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119. Psalm 119

1ALEPH. Blessed are the perfect in the way, who walk in the law of Jehovah. 2Blessed are they that observe his testimonies, that seek him with the whole heart; 3Who also do no unrighteousness: they walk in his ways. 4Thou hast enjoined thy precepts, to be kept diligently. 5Oh that my ways were directed to keep thy statutes! 6Then shall I not be ashamed, when I have respect unto all thy commandments. 7I will give thee thanks with uprightness of heart, when I shall have learned thy righteous judgments. 8I will keep thy statutes: forsake me not utterly. 9BETH. Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his path? by taking heed according to thy word. 10With my whole heart have I sought thee: let me not wander from thy commandments. 11Thy word have I hid in my heart, that I might not sin against thee. 12Blessed art thou, Jehovah! teach me thy statutes. 13With my lips have I declared all the judgments of thy mouth. 14I have rejoiced in the way of thy testimonies, as [much as] in all wealth. 15I will meditate upon thy precepts, and have respect unto thy paths. 16I delight myself in thy statutes; I will not forget thy word. 17GIMEL. Deal bountifully with thy servant [and] I shall live; and I will keep thy word. 18Open mine eyes, and I shall behold wondrous things out of thy law. 19I am a stranger in the land; hide not thy commandments from me. 20My soul breaketh for longing after thy judgments at all times. 21Thou hast rebuked the proud [that are] cursed, who wander from thy commandments. 22Roll off from me reproach and contempt; for I observe thy testimonies. 23Princes also did sit [and] talk together against me: thy servant doth meditate in thy statutes. 24Thy testimonies also are my delight [and] my counsellors. 25DALETH. My soul cleaveth unto the dust: quicken me according to thy word. 26I have declared my ways, and thou hast answered me: teach me thy statutes. 27Make me to understand the way of thy precepts, and I will meditate upon thy wondrous works. 28My soul melteth for sadness: strengthen me according to thy word. 29Remove from me the way of falsehood, and graciously grant me thy law. 30I have chosen the way of faithfulness; thy judgments have I set [before me]. 31I cleave unto thy testimonies; Jehovah, let me not be ashamed. 32I will run the way of thy commandments when thou shalt enlarge my heart. 33HE. Teach me, O Jehovah, the way of thy statutes, and I will observe it [unto] the end. 34Give me understanding, and I will observe thy law; and I will keep it with [my] whole heart. 35Make me to walk in the path of thy commandments; for therein do I delight. 36Incline my heart unto thy testimonies, and not to gain. 37Turn away mine eyes from beholding vanity; quicken me in thy way. 38Establish thy word unto thy servant, who is [devoted] to thy fear. 39Turn away my reproach which I fear; for thy judgments are good. 40Behold, I have longed after thy precepts: quicken me in thy righteousness. 41VAU. And let thy loving-kindness come unto me, O Jehovah, -- thy salvation according to thy word. 42So shall I have wherewith to answer him that reproacheth me; for I confide in thy word. 43And take not the word of truth utterly out of my mouth; because I have hoped in thy judgments. 44Then will I keep thy law continually, for ever and ever; 45And I will walk at liberty, for I have sought thy precepts; 46And I will speak of thy testimonies before kings, and will not be ashamed; 47And I will delight myself in thy commandments, which I have loved; 48And I will lift up my hands unto thy commandments, which I have loved, and I will meditate in thy statutes. 49ZAIN. Remember the word for thy servant, upon which thou hast caused me to hope. 50This is my comfort in mine affliction; for thy word hath quickened me. 51The proud have derided me beyond measure: I have not declined from thy law. 52I remembered thy judgments of old, O Jehovah, and have comforted myself. 53Burning indignation hath taken hold upon me because of the wicked who forsake thy law. 54Thy statutes have been my songs in the house of my pilgrimage. 55I have remembered thy name, O Jehovah, in the night, and have kept thy law. 56This I have had, because I have observed thy precepts. 57CHETH. My portion, O Jehovah, I have said, is to keep thy words. 58I have sought thy favour with [my] whole heart: be gracious unto me according to thy word. 59I have thought on my ways, and turned my feet unto thy testimonies. 60I have made haste, and not delayed, to keep thy commandments. 61The bands of the wicked have wrapped me round: I have not forgotten thy law. 62At midnight I rise up to give thanks unto thee, because of thy righteous judgments. 63I am the companion of all that fear thee, and of them that keep thy precepts. 64The earth, O Jehovah, is full of thy loving-kindness: teach me thy statutes. 65TETH. Thou hast dealt well with thy servant, O Jehovah, according to thy word. 66Teach me good discernment and knowledge; for I have believed in thy commandments. 67Before I was afflicted I went astray, but now I keep thy word. 68Thou art good, and doest good; teach me thy statutes. 69The proud have forged falsehood against me: I will observe thy precepts with [my] whole heart. 70Their heart is as fat as grease: as for me, I delight in thy law. 71It is good for me that I have been afflicted, that I might learn thy statutes. 72The law of thy mouth is better unto me than thousands of gold and silver. 73YOD. Thy hands have made me and fashioned me: give me understanding, and I will learn thy commandments. 74They that fear thee will see me, and rejoice; because I have hoped in thy word. 75I know, Jehovah, that thy Judgments are righteousness, and that in faithfulness thou hast afflicted me. 76Oh let thy loving-kindness be for my comfort, according to thy word unto thy servant. 77Let thy tender mercies come unto me, that I may live; for thy law is my delight. 78Let the proud be ashamed; for they have acted perversely towards me with falsehood: as for me, I meditate in thy precepts. 79Let those that fear thee turn unto me, and those that know thy testimonies. 80Let my heart be perfect in thy statutes, that I be not ashamed. 81CAPH. My soul fainteth for thy salvation; I hope in thy word. 82Mine eyes fail for thy word, saying, When wilt thou comfort me? 83For I am become like a bottle in the smoke; I do not forget thy statutes. 84How many shall be the days of thy servant? when wilt thou execute judgment on them that persecute me? 85The proud have digged pits for me, which is not according to thy law. 86All thy commandments are faithfulness. They persecute me wrongfully: help thou me. 87They had almost consumed me upon the earth; but as for me, I forsook not thy precepts. 88Quicken me according to thy loving-kindness, and I will keep the testimony of thy mouth. 