World Wide Study Bible
a Bible passage
18. Psalm 18
1I love thee, O Jehovah, my strength.
2Jehovah is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer;
My God, my rock, in whom I will take refuge;
My shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower.
3I will call upon Jehovah, who is worthy to be praised:
So shall I be saved from mine enemies.
4The cords of death compassed me,
And the floods of ungodliness made me afraid.
5The cords of Sheol were round about me;
The snares of death came upon me.
6In my distress I called upon Jehovah,
And cried unto my God:
He heard my voice out of his temple,
And my cry before him came into his ears.
7Then the earth shook and trembled;
The foundations also of the mountains quaked
And were shaken, because he was wroth.
8There went up a smoke out of his nostrils,
And fire out of his mouth devoured:
Coals were kindled by it.
9He bowed the heavens also, and came down;
And thick darkness was under his feet.
10And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly;
Yea, he soared upon the wings of the wind.
11He made darkness his hiding-place, his pavilion round about him,
Darkness of waters, thick clouds of the skies.
12At the brightness before him his thick clouds passed,
Hailstones and coals of fire.
13Jehovah also thundered in the heavens,
And the Most High uttered his voice,
Hailstones and coals of fire.
14And he sent out his arrows, and scattered them;
Yea, lightnings manifold, and discomfited them.
15Then the channels of waters appeared,
And the foundations of the world were laid bare,
At thy rebuke, O Jehovah,
At the blast of the breath of thy nostrils.
16He sent from on high, he took me;
He drew me out of many waters.
17He delivered me from my strong enemy,
And from them that hated me; for they were too mighty for me.
18They came upon me in the day of my calamity;
But Jehovah was my stay.
19He brought me forth also into a large place;
He delivered me, because he delighted in me.
20Jehovah hath rewarded me according to my righteousness;
According to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed me.
21For I have kept the ways of Jehovah,
And have not wickedly departed from my God.
22For all his ordinances were before me,
And I put not away his statutes from me.
23I was also perfect with him,
And I kept myself from mine iniquity.
24Therefore hath Jehovah recompensed me according to my righteousness,
According to the cleanness of my hands in his eyesight.
25With the merciful thou wilt show thyself merciful;
With the perfect man thou wilt show thyself perfect;
26With the pure thou wilt show thyself pure;
And with the perverse thou wilt show thyself froward.
27For thou wilt save the afflicted people;
But the haughty eyes thou wilt bring down.
28For thou wilt light my lamp:
Jehovah my God will lighten my darkness.
29For by thee I run upon a troop;
And by my God do I leap over a wall.
30As for God, his way is perfect:
The word of Jehovah is tried;
He is a shield unto all them that take refuge in him.
31For who is God, save Jehovah?
And who is a rock, besides our God,
32The God that girdeth me with strength,
And maketh my way perfect?
33He maketh my feet like hinds' feet:
And setteth me upon my high places.
34He teacheth my hands to war;
So that mine arms do bend a bow of brass.
35Thou hast also given me the shield of thy salvation;
And thy right hand hath holden me up,
And thy gentleness hath made me great.
36Thou hast enlarged my steps under me,
And my feet have not slipped.
37I will pursue mine enemies, and overtake them;
Neither will I turn again till they are consumed.
38I will smite them through, so that they shall not be able to rise:
They shall fall under my feet.
39For thou hast girded me with strength unto the battle:
Thou hast subdued under me those that rose up against me.
40Thou hast also made mine enemies turn their backs unto me,
That I might cut off them that hate me.
41They cried, but there was none to save;
Even unto Jehovah, but he answered them not.
42Then did I beat them small as the dust before the wind;
I did cast them out as the mire of the streets.
43Thou hast delivered me from the strivings of the people;
Thou hast made me the head of the nations:
A people whom I have not known shall serve me.
44As soon as they hear of me they shall obey me;
The foreigners shall submit themselves unto me.
45The foreigners shall fade away,
And shall come trembling out of their close places.
46Jehovah liveth; and blessed be my rock;
And exalted be the God of my salvation,
47Even the God that executeth vengeance for me,
And subdueth peoples under me.
48He rescueth me from mine enemies;
Yea, thou liftest me up above them that rise up against me;
Thou deliverest me from the violent man.
49Therefore I will give thanks unto thee, O Jehovah, among the nations,
And will sing praises unto thy name.
50Great deliverance giveth he to his king,
And showeth lovingkindness to his anointed,
To David and to his seed, for evermore.
3. I will call upon the praised Jehovah. Calling upon God, as has been observed elsewhere, frequently comprehends the whole of his service; but as the effect or fruit of prayer is particularly mentioned in what follows, this phrase in the passage before us, I have no doubt, signifies to have recourse to God for protection, and to ask by prayer deliverance from him. David having said in the second verse, that he trusted in God, now subjoins this as an evidence of his trust; for every one who confides in God will earnestly beseech his aid in the time of need. He therefore declares, that he will be saved, and prove victorious over all his enemies, because he will have recourse to God for help. He calls God the praised Jehovah, not only to intimate that he is worthy of being praised, as almost all interpreters explain it, but also to point out, that, when he came to the throne of grace, his prayers would be mingled and interwoven with praises. 393393 The word in the Hebrew text מהלל, mehullal, literally signifies praise. The ancient versions view the word not as denoting that God is worthy to be praised, which is the meaning attached to it in our English version, but as referring to the Psalmist’s resolution to praise God. The Septuagint reads, Αινων επικαλεσομαι Κυριον Kytov, “Praising I will call upon the Lord.” The reading of the Vulgate is the same, “Laudans invocabo.” The Chaldee reads, “In a song or hymn I pour out prayers unto the Lord:” and the Arabic. “I will praise the Lord, and call upon him.” This is precisely the sense in which Calvin understands the words, “I will call upon the praised Jehovah.” The scope of the passage seems to require that it be understood as meaning, that giving thanks to God for the benefits which he has received from him in times past, he will ask his assistance by renewed supplications. And certainly no man will ever invoke God in prayer freely and frankly unless he animate and encourage himself by the remembrance of the grace of God. Accordingly Paul, in Philippians 4:6, exhorts the faithful
“in every thing by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving, to make their requests known unto God” (Philippians 4:6)
and to disburden their cares, as it were, into his bosom. All those whose prayers are not accompanied with the praises of God are chargeable with clamouring and complaining against him, when engaged in that solemn exercise.