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33. Psalm 33

1Rejoice in Jehovah, O ye righteous:

Praise is comely for the upright.

2Give thanks unto Jehovah with the harp:

Sing praises unto him with the psaltery of ten strings.

3Sing unto him a new song;

Play skilfully with a loud noise.

4For the word of Jehovah is right;

And all his work is done in faithfulness.

5He loveth righteousness and justice:

The earth is full of the lovingkindness of Jehovah.

6By the word of Jehovah were the heavens made,

And all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.

7He gathereth the waters of the sea together as a heap:

He layeth up the deeps in store-houses.

8Let all the earth fear Jehovah:

Let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of him.

9For he spake, and it was done;

He commanded, and it stood fast.

10Jehovah bringeth the counsel of the nations to nought;

He maketh the thoughts of the peoples to be of no effect.

11The counsel of Jehovah standeth fast for ever,

The thoughts of his heart to all generations.

12Blessed is the nation whose God is Jehovah,

The people whom he hath chosen for his own inheritance.

13Jehovah looketh from heaven;

He beholdeth all the sons of men;

14From the place of his habitation he looketh forth

Upon all the inhabitants of the earth,

15He that fashioneth the hearts of them all,

That considereth all their works.

16There is no king saved by the multitude of a host:

A mighty man is not delivered by great strength.

17A horse is a vain thing for safety;

Neither doth he deliver any by his great power.

18Behold, the eye of Jehovah is upon them that fear him,

Upon them that hope in his lovingkindness;

19To deliver their soul from death,

And to keep them alive in famine.

20Our soul hath waited for Jehovah:

He is our help and our shield.

21For our heart shall rejoice in him,

Because we have trusted in his holy name.

22Let thy lovingkindness, O Jehovah, be upon us,

According as we have hoped in thee.

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21. Surely our heart shall rejoice in him. As the particle כי, ki, which is twice employed in this verse, has various meanings in Hebrew, it may be understood in a twofold sense here. If we expound it affirmatively in both clauses, the sense will be, that believers glory both in their joy and in their hope. Nor do I think it improper that these two should be referred to distinctly in the same context thus: Surely God shall always be our joy; surely his holy name shall be like an impregnable fortress for our refuge. Whence is it that believers continue perseveringly to call upon God, but because, satisfied with his favor, they have always, amidst their sorrows and griefs, this comfort, which is sufficient to maintain their cheerfulness? Justly, therefore, do believers affirm, in the first place, that their heart rejoices in the Lord; because, freed from wandering after the fascinations of the world, they neither waver nor hesitate at every change of fortune, but place the whole felicity of their life in enjoying the free and paternal favor of God. They afterwards add, in the second place, that they trust in his holy name. If any one, however, choose to understand the particle כי, ki, as meaning because, assigning a cause or reason, the sense will be no less properly and elegantly expressed in this way: Because our hope is fixed on God, he will be equally ready on his part to minister to us continual matter of joy. And experience undoubtedly proves, that when men are overwhelmed with sorrow, and pine away with care, grief, and anxiety, it is that they may receive the recompense of their folly; seeing that there is nothing to which they are led with more difficulty, than to set their hopes on God alone, and not to exult in their own deceitful imaginations, with which they please themselves.