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104. Psalm 104

1Bless Jehovah, O my soul.

O Jehovah my God, thou art very great;

Thou art clothed with honor and majesty:

2Who coverest thyself with light as with a garment;

Who stretchest out the heavens like a curtain;

3Who layeth the beams of his chambers in the waters;

Who maketh the clouds his chariot;

Who walketh upon the wings of the wind;

4Who maketh awinds his messengers;

Flames of fire his ministers;

5 aWho laid the foundations of the earth,

That it should not be moved for ever.

6Thou coveredst it with the deep as with a vesture;

The waters stood above the mountains.

7At thy rebuke they fled;

At the voice of thy thunder they hasted away

8 a(The mountains rose, the valleys sank down)

Unto the place which thou hadst founded for them.

9Thou hast set a bound that they may not pass over;

That they turn not again to cover the earth.

10He sendeth forth springs into the valleys;

They run among the mountains;

11They give drink to every beast of the field;

The wild asses quench their thirst.

12By them the birds of the heavens have their habitation;

They asing among the branches.

13He watereth the mountains from his chambers:

The earth is filled with the fruit of thy works.

14He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle,

And herb for the aservice of man;

That he may bring forth afood out of the earth,

15And wine that maketh glad the heart of man,

aAnd oil to make his face to shine,

And bread that strengtheneth man's heart.

16The trees of Jehovah are filled with moisture,

The cedars of Lebanon, which he hath planted;

17Where the birds make their nests:

As for the stork, the fir-trees are her house.

18The high mountains are for the wild goats;

The rocks are a refuge for the conies.

19He appointed the moon for seasons:

The sun knoweth his going down.

20Thou makest darkness, and it is night,

Wherein all the beasts of the forest creep forth.

21The young lions roar after their prey,

And seek their food from God.

22The sun ariseth, they get them away,

And lay them down in their dens.

23Man goeth forth unto his work

And to his labor until the evening.

24O Jehovah, how manifold are thy works!

In wisdom hast thou made them all:

The earth is full of thy ariches.

25Yonder is the sea, great and wide,

Wherein are things creeping innumerable,

Both small and great beasts.

26There go the ships;

There is leviathan, whom thou hast formed to play atherein.

27These wait all for thee,

That thou mayest give them their food in due season.

28Thou givest unto them, they gather;

Thou openest thy hand, they are satisfied with good.

29Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled;

Thou atakest away their breath, they die,

And return to their dust.

30Thou sendest forth thy Spirit, they are created;

And thou renewest the face of the ground.

31Let the glory of Jehovah endure for ever;

Let Jehovah rejoice in his works:

32Who looketh on the earth, and it trembleth;

He toucheth the mountains, and they smoke.

33I will sing unto Jehovah as long as I live:

I will sing praise to my God while I have any being.

34Let thy meditation be sweet unto him:

I will rejoice in Jehovah.

35Let sinners be consumed out of the earth.

And let the wicked be no more.

Bless Jehovah, O my soul.

aPraise ye Jehovah.

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19. He hath appointed the moon to distinguish seasons The Psalmist now comes to another commendation of God’s providence as manifested in the beautiful arrangement by which the course of the sun and moon alternately succeeds each other; for the diversity in their mutual changes is so far from producing confusion, that all must easily perceive the impossibility of finding any better method of distinguishing time. When it is said, that the moon was appointed to distinguish seasons, interpreters agree that this is to be understood of the ordinary and appointed feasts. The Hebrews having been accustomed to compute their months by the moon, this served for regulating their festival days and assemblies, both sacred and political. 194194     “The greatest part of the Jewish feasts, as the New Moon, the Passover, the Pentecost, etc., were governed by the moon.” — Dimoch. The prophet, I have no doubt, by the figure synecdoche, puts a part for the whole, intimating, that the moon not only distinguishes the days from the nights, but likewise marks out the festival days, measures years and months, and, in fine, answers many useful purposes, inasmuch as the distinction of times is taken from her course. As to the sentence, The sun knoweth his going down, I understand it not only of his daily circuit, but as also denoting that by gradually approaching nearer us at one time, and receding farther from us at another, he knows how to regulate his movements by which to make summer, winter, spring, and autumn. It is farther stated, that the beasts of the forest creep forth during the night, because they go out of their dens with fear. Some translate the verb רמש, ramas, to walk; but its proper signification which I have given is not unsuitable; for although hunger often drives wild beasts into fury, yet they watch for the darkness of the night, that they may move abroad from their hiding-places, and on account of this fearfulness they are said to creep forth.