89LAMED. For ever, O Jehovah, thy word is settled in the heavens. 90Thy faithfulness is from generation to generation: thou hast established the earth, and it standeth. 91By thine ordinances they stand this day; for all things are thy servants. 92Unless thy law had been my delight, I should then have perished in mine affliction. 93I will never forget thy precepts; for by them thou hast quickened me. 94I am thine, save me; for I have sought thy precepts. 95The wicked have awaited me to destroy me; [but] I attend unto thy testimonies. 96I have seen an end of all perfection: thy commandment is exceeding broad. 97MEM. Oh how I love thy law! it is my meditation all the day. 98Thy commandments make me wiser than mine enemies; for they are ever with me. 99I have more understanding than all my teachers; for thy testimonies are my meditation. 100I understand more than the aged, because I have observed thy precepts. 101I have refrained my feet from every evil path, that I might keep thy word. 102I have not departed from thy judgments; for it is thou that hast taught me. 103How sweet are thy words unto my taste! more than honey to my mouth! 104From thy precepts I get understanding; therefore I hate every false path. 105NUN. Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path. 106I have sworn, and I will perform it, that I will keep thy righteous judgments. 107I am afflicted very much; O Jehovah, quicken me according to thy word. 108Accept, I beseech thee, Jehovah, the voluntary-offerings of my mouth, and teach me thy judgments. 109My life is continually in my hand; but I do not forget thy law. 110The wicked have laid a snare for me; but I have not wandered from thy precepts. 111Thy testimonies have I taken as a heritage for ever; for they are the rejoicing of my heart. 112I have inclined my heart to perform thy statutes for ever, unto the end. 113SAMECH. The double-minded have I hated; but thy law do I love. 114Thou art my hiding-place and my shield: I hope in thy word. 115Depart from me, ye evil-doers; and I will observe the commandments of my God. 116Uphold me according to thy word, that I may live; and let me not be ashamed of my hope. 117Hold thou me up, and I shall be safe; and I will have respect unto thy statutes continually. 118Thou hast set at nought all them that wander from thy statutes; for their deceit is falsehood. 119Thou puttest away all the wicked of the earth [like] dross; therefore I love thy testimonies. 120My flesh shuddereth for fear of thee; and I am afraid of thy judgments. 121AIN. I have done judgment and justice: leave me not to mine oppressors. 122Be surety for thy servant for good; let not the proud oppress me. 123Mine eyes fail for thy salvation, and for the word of thy righteousness. 124Deal with thy servant according to thy loving-kindness, and teach me thy statutes. 125I am thy servant; give me understanding that I may know thy testimonies. 126It is time for Jehovah to work: they have made void thy law. 127Therefore I love thy commandments above gold, yea, above fine gold. 128Therefore I regard all [thy] precepts concerning all things to be right: I hate every false path. 129PE. Thy testimonies are wonderful; therefore doth my soul observe them. 130The entrance of thy words giveth light, giving understanding unto the simple. 131I opened my mouth wide and panted; for I longed for thy commandments. 132Turn unto me, and be gracious unto me, as thou art wont to do unto those that love thy name. 133Establish my steps in thy word; and let not any iniquity have dominion over me. 134Deliver me from the oppression of man; and I will keep thy precepts. 135Make thy face to shine upon thy servant, and teach me thy statutes. 136Mine eyes run down with streams of water, because they keep not thy law. 137TZADE. Righteous art thou, Jehovah, and upright are thy judgments. 138Thou hast commanded thy testimonies in righteousness and exceeding faithfulness. 139My zeal destroyeth me, because mine oppressors have forgotten thy words. 140Thy word is exceeding pure, and thy servant loveth it. 141I am little and despised: thy precepts have I not forgotten. 142Thy righteousness is an everlasting righteousness, and thy law is truth. 143Trouble and anguish have taken hold upon me: thy commandments are my delights. 144The righteousness of thy testimonies is for ever: give me understanding, and I shall live. 145KOPH. I have called with [my] whole heart; answer me, O Jehovah: I will observe thy statutes. 146I call upon thee; save me, and I will keep thy testimonies. 147I anticipate the morning-dawn and I cry: I hope in thy word. 148Mine eyes anticipate the night-watches, that I may meditate in thy word. 149Hear my voice according to thy loving-kindness: O Jehovah, quicken me according to thy judgment. 150They have drawn nigh that follow after mischief: they are far from thy law. 151Thou, Jehovah, art near, and all thy commandments are truth. 152From thy testimonies, I have known of old that thou hast founded them for ever. 153RESH. See mine affliction, and deliver me; for I have not forgotten thy law. 154Plead my cause, and redeem me: quicken me according to thy word. 155Salvation is far from the wicked; for they seek not thy statutes. 156Many are thy tender mercies, O Jehovah; quicken me according to thy judgments. 157Many are my persecutors and mine oppressors; I have not declined from thy testimonies. 158I beheld them that deal treacherously, and was grieved; because they kept not thy word. 159See how I have loved thy precepts: quicken me, O Jehovah, according to thy loving-kindness. 160The sum of thy word is truth, and every righteous judgment of thine is for ever. 161SHIN. Princes have persecuted me without a cause; but my heart standeth in awe of thy word. 162I have joy in thy word, as one that findeth great spoil. 163I hate and abhor falsehood; thy law do I love. 164Seven times a day do I praise thee because of thy righteous judgments. 165Great peace have they that love thy law, and nothing doth stumble them. 166I have hoped for thy salvation, O Jehovah, and have done thy commandments. 167My soul hath kept thy testimonies, and I love them exceedingly. 168I have kept thy precepts and thy testimonies; for all my ways are before thee. 169TAU. Let my cry come near before thee, Jehovah: give me understanding according to thy word. 170Let my supplication come before thee: deliver me according to thy word. 171My lips shall pour forth praise when thou hast taught me thy statutes. 172My tongue shall speak aloud of thy word; for all thy commandments are righteousness. 173Let thy hand be for my help; for I have chosen thy precepts. 174I have longed for thy salvation, O Jehovah, and thy law is my delight. 175Let my soul live, and it shall praise thee; and let thy judgments help me. 176I have gone astray like a lost sheep: seek thy servant; for I have not forgotten thy commandments.

