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Wisdom’s Feast

 9

Wisdom has built her house,

she has hewn her seven pillars.

2

She has slaughtered her animals, she has mixed her wine,

she has also set her table.

3

She has sent out her servant-girls, she calls

from the highest places in the town,

4

“You that are simple, turn in here!”

To those without sense she says,

5

“Come, eat of my bread

and drink of the wine I have mixed.

6

Lay aside immaturity, and live,

and walk in the way of insight.”

 

General Maxims

7

Whoever corrects a scoffer wins abuse;

whoever rebukes the wicked gets hurt.

8

A scoffer who is rebuked will only hate you;

the wise, when rebuked, will love you.

9

Give instruction to the wise, and they will become wiser still;

teach the righteous and they will gain in learning.

10

The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom,

and the knowledge of the Holy One is insight.

11

For by me your days will be multiplied,

and years will be added to your life.

12

If you are wise, you are wise for yourself;

if you scoff, you alone will bear it.

 

Folly’s Invitation and Promise

13

The foolish woman is loud;

she is ignorant and knows nothing.

14

She sits at the door of her house,

on a seat at the high places of the town,

15

calling to those who pass by,

who are going straight on their way,

16

“You who are simple, turn in here!”

And to those without sense she says,

17

“Stolen water is sweet,

and bread eaten in secret is pleasant.”

18

But they do not know that the dead are there,

that her guests are in the depths of Sheol.

 


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Pr 9:1-18. The commendation of wisdom is continued, under the figure of a liberal host, and its provisions under that of a feast (compare Lu 14:16-24). The character of those who are invited is followed by a contrasted description of the rejectors of good counsel; and with the invitations of wisdom are contrasted the allurement of the wicked woman.

1. house—(compare Pr 8:34).

her—or, "its" (the house).

seven pillars—the number seven for many, or a sufficiency (Pr 6:31).

2. mingled—to enhance the flavor (Pr 23:30; Isa 5:22).

furnished—literally, "set out," "arranged."

3. maidens—servants to invite (compare Ps 68:11; Isa 40:9).

highest places—ridges of heights, conspicuous places.

4-6. (Compare Pr 1:4; 6:32). Wisdom not only supplies right but forbids wrong principles.

7, 8. shame—(Compare Pr 3:35).

a blot—or, "stain on character." Both terms denote the evil done by others to one whose faithfulness secures a wise man's love.

9. The more a wise man learns, the more he loves wisdom.

10. (Compare Pr 1:7).

of the holy—literally, "holies," persons or things, or both. This knowledge gives right perception.

11. (Compare Pr 3:16-18; 4:10).

12. You are mainly concerned in your own conduct.

13. foolish woman—or literally, "woman of folly," specially manifested by such as are described.

clamorous—or, "noisy" (Pr 7:11).

knoweth nothing—literally, "knoweth not what," that is, is right and proper.

14. on a seat—literally, "throne," takes a prominent place, impudently and haughtily.

15, 16. to allure those who are right-minded, and who are addressed as in Pr 9:4, as

simple—that is, easily led (Pr 1:4) and unsettled, though willing to do right.

17. The language of a proverb, meaning that forbidden delights are sweet and pleasant, as fruits of risk and danger.

18. (Compare Pr 2:18, 19; 7:27).




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