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Psalm 18

Royal Thanksgiving for Victory

To the leader. A Psalm of David the servant of the Lord, who addressed the words of this song to the Lord on the day when the Lord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul. He said:

1

I love you, O Lord, my strength.

2

The Lord is my rock, my fortress, and my deliverer,

my God, my rock in whom I take refuge,

my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold.

3

I call upon the Lord, who is worthy to be praised,

so I shall be saved from my enemies.

 

4

The cords of death encompassed me;

the torrents of perdition assailed me;

5

the cords of Sheol entangled me;

the snares of death confronted me.

 

6

In my distress I called upon the Lord;

to my God I cried for help.

From his temple he heard my voice,

and my cry to him reached his ears.

 

7

Then the earth reeled and rocked;

the foundations also of the mountains trembled

and quaked, because he was angry.

8

Smoke went up from his nostrils,

and devouring fire from his mouth;

glowing coals flamed forth from him.

9

He bowed the heavens, and came down;

thick darkness was under his feet.

10

He rode on a cherub, and flew;

he came swiftly upon the wings of the wind.

11

He made darkness his covering around him,

his canopy thick clouds dark with water.

12

Out of the brightness before him

there broke through his clouds

hailstones and coals of fire.

13

The Lord also thundered in the heavens,

and the Most High uttered his voice.

14

And he sent out his arrows, and scattered them;

he flashed forth lightnings, and routed them.

15

Then the channels of the sea were seen,

and the foundations of the world were laid bare

at your rebuke, O Lord,

at the blast of the breath of your nostrils.

 

16

He reached down from on high, he took me;

he drew me out of mighty waters.

17

He delivered me from my strong enemy,

and from those who hated me;

for they were too mighty for me.

18

They confronted me in the day of my calamity;

but the Lord was my support.

19

He brought me out into a broad place;

he delivered me, because he delighted in me.

 

20

The Lord rewarded me according to my righteousness;

according to the cleanness of my hands he recompensed me.

21

For I have kept the ways of the Lord,

and have not wickedly departed from my God.

22

For all his ordinances were before me,

and his statutes I did not put away from me.

23

I was blameless before him,

and I kept myself from guilt.

24

Therefore the Lord has recompensed me according to my righteousness,

according to the cleanness of my hands in his sight.

 

25

With the loyal you show yourself loyal;

with the blameless you show yourself blameless;

26

with the pure you show yourself pure;

and with the crooked you show yourself perverse.

27

For you deliver a humble people,

but the haughty eyes you bring down.

28

It is you who light my lamp;

the Lord, my God, lights up my darkness.

29

By you I can crush a troop,

and by my God I can leap over a wall.

30

This God—his way is perfect;

the promise of the Lord proves true;

he is a shield for all who take refuge in him.

 

31

For who is God except the Lord?

And who is a rock besides our God?—

32

the God who girded me with strength,

and made my way safe.

33

He made my feet like the feet of a deer,

and set me secure on the heights.

34

He trains my hands for war,

so that my arms can bend a bow of bronze.

35

You have given me the shield of your salvation,

and your right hand has supported me;

your help has made me great.

36

You gave me a wide place for my steps under me,

and my feet did not slip.

37

I pursued my enemies and overtook them;

and did not turn back until they were consumed.

38

I struck them down, so that they were not able to rise;

they fell under my feet.

39

For you girded me with strength for the battle;

you made my assailants sink under me.

40

You made my enemies turn their backs to me,

and those who hated me I destroyed.

41

They cried for help, but there was no one to save them;

they cried to the Lord, but he did not answer them.

42

I beat them fine, like dust before the wind;

I cast them out like the mire of the streets.

 

43

You delivered me from strife with the peoples;

you made me head of the nations;

people whom I had not known served me.

44

As soon as they heard of me they obeyed me;

foreigners came cringing to me.

45

Foreigners lost heart,

and came trembling out of their strongholds.

