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Psalm 52

Judgment on the Deceitful

To the leader. A Maskil of David, when Doeg the Edomite came to Saul and said to him, “David has come to the house of Ahimelech.”

1

Why do you boast, O mighty one,

of mischief done against the godly?

All day long 2you are plotting destruction.

Your tongue is like a sharp razor,

you worker of treachery.

3

You love evil more than good,

and lying more than speaking the truth.Selah

4

You love all words that devour,

O deceitful tongue.

 

5

But God will break you down forever;

he will snatch and tear you from your tent;

he will uproot you from the land of the living.Selah

6

The righteous will see, and fear,

and will laugh at the evildoer, saying,

7

“See the one who would not take

refuge in God,

but trusted in abundant riches,

and sought refuge in wealth!”

 

8

But I am like a green olive tree

in the house of God.

I trust in the steadfast love of God

forever and ever.

9

I will thank you forever,

because of what you have done.

In the presence of the faithful

I will proclaim your name, for it is good.


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Ps 52:1-9. Compare 1Sa 21:1-10; 22:1-10, for the history of the title. Ps 52:1 gives the theme; the boast of the wicked over the righteous is vain, for God constantly cares for His people. This is expanded by describing the malice and deceit, and then the ruin, of the wicked, and the happy state of the pious.

1. mighty man—literally, "hero." Doeg may be thus addressed, ironically, in respect of his might in slander.

2. tongue—for self.

mischiefs—evil to others (Ps 5:9; 38:12).

working deceitfully—(Ps 10:7), as a keen, smoothly moving razor, cutting quietly, but deeply.

4. all-devouring—literally, "swallowing," which utterly destroy (compare Ps 21:9; 35:25).

5. likewise—or, "so," "also," as you have done to others God will do to you (Ps 18:27). The following terms describe the most entire ruin.

6. shall … fear—regard with religious awe.

laugh at him—for his folly;

7. for trusting in riches and being strong in "wickedness."

wickedness—literally, "mischief" (Ps 52:2), instead of trusting in God.

the man—literally, "the mighty man," or "hero" (Ps 52:1).

8. The figure used is common (Ps 1:3; Jer 11:16).

green—fresh.

house, &c.—in communion with God (compare Ps 27:4, 5).

for ever and ever—qualifies "mercy."

9. hast done—that is, what the context supplies, "preserved me" (compare Ps 22:31).

wait … name—hope in Thy perfections, manifested for my good (Ps 5:11; 20:1).

for it is good—that is, Thy name, and the whole method or result of its manifestation (Ps 54:6; 69:16).




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