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119. Psalm 119

1Blessed are they that are aperfect in the way,

Who walk in the law of Jehovah.

2Blessed are they that keep his testimonies,

That seek him with the whole heart.

3Yea, they do no unrighteousness;

They walk in his ways.

4Thou hast commanded us thy precepts,

That we should observe them diligently.

5Oh that my ways were established

To observe thy statutes!

6Then shall I not be put to shame,

When I have respect unto all thy commandments.

7I will give thanks unto thee with uprightness of heart,

When I learn thy righteous judgments.

8I will observe thy statutes:

Oh forsake me not utterly.


9Wherewith shall a young man cleanse his way?

By taking heed thereto according to thy word.

10With my whole heart have I sought thee:

Oh let me not wander from thy commandments.

11Thy word have I laid up in my heart,

That I might not sin against thee.

12Blessed art thou, O Jehovah:

Teach me thy statutes.

13With my lips have I declared

All the ordinances of thy mouth.

14I have rejoiced in the way of thy testimonies,

As much as in all riches.

15I will meditate on thy precepts,

And have respect unto thy ways.

16I will delight myself in thy statutes:

I will not forget thy word.


17Deal bountifully with thy servant, that I may live;

So will I observe thy word.

18Open thou mine eyes, that I may behold

Wondrous things out of thy law.

19I am a sojourner in the earth:

Hide not thy commandments from me.

20My soul breaketh for the longing

That it hath unto thine ordinances at all times.

21Thou hast rebuked the proud athat are cursed,

That do wander from thy commandments.

22Take away from me reproach and contempt;

For I have kept thy testimonies.

23Princes also sat and talked against me;

But thy servant did meditate on thy statutes.

24Thy testimonies also are my delight

And amy counsellors.


25My soul cleaveth unto the dust:

Quicken thou me according to thy word.

26I declared my ways, and thou answeredst me:

Teach me thy statutes.

27Make me to understand the way of thy precepts:

So shall I meditate on thy wondrous works.

28My soul amelteth for heaviness:

Strengthen thou me according unto thy word.

29Remove from me the way of falsehood;

And grant me thy law graciously.

30I have chosen the way of faithfulness:

Thine ordinances have I set before me.

31I cleave unto thy testimonies:

O Jehovah, put me not to shame.

32I will run the way of thy commandments,

When thou shalt enlarge my heart.


33Teach me, O Jehovah, the way of thy statutes;

And I shall keep it unto the end.

34Give me understanding, and I shall keep thy law;

Yea, I shall observe it with my whole heart.

35Make me to go in the path of thy commandments;

For therein do I delight.

36Incline my heart unto thy testimonies,

And not to covetousness.

37Turn away mine eyes from beholding vanity,

And quicken me in thy ways.

38Confirm unto thy servant thy word,

aWhich is in order unto the fear of thee.

39Turn away my reproach whereof I am afraid;

For thine ordinances are good.

40Behold, I have longed after thy precepts:

Quicken me in thy righteousness.


41Let thy lovingkindnesses also come unto me, O Jehovah,

Even thy salvation, according to thy word.

42So shall I have an answer for him that reproacheth me;

For I trust in thy word.

43And take not the word of truth utterly out of my mouth;

For I have hoped in thine ordinances.

44So shall I observe thy law continually

For ever and ever.

45And I shall walk at liberty;

For I have sought thy precepts.

46I will also speak of thy testimonies before kings,

And shall not be put to shame.

47And I will delight myself in thy commandments,

Which I have loved.

48I will lift up my hands also unto thy commandments, which I have loved;

And I will meditate on thy statutes.


49Remember the word unto thy servant,

Because thou hast made me to hope.

50This is my comfort in my affliction;

aFor thy word hath quickened me.

51The proud have had me greatly in derision:

Yet have I not swerved from thy law.

52I have remembered thine ordinances of old, O Jehovah,

And have comforted myself.

53 aHot indignation hath taken hold upon me,

Because of the wicked that forsake thy law.

54Thy statutes have been my songs

In the house of my pilgrimage.

55I have remembered thy name, O Jehovah, in the night,

And have observed thy law.

56This I have had,

aBecause I have kept thy precepts.