 

46

The Lord lives! Blessed be my rock,

and exalted be the God of my salvation,

47

the God who gave me vengeance

and subdued peoples under me;

48

who delivered me from my enemies;

indeed, you exalted me above my adversaries;

you delivered me from the violent.

 

49

For this I will extol you, O Lord, among the nations,

and sing praises to your name.

50

Great triumphs he gives to his king,

and shows steadfast love to his anointed,

to David and his descendants forever.


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Verses 1–19

The first words, “I will love thee, O Lord, my strength,” are the scope and contents of the psalm. Those that truly love God, may triumph in him as their Rock and Refuge, and may with confidence call upon him. It is good for us to observe all the circumstances of a mercy which magnify the power of God and his goodness to us in it. David was a praying man, and God was found a prayer-hearing God. If we pray as he did, we shall speed as he did. God's manifestation of his presence is very fully described, ver. #(7–15). Little appeared of man, but much of God, in these deliverances. It is not possible to apply to the history of the son of Jesse those awful, majestic, and stupendous words which are used through this description of the Divine manifestation. Every part of so solemn a scene of terrors tells us, a greater than David is here. God will not only deliver his people out of their troubles in due time, but he will bear them up under their troubles in the mean time. Can we meditate on ver. 18, without directing one thought to Gethsemane and Calvary? Can we forget that it was in the hour of Christ's deepest calamity, when Judas betrayed, when his friends forsook, when the multitude derided him, and the smiles of his Father's love were withheld, that the powers of darkness prevented him? The sorrows of death surrounded him, in his distress he prayed, Heb 5:7. God made the earth to shake and tremble, and the rocks to cleave, and brought him out, in his resurrection, because he delighted in him and in his undertaking.

Verses 20–28

Those that forsake the ways of the Lord, depart from their God. But though conscious to ourselves of many a false step, let there not be a wicked departure from our God. David kept his eye upon the rule of God's commands. Constant care to keep from that sin, whatever it be, which most easily besets us, proves that we are upright before God. Those who show mercy to others, even they need mercy. Those who are faithful to God, shall find him all that to them which he has promised to be. The words of the Lord are pure words, very sure to be depended on, and very sweet to be delighted in. Those who resist God, and walk contrary to him, shall find that he will walk contrary to them, Le 26:21–24. The gracious recompence of which David spoke, may generally be expected by those who act from right motives. Hence he speaks comfort to the humble, and terror to the proud; “Thou wilt bring down high looks.” And he speaks encouragement to himself; “Thou wilt light my candle:” thou wilt revive and comfort my sorrowful spirit; thou wilt guide my way, that I may avoid the snares laid for me. Thou wilt light my candle to work by, and give me an opportunity of serving thee. Let those that walk in darkness, and labour under discouragements, take courage; God himself will be a Light to them.

Verses 29–50

When we praise for one mercy, we must observe the many more, with which we have been compassed all our days. Many things had contributed to David's advancement, and he owns the hand of God in them all, to teach us to do likewise. In verse #(32), and the following verses, are the gifts of God to the spiritual warrior, whereby he is prepared for the contest, after the example of his victorious Leader. Learn that we must seek release being made through Christ, shall be rejected. In David the type, we behold out of trouble through Christ. The prayer put up, without reconciliation Jesus our Redeemer, conflicting with enemies, compassed with sorrows and with floods of ungodly men, enduring not only the pains of death, but the wrath of God for us; yet calling upon the Father with strong cries and tears; rescued from the grave; proceeding to reconcile, or to put under his feet all other enemies, till death, the last enemy, shall be destroyed. We should love the Lord, our Strength, and our Salvation; we should call on him in every trouble, and praise him for every deliverance; we should aim to walk with him in all righteousness and true holiness, keeping from sin. If we belong to him, he conquers and reigns for us, and we shall conquer and reign through him, and partake of the mercy of our anointed King, which is promised to all his seed for evermore. Amen.




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