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Psalm 47

God’s Rule over the Nations

To the leader. Of the Korahites. A Psalm.

1

Clap your hands, all you peoples;

shout to God with loud songs of joy.

2

For the Lord, the Most High, is awesome,

a great king over all the earth.

3

He subdued peoples under us,

and nations under our feet.

4

He chose our heritage for us,

the pride of Jacob whom he loves.Selah

 

5

God has gone up with a shout,

the Lord with the sound of a trumpet.

6

Sing praises to God, sing praises;

sing praises to our King, sing praises.

7

For God is the king of all the earth;

sing praises with a psalm.

 

8

God is king over the nations;

God sits on his holy throne.

9

The princes of the peoples gather

as the people of the God of Abraham.

For the shields of the earth belong to God;

he is highly exalted.


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Ps 47:1-9. Praise is given to God for victory, perhaps that recorded (2Ch 20:20-30); and His dominions over all people, Jews and Gentiles, is asserted.

1. clap … hands … people—literally, "peoples," or "nations" (compare De 32:43; Ps 18:49; 98:9).

2, 3. His universal sovereignty now exists, and will be made known.

3. under us—that is, His saints; Israel's temporal victories were types of the spiritual conquests of the true Church.

4. He shall … inheritance—the heathen to be possessed by His Church (Ps 2:8), as Canaan by the Jews.

excellency of Jacob—literally, "pride," or, that in which he glories (not necessarily, though often, in a bad sense), the privileges of the chosen people—

whom he loved—His love being the sole cause of granting them.

5-7. God, victorious over His enemies, reascends to heaven, amid the triumphant praises of His people, who celebrate His sovereign dominion. This sovereignty is what the Psalm teaches; hence he adds,

sing … praises with understanding—literally, "sing and play an instructive (Psalm)." The whole typifies Christ's ascension (compare Ps 68:18).

8, 9. The instruction continued.

throne of … holiness—or, "holy throne" (see on Ps 2:6; Ps 23:4).

9. princes—who represent peoples. For—

even—supply, "as," or, "to"—that is, they all become united under covenant with Abraham's God.

shields—as in Ho 4:18, "rulers" [Margin].




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