57 aJehovah is my portion:

I have said that I would observe thy words.

58I entreated thy favor with my whole heart:

Be merciful unto me according to thy word.

59I thought on my ways,

And turned my feet unto thy testimonies.

60I made haste, and delayed not,

To observe thy commandments.

61The cords of the wicked have wrapped me round;

But I have not forgotten thy law.

62At midnight I will rise to give thanks unto thee

Because of thy righteous ordinances.

63I am a companion of all them that fear thee,

And of them that observe thy precepts.

64The earth, O Jehovah, is full of thy lovingkindness:

Teach me thy statutes.


65Thou hast dealt well with thy servant,

O Jehovah, according unto thy word.

66Teach me good judgment and knowledge;

For I have believed in thy commandments.

67Before I was afflicted I went astray;

But now I observe thy word.

68Thou art good, and doest good;

Teach me thy statutes.

69The proud have forged a lie against me:

With my whole heart will I keep thy precepts.

70Their heart is as fat as grease;

But I delight in thy law.

71It is good for me that I have been afflicted;

That I may learn thy statutes.

72The law of thy mouth is better unto me

Than thousands of gold and silver.


73Thy hands have made me and afashioned me:

Give me understanding, that I may learn thy commandments.

74They that fear thee shall see me and be glad,

Because I have hoped in thy word.

75I know, O Jehovah, that thy judgments are righteous,

And that in faithfulness thou hast afflicted me.

76Let, I pray thee, thy lovingkindness be for my comfort,

According to thy word unto thy servant.

77Let thy tender mercies come unto me, that I may live;

For thy law is my delight.

78Let the proud be put to shame;

For they have overthrown me awrongfully:

But I will meditate on thy precepts.

79Let those that fear thee turn unto me;

aAnd they shall know thy testimonies.

80Let my heart be perfect in thy statutes,

That I be not put to shame.


81My soul fainteth for thy salvation;

But I hope in thy word.

82Mine eyes fail for thy word,

While I say, When wilt thou comfort me?

83For I am become like a wine-skin in the smoke;

Yet do I not forget thy statutes.

84How many are the days of thy servant?

When wilt thou execute judgment on them that persecute me?

85The proud have digged pits for me,

Who are not according to thy law.

86All thy commandments are faithful:

They persecute me wrongfully; help thou me.

87They had almost consumed me upon earth;

But I forsook not thy precepts.


88Quicken me after thy lovingkindness;

So shall I observe the testimony of thy mouth.

89For ever, O Jehovah,

Thy word is settled in heaven.

90Thy faithfulness is unto all generations:

Thou hast established the earth, and it abideth.

91 aThey abide this day according to thine ordinances;

For all things are thy servants.

92Unless thy law had been my delight,

I should then have perished in mine affliction.

93I will never forget thy precepts;

For with them thou hast quickened me.

94I am thine, save me;

For I have sought thy precepts.

95The wicked have waited for me, to destroy me;

But I will consider thy testimonies.


96I have seen an end of all perfection;

But thy commandment is exceeding broad.

97Oh how love I thy law!

It is my meditation all the day.

98 aThy commandments make me wiser than mine enemies;

For they are ever with me.

99I have more understanding than all my teachers;

For thy testimonies are my meditation.

100I understand more than the aged,

Because I have kept thy precepts.

101I have refrained my feet from every evil way,

That I might observe thy word.

102I have not turned aside from thine ordinances;

For thou hast taught me.

103How sweet are thy words unto my ataste!

Yea, sweeter than honey to my mouth!

104Through thy precepts I get understanding:

Therefore I hate every false way.


105Thy word is a lamp unto my feet,

And light unto my path.

106I have sworn, and have confirmed it,

That I will observe thy righteous ordinances.

107I am afflicted very much:

Quicken me, O Jehovah, according unto thy word.

108Accept, I beseech thee, the freewill-offerings of my mouth, O Jehovah,

And teach me thine ordinances.

109My soul is continually in my hand;

Yet do I not forget thy law.

110The wicked have laid a snare for me;

Yet have I not gone astray from thy precepts.

111Thy testimonies have I taken as a heritage for ever;

For they are the rejoicing of my heart.

