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Psalm 132

The Eternal Dwelling of God in Zion

A Song of Ascents.

1

O Lord, remember in David’s favor

all the hardships he endured;

2

how he swore to the Lord

and vowed to the Mighty One of Jacob,

3

“I will not enter my house

or get into my bed;

4

I will not give sleep to my eyes

or slumber to my eyelids,

5

until I find a place for the Lord,

a dwelling place for the Mighty One of Jacob.”

 

6

We heard of it in Ephrathah;

we found it in the fields of Jaar.

7

“Let us go to his dwelling place;

let us worship at his footstool.”

 

8

Rise up, O Lord, and go to your resting place,

you and the ark of your might.

9

Let your priests be clothed with righteousness,

and let your faithful shout for joy.

10

For your servant David’s sake

do not turn away the face of your anointed one.

 

11

The Lord swore to David a sure oath

from which he will not turn back:

“One of the sons of your body

I will set on your throne.

12

If your sons keep my covenant

and my decrees that I shall teach them,

their sons also, forevermore,

shall sit on your throne.”

 

13

For the Lord has chosen Zion;

he has desired it for his habitation:

14

“This is my resting place forever;

here I will reside, for I have desired it.

15

I will abundantly bless its provisions;

I will satisfy its poor with bread.

16

Its priests I will clothe with salvation,

and its faithful will shout for joy.

17

There I will cause a horn to sprout up for David;

I have prepared a lamp for my anointed one.

18

His enemies I will clothe with disgrace,

but on him, his crown will gleam.”


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Ps 132:1-18. The writer, perhaps Solomon (compare Ps 132:8, 9), after relating David's pious zeal for God's service, pleads for the fulfilment of the promise (2Sa 7:16), which, providing for a perpetuation of David's kingdom, involved that of God's right worship and the establishment of the greater and spiritual kingdom of David's greater Son. Of Him and His kingdom both the temple and its worship, and the kings and kingdom of Judah, were types. The congruity of such a topic with the tenor of this series of Psalms is obvious.

1-5. This vow is not elsewhere recorded. It expresses, in strong language, David's intense desire to see the establishment of God's worship as well as of His kingdom.

remember David—literally, "remember for David," that is, all his troubles and anxieties on the matter.

5. habitation—literally, "dwellings," generally used to denote the sanctuary.

6. These may be the "words of David" and his pious friends, who,

at Ephratah—or Beth-lehem (Ge 48:7), where he once lived, may have heard of the ark, which he found for the first time

in the fields of the wood—or, Jair, or Kirjath-jearim ("City of woods") (1Sa 7:1; 2Sa 6:3, 4), whence it was brought to Zion.

7. The purpose of engaging in God's worship is avowed.

8, 9. The solemn entry of the ark, symbolical of God's presence and power, with the attending priests, into the sanctuary, is proclaimed in the words used by Solomon (2Ch 6:41).

10-12. For thy servant David's sake—that is, On account of the promise made to him.

turn … anointed—Repulse not him who, as David's descendant, pleads the promise to perpetuate his royal line. After reciting the promise, substantially from 2Sa 7:12-16 (compare Ac 2:30, &c.), an additional plea,

13. is made on the ground of God's choice of Zion (here used for Jerusalem) as His dwelling, inasmuch as the prosperity of the kingdom was connected with that of the Church (Ps 122:8, 9).

14-18. That choice is expressed in God's words, "I will sit" or "dwell," or sit enthroned. The joy of the people springs from the blessings of His grace, conferred through the medium of the priesthood.

17. make the horn … to bud—enlarge his power.

a lamp—the figure of prosperity (Ps 18:10, 28; 89:17). With the confounding of his enemies is united his prosperity and the unceasing splendor of his crown.




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