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a Bible passage
50. Psalm 50
1The Mighty One, God, Jehovah, hath spoken,
And called the earth from the rising of the sun unto the going down thereof.
2Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty,
God hath shined forth.
3Our God cometh, and doth not keep silence:
A fire devoureth before him,
And it is very tempestuous round about him.
4He calleth to the heavens above,
And to the earth, that he may judge his people:
5Gather my saints together unto me,
Those that have made a covenant with me by sacrifice.
6And the heavens shall declare his righteousness;
For God is judge himself.
7Hear, O my people, and I will speak;
O Israel, and I will testify unto thee:
I am God, even thy God.
8I will not reprove thee for thy sacrifices;
And thy burnt-offerings are continually before me.
9I will take no bullock out of thy house,
Nor he-goats out of thy folds.
10For every beast of the forest is mine,
And the cattle upon a thousand hills.
11I know all the birds of the mountains;
And the wild beasts of the field are mine.
12If I were hungry, I would not tell thee;
For the world is mine, and the fulness thereof.
13Will I eat the flesh of bulls,
Or drink the blood of goats?
14Offer unto God the sacrifice of thanksgiving;
And pay thy vows unto the Most High:
15And call upon me in the day of trouble;
I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify me.
16But unto the wicked God saith,
What hast thou to do to declare my statutes,
And that thou hast taken my covenant in thy mouth,
17Seeing thou hatest instruction,
And castest my words behind thee?
18When thou sawest a thief, thou consentedst with him,
And hast been partaker with adulterers.
19Thou givest thy mouth to evil,
And thy tongue frameth deceit.
20Thou sittest and speakest against thy brother;
Thou slanderest thine own mother's son.
21These things hast thou done, and I kept silence;
Thou thoughtest that I was altogether such a one as thyself:
But I will reprove thee, and set them in order before thine eyes.
22Now consider this, ye that forget God,
Lest I tear you in pieces, and there be none to deliver:
23Whoso offereth the sacrifice of thanksgiving glorifieth me;
And to him that ordereth his way aright
Will I show the salvation of God.
9 I will take no calf out thy house Two reasons are given in this and the succeeding verses to prove that he cannot set any value upon sacrifices. The first is, that supposing him to depend upon these, he needs not to be indebted for them to man, having all the fullness of the earth at his command; and the second, that he requires neither food nor drink as we do for the support of our infirm natures. Upon the first of these he insists in the ninth and three following verses, where he adverts to his own boundless possessions, that he may show his absolute independence of human offerings. He then points at the wide distinction betwixt himself and man, the latter being dependent for a frail subsistence upon meat and drink, while he is the self-existent One, and communicates life to all beside. There may be nothing new in the truths here laid down by the Psalmist; but, considering the strong propensity we have by nature to form our estimate of God from ourselves, and to degenerate into a carnal worship, they convey a lesson by no means unnecessary, and which contains profound wisdom, that man can never benefit God by any of his services, as we have seen in Psalm 16:2, “My goodness extendeth not unto thee.” In the second place, God says that he does not require any thing for his own us but that, as he is sufficient in his own perfection, he has consulted the good of man in all that he has enjoined. We have a passage in Isaiah to a similar effect,
“The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool: where is the house that ye build unto me, and where is the place of my rest? For all these things hath mine hand made.” — (Isaiah 66:1, 2,)
In these words
God asserts his absolute independence; for while the world had a beginning, he himself was from eternity. From this it follows, that as he subsisted when there was nothing without him which could contribute to his fullness, he must have in himself a glorious all-sufficiency.