112I have inclined my heart to perform thy statutes

For ever, even unto the end.


113I hate them that are of a double mind;

But thy law do I love.

114Thou art my hiding-place and my shield:

I hope in thy word.

115Depart from me, ye evil-doers,

That I may keep the commandments of my God.

116Uphold me according unto thy word, that I may live;

And let me not be ashamed of my hope.

117Hold thou me up, and I shall be safe,

And shall have respect unto thy statutes continually.

118Thou hast set at nought all them that err from thy statutes;

For their deceit is afalsehood.

119Thou aputtest away all the wicked of the earth like dross:

Therefore I love thy testimonies.

120My flesh trembleth for fear of thee;

And I am afraid of thy judgments.


121I have done justice and righteousness:

Leave me not to mine oppressors.

122Be surety for thy servant for good:

Let not the proud oppress me.

123Mine eyes fail for thy salvation,

And for thy righteous word.

124Deal with thy servant according unto thy lovingkindness,

And teach me thy statutes.

125I am thy servant; give me understanding,

That I may know thy testimonies.

126It is time for Jehovah to work;

For they have made void thy law.

127Therefore I love thy commandments

Above gold, yea, above fine gold.

128Therefore I esteem all thy precepts concerning all things to be right;

And I hate every false way.


129Thy testimonies are wonderful;

Therefore doth my soul keep them.

130The opening of thy words giveth light;

It giveth understanding unto the simple.

131I opened wide my mouth, and panted;

For I longed for thy commandments.

132Turn thee unto me, and have mercy upon me,

As thou usest to do unto those that love thy name.

133Establish my footsteps in thy word;

And let not any iniquity have dominion over me.

134Redeem me from the oppression of man:

So will I observe thy precepts.

135Make thy face to shine upon thy servant;

And teach me thy statutes.

136Streams of water run down mine eyes,

Because they observe not thy law.


137Righteous art thou, O Jehovah,

And upright aare thy judgments.

138Thou hast commanded thy testimonies in righteousness

And very faithfulness.

139My zeal hath aconsumed me,

Because mine adversaries have forgotten thy words.

140Thy word is very apure;

Therefore thy servant loveth it.

141I am small and despised;

Yet do I not forget thy precepts.

142Thy righteousness is an everlasting righteousness,

And thy law is truth.

143Trouble and anguish have ataken hold on me;

Yet thy commandments are my delight.

144Thy testimonies are righteous for ever:

Give me understanding, and I shall live.


145I have called with my whole heart; answer me, O Jehovah:

I will keep thy statutes.

146I have called unto thee; save me,

And I shall observe thy testimonies.

147I anticipated the dawning of the morning, and cried:

I hoped in thy words.

148Mine eyes anticipated the night-watches,

That I might meditate on thy word.

149Hear my voice according unto thy lovingkindness:

Quicken me, O Jehovah, aaccording to thine ordinances.

150They draw nigh athat follow after wickedness;

They are far from thy law.

151Thou art nigh, O Jehovah;

And all thy commandments are truth.

152Of old have I known from thy testimonies,

That thou hast founded them for ever.


153Consider mine affliction, and deliver me;

For I do not forget thy law.

154Plead thou my cause, and redeem me:

Quicken me according to thy word.

155Salvation is far from the wicked;

For they seek not thy statutes.

156Great are thy tender mercies, O Jehovah:

Quicken me according to thine ordinances.

157Many are my persecutors and mine adversaries;

Yet have I not swerved from thy testimonies.

158I beheld the treacherous, and awas grieved,

Because they observe not thy word.

159Consider how I love thy precepts:

Quicken me, O Jehovah, according to thy lovingkindness.

160The sum of thy word is truth;

And every one of thy righteous ordinances endureth for ever.


161Princes have persecuted me without a cause;

But my heart standeth in awe of thy words.

162I rejoice at thy word,

As one that findeth great spoil.

163I hate and abhor falsehood;

But thy law do I love.

164Seven times a day do I praise thee,

Because of thy righteous ordinances.

165Great peace have they that love thy law;

And they have no occasion of stumbling.

166I have hoped for thy salvation, O Jehovah,

And have done thy commandments.

167My soul hath observed thy testimonies;

And I love them exceedingly.

168I have observed thy precepts and thy testimonies;

For all my ways are before thee.


169Let my cry come near before thee, O Jehovah:

Give me understanding according to thy word.

170Let my supplication come before thee:

Deliver me according to thy word.

171Let my lips utter praise;

For thou teachest me thy statutes.

172Let my tongue sing of thy word;

For all thy commandments are righteousness.

173Let thy hand be ready to help me;

For I have chosen thy precepts.

174I have longed for thy salvation, O Jehovah;

And thy law is my delight.

175Let my soul live, and it shall praise thee;

And let thine ordinances help me.

176I have gone astray like a lost sheep;

Seek thy servant;

For I do not forget thy commandments.

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1 Blessed are they who are upright In these words the prophet sets forth the same paradox which we met with at the commencement of the Book of Psalms. All men naturally aspire after happiness, but instead of searching for it in the right path, they designedly prefer wandering up and down through endless by-paths, to their ruin and destruction. The Holy Spirit deservedly condemns this apathy and blindness. And but for man’s cupidity, which, with brutish impetuosity, hurries him in the opposite direction, the meaning of the words would appear quite plain to him. And the further a man wanders from God, the happier does he imagine himself to be; and hence all treat, as a fable, what the Holy Spirit declares about true piety and the service of God. This is a doctrine which scarcely one among a hundred receives.

The term way, is here put for the manner, or course and way of life: and hence he calls those upright in their way, whose sincere and uniform desire it is to practice righteousness, and to devote their life to this purpose. In the next clause of the verse, he specifics more clearly, that a godly and righteous life consists in walking in the law of God If a person follow his own humor and caprice, he is certain to go astray; and even should he enjoy the applause of the whole world, he will only weary himself with very vanity. But it may be asked, whether the prophet excludes from the hope of happiness all who do not worship God perfectly? Were this his meaning, it would follow that none except angels alone would be happy, seeing that the perfect observance of the law is to be found in no part, of the earth. The answer is easy: When uprightness is demanded of the children of God, they do not lose the gracious remission of their sins, in which their salvation alone consists. While, then, the servants of God are happy, they still need to take refuge in his mercy, because their uprightness is not complete. In this manner are they who faithfully observe the law of God said to be truly happy; and thus is fulfilled that which is declared in Psalm 32:2, “Blessed are they to whom God imputeth not sins.” In the second verse, the same doctrine is confirmed more fully, by pronouncing blessed, not. such as are wise in their own conceit, or assume a sort of fantastical holiness, but those who dedicate themselves to the covenant of God, and yield obedience to the dictates of hits law. Farther, by these words, he tells us that God is by no means satisfied with mere external service, for he demands the sincere and honest affection of the heart. And assuredly, if God be the sole judge and disposer of our life:, the truth must occupy the principal place in our heart, because it is not sufficient to have our hands and feet only enlisted in his service.

3. Surely they do not work iniquity The statement, that they who follow God as their guide do not work iniquity, may seem to be a mere common-place, and universally admitted truth. The prophet has two reasons for making it; first, to teach us that our life must be entirely under the direction of God; and, secondly, that we may more diligently and carefully attend to his doctrine. It is acknowledged by every one, that those who render obedience to God are in no danger of going astray, and yet every one is found turning aside to his own ways. Does not such licentiousness or presumption palpably demonstrate that they have a greater regard for their own devices than for the unerring law of God? And after all, as often as a man happens to fall, is not the plea of inadvertence instantly alleged, as if none ever sinned knowingly and voluntarily; or as if the law of God, which is an antidote to all delinquencies, because it keeps all our vicious propensities in check, did not furnish us with sufficient wisdom to put us upon our guard? The prophet, therefore, very justly declares, that those who are instructed in the law of God, cannot set up the plea of ignorance when they fall into sin, seeing they are willfully blind. Were they to attend carefully to God’s voice, they would be well fortified against all the snares of Satan. To strike them with terror, he informs them in the fourth verse, that God demands a rigid observance of the law; from which it may be gathered, that he will not suffer the contemners of it to escape with impunity. Besides, by speaking to God in the second person, he places him before our eyes as a Judge.