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a Bible passage

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The wicked flee when no one pursues,

but the righteous are as bold as a lion.


When a land rebels

it has many rulers;

but with an intelligent ruler

there is lasting order.


A ruler who oppresses the poor

is a beating rain that leaves no food.


Those who forsake the law praise the wicked,

but those who keep the law struggle against them.


The evil do not understand justice,

but those who seek the Lord understand it completely.


Better to be poor and walk in integrity

than to be crooked in one’s ways even though rich.


Those who keep the law are wise children,

but companions of gluttons shame their parents.


One who augments wealth by exorbitant interest

gathers it for another who is kind to the poor.


When one will not listen to the law,

even one’s prayers are an abomination.


Those who mislead the upright into evil ways

will fall into pits of their own making,

but the blameless will have a goodly inheritance.


The rich is wise in self-esteem,

but an intelligent poor person sees through the pose.


When the righteous triumph, there is great glory,

but when the wicked prevail, people go into hiding.


No one who conceals transgressions will prosper,

but one who confesses and forsakes them will obtain mercy.


Happy is the one who is never without fear,

but one who is hard-hearted will fall into calamity.


Like a roaring lion or a charging bear

is a wicked ruler over a poor people.


A ruler who lacks understanding is a cruel oppressor;

but one who hates unjust gain will enjoy a long life.


If someone is burdened with the blood of another,

let that killer be a fugitive until death;

let no one offer assistance.


One who walks in integrity will be safe,

but whoever follows crooked ways will fall into the Pit.


Anyone who tills the land will have plenty of bread,

but one who follows worthless pursuits will have plenty of poverty.


The faithful will abound with blessings,

but one who is in a hurry to be rich will not go unpunished.


To show partiality is not good—

yet for a piece of bread a person may do wrong.


The miser is in a hurry to get rich

and does not know that loss is sure to come.


Whoever rebukes a person will afterward find more favor

than one who flatters with the tongue.


Anyone who robs father or mother

and says, “That is no crime,”

is partner to a thug.


The greedy person stirs up strife,

but whoever trusts in the Lord will be enriched.


Those who trust in their own wits are fools;

but those who walk in wisdom come through safely.


Whoever gives to the poor will lack nothing,

but one who turns a blind eye will get many a curse.


When the wicked prevail, people go into hiding;

but when they perish, the righteous increase.

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Pr 28:1-28.

1. A bad conscience makes men timid; the righteous are alone truly bold (Pr 14:26; Ps 27:1).

2. Anarchy producing contending rulers shortens the reign of each.

but by a man … prolonged—or, "by a man of understanding—that is, a good ruler—he who knows or regards the right, that is, a good citizen, shall prolong (his days)." Good rulers are a blessing to the people. Bad government as a punishment for evil is contrasted with good as blessing to the good.

3. A poor man, &c.—Such, in power, exact more severely, and so leave subjects bare.

4. They that forsake … wicked—Wrongdoers encourage one another.

5. (Compare Joh 7:17). Ignorance of moral truth is due to unwillingness to know it.

6. (Compare Pr 10:6). Riches cannot compensate for sin, nor the want of them affect integrity.

7. (Compare Pr 17:25).

riotous men—or, "gluttons" (Pr 23:20, 21).

8. usury … unjust gain—(Compare Margin). The two terms, meaning nearly the same, may denote excessive interest. God's providence directs the proper use of wealth.

9. (Compare Pr 15:8; 21:27).

hearing—that is, obeying. God requires sincere worshippers (Ps 66:18; Joh 4:24).

10. (Compare Pr 26:27).

11. A poor but wise man can discover (and expose) the rich and self-conceited.

12. great glory—or, cause for it to a people, for the righteous rejoice in good, and righteousness exalts a nation (Pr 14:34).

a man … hidden—that is, the good retire, or all kinds try to escape a wicked rule.

13. (Compare Ps 32:3-5). Concealment of sin delivers none from God's wrath, but He shows mercy to the humble penitent (Ps 51:4).

14. feareth—that is, God, and so repents.

hardeneth his heart—makes himself insensible to sin, and so will not repent (Pr 14:16; 29:1).

15. The rapacity and cruelty of such beasts well represent some wicked men (compare Ps 7:2; 17:12).

16. The prince … understanding—that is, He does not perceive that oppression jeopards his success. