World Wide Study Bible
a Bible passage
109. Psalm 109
1Hold not thy peace, O God of my praise;
2For the mouth of the wicked and the mouth of deceit have they opened against me:
They have spoken aunto me with a lying tongue.
3They have compassed me about also with words of hatred,
And fought against me without a cause.
4For my love they are my adversaries:
But I give myself unto prayer.
5And they have arewarded me evil for good,
And hatred for my love.
6Set thou a wicked man over him;
And let aan adversary stand at his right hand.
7When he is judged, let him come forth guilty;
And let his prayer abe turned into sin.
8Let his days be few;
And let another take his office.
9Let his children be fatherless,
And his wife a widow.
10Let his children be vagabonds, and beg;
And let them seek their bread aout of their desolate places.
11Let the extortioner acatch all that he hath;
And let strangers make spoil of his labor.
12Let there be none to aextend kindness unto him;
Neither let there be any to have pity on his fatherless children.
13Let his posterity be cut off;
In the generation following let their name be blotted out.
14Let the iniquity of his fathers be remembered with Jehovah;
And let not the sin of his mother be blotted out.
15Let them be before Jehovah continually,
That he may cut off the memory of them from the earth;
16Because he remembered not to show kindness,
But persecuted the poor and needy man,
And the broken in heart, to slay them.
17Yea, he loved cursing, and it came unto him;
And he delighted not in blessing, and it was far from him.
18He clothed himself also with cursing as with his garment,
And it came into his inward parts like water,
And like oil into his bones.
19Let it be unto him as the raiment wherewith he covereth himself,
And for the girdle wherewith he is girded continually.
20This is the reward of mine adversaries from Jehovah,
And of them that speak evil against my soul.
21But deal thou with me, O Jehovah the Lord, for thy name's sake:
Because thy lovingkindness is good, deliver thou me;
22For I am poor and needy,
And my heart is wounded within me.
23I am gone like the shadow when it adeclineth:
I am tossed up and down as the locust.
24My knees aare weak through fasting;
And my flesh faileth of fatness.
25I am become also a reproach unto them:
When they see me, they shake their head.
26Help me, O Jehovah my God;
Oh save me according to thy lovingkindness:
27That they may know that this is thy hand;
That thou, Jehovah, hast done it.
28Let them curse, but bless thou:
When they arise, they shall be put to shame,
But thy servant shall rejoice.
29 aLet mine adversaries be clothed with dishonor,
And let them cover themselves with their own shame as with a robe.
30I will give great thanks unto Jehovah with my mouth;
Yea, I will praise him among the multitude.
31For he will stand at the right hand of the needy,
To save him from them that judge his soul.
Ps 109:1-31. The writer complains of his virulent enemies, on whom he imprecates God's righteous punishment, and to a prayer for a divine interposition in his behalf appends the expression of his confidence and a promise of his praises. This Psalm is remarkable for the number and severity of its imprecations. Its evident typical character (compare Ps 109:8) justifies the explanation of these already given, that as the language of David respecting his own enemies, or those of Christ, it has respect not to the penitent, but to the impenitent and implacable foes of good men, and of God and His cause, whose inevitable fate is thus indicated by inspired authority.
2. For the mouth … opened—or, "They have opened a wicked mouth"
against me—literally, "with me," that is, Their intercourse is lying, or, they slander me to my face (Mt 26:59).
I give myself unto prayer—or literally, "I (am) prayer," or, "as for me, prayer," that is, it is my resource for comfort in distress.
6. over him—one of his enemies prominent in malignity (Ps 55:12).
7. The condemnation is aggravated when prayer for relief is treated as a sin.
office—literally, "charge," Septuagint, and Peter, "oversight" [1Pe 5:2].
9, 10. Let his family share the punishment, his children be as wandering beggars to prowl in their desolate homes, a greedy and relentless creditor grasp his substance, his labor, or the fruit of it, enure to strangers and not his heirs, and his unprotected, fatherless children fall in want, so that his posterity shall utterly fail.
13. posterity—literally, "end," as in Ps 37:38, or, what comes after; that is, reward, or success, or its expectation, of which posterity was to a Jew a prominent part.
14, 15. Let the iniquity of his fathers be remembered, &c.—Added to the terrible overthrow following his own sin, let there be the imputation of his parents' guilt, that it may now come before God, for His meting out its full consequences, in cutting off the memory of them (that is, the parents) from the earth (Ps 34:16).