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89 Thy word, O Jehovah I endure for ever. Many explain this verse as if David adduced the stability of the heavens as a proof of God’s truth. According to them the meaning is, that God is proved to be true because the heavens continually remain in the same state. 429429     This is the explanation given by Walford. His translation is —
   “O Jehovah! for ever
Is thy word established in the heavens.”

   Upon which he observes: “The design of these words is by no means obvious, and the interpreters vary greatly in their explications. I have not met with any explanation that is altogether satisfactory, and shall therefore give what appears to me to be the true meaning. The design, in general, of the Psalmist is, to celebrate the immutability of the word of God: whatever He speaks is sure. To illustrate this position, he refers to the creation of the heavens and of the earth; they were alike formed by the word of God, — ‘He spake, and it was done.’ By virtue of that word these vast productions abide through all ages, so that the word of God is established and displayed in heaven and upon earth. As the same word uttered all the precepts and institutions of the law, and all the promises of the covenant of mercy, the unchangeableness of these precepts and promises is verified and manifested by the perpetual conservation of all these instances of physical power and energy.”
Others offer a still more forced interpretation, That God’s truth is more sure than the state of the heavens. But it appears to me that the prophet intended to convey a very different idea. As we see nothing constant or of long continuance upon earth, he elevates our minds to heaven, that they may fix their anchor there. David, no doubt, might have said, as he has done in many other places, that the whole order of the world bears testimony to the steadfastness of God’s word — that word which is most true. But as there is reason to fear that the minds of the godly would hang in uncertainty if they rested the proof of God’s truth upon the state of the world, in which such manifold disorders prevail; by placing God’s truth in the heavens, he allots to it a habitation subject to no changes. That no person then may estimate God’s word from the various vicissitudes which meet his eye in this world, heaven is tacitly set in opposition to the earth. Our salvation, as if it had been said, being shut up in God’s word, is not subject to change, as all earthly things are, but is anchored in a safe and peaceful haven. The same truth the Prophet Isaiah teaches in somewhat different words:

“All flesh is grass, and all the godliness thereof is as the flower of the field,” (Isaiah 40:6.)

He means, according to the Apostle Peter’s exposition, (1 Peter 1:24) that the certainty of salvation is to be sought in the word, and, therefor that they do wrong who settle their minds upon the world; for the steadfastness of God’s word far transcends the stability of the world.




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