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145. Psalm 145

1I will extol thee, my God, O King;

And I will bless thy name for ever and ever.

2Every day will I bless thee;

And I will praise thy name for ever and ever.

3Great is Jehovah, and greatly to be praised;

And his greatness is unsearchable.

4One generation shall laud thy works to another,

And shall declare thy mighty acts.

5Of the glorious majesty of thine honor,

And of thy wondrous works, will I meditate.

6And men shall speak of the might of thy terrible acts;

And I will declare thy greatness.

7They shall utter the memory of thy great goodness,

And shall sing of thy righteousness.

8Jehovah is gracious, and merciful;

Slow to anger, and of great lovingkindness.

9Jehovah is good to all;

And his tender mercies are over all his works.

10All thy works shall give thanks unto thee, O Jehovah;

And thy saints shall bless thee.

11They shall speak of the glory of thy kingdom,

And talk of thy power;

12To make known to the sons of men his mighty acts,

And the glory of the majesty of his kingdom.

13Thy kingdom is an everlasting kingdom,

And thy dominion endureth throughout all generations.

14Jehovah upholdeth all that fall,

And raiseth up all those that are bowed down.

15The eyes of all wait for thee;

And thou givest them their food in due season.

16Thou openest thy hand,

And satisfiest the desire of every living thing.

17Jehovah is righteous in all his ways,

And gracious in all his works.

18Jehovah is nigh unto all them that call upon him,

To all that call upon him in truth.

19He will fulfil the desire of them that fear him;

He also will hear their cry and will save them.

20Jehovah preserveth all them that love him;

But all the wicked will he destroy.

21My mouth shall speak the praise of Jehovah;

And let all flesh bless his holy name for ever and ever.

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16. Thou openest thine hand, etc. The figure is a beautiful one. Most men pass over without observation the singular goodness of God apparent in this admirable ordering of things in nature, and David therefore represents him as stretching out his hand to distribute to the animals their food. We sinfully confine our attention to the earth which yields us our food, or to natural causes. To correct this error David describes God as opening his hands to put the food into our mouths. The word רצון, ratson, some render desire, as though he meant that God supplied each kind of animal with food according to its wish. And a little afterwards we do indeed find it used in that sense. Others, however, refer it rather to God’s feeding them of his mere good pleasure and kindness; it not being enough to say that our food is given us by God, unless we add, as in the second clause of the verse, that his kindness is gratuitous, and that there is no extrinsic cause whatever moving him to provide so liberally for every living creature. In that case the cause is put for the effect; the various kinds of provision being effects of his good pleasure — χαρισματα της χάριτος. If it be found that men and others of his creatures often suffer and die from want, this is to be traced to the change which has come upon nature by sin. The fair order which subsisted in it by God’s original appointment often fails since the fall through our sins, and yet in what remains of it, though marred, we may see the kindness of God referred to by David, for in the severest failures of crop, there is no year so barren and unproductive, that God may not be said to open his hand in it.