harp and lyre!

I will awake the dawn.

9

I will give thanks to you, O Lord, among the peoples;

I will sing praises to you among the nations.

10

For your steadfast love is as high as the heavens;

your faithfulness extends to the clouds.

 

11

Be exalted, O God, above the heavens.

Let your glory be over all the earth.


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Ps 57:1-11. Altaschith—or, "Destroy not." This is perhaps an enigmatical allusion to the critical circumstances connected with the history, for which compare 1Sa 22:1; 26:1-3. In Moses' prayer (De 9:26) it is a prominent petition deprecating God's anger against the people. This explanation suits the fifty-eighth and fifty-ninth also. Asaph uses it for the seventy-fifth, in the scope of which there is allusion to some emergency. Michtam—(See on Ps 16:1, title). To an earnest cry for divine aid, the Psalmist adds, as often, the language of praise, in the assured hope of a favorable hearing.

1. my soul—or self, or life, which is threatened.

shadow of thy wings—(Ps 17:8; 36:7).

calamities—literally, "mischiefs" (Ps 52:2; 55:10).

2. performeth—or, completes what He has begun.

3. from … swallow me up—that pants in rage after me (Ps 56:2).

mercy and … truth—(Ps 25:10; 36:5), as messengers (Ps 43:3) sent to deliver him.

4. The mingled figures of wild beasts (Ps 10:9; 17:12) and weapons of war (Ps 11:2) heighten the picture of danger.

whose … tongue—or slanders.

5. This doxology illustrates his view of the connection of his deliverance with God's glory.

6. (Compare Ps 7:15; 9:15, 16).

7. I will … praise—both with voice and instrument.

8. Hence—he addresses his glory, or tongue (Ps 16:9; 30:12), and his psaltery, or lute, and harp.

I myself … early—literally, "I will awaken dawn," poetically expressing his zeal and diligence.

9, 10. As His mercy and truth, so shall His praise, fill the universe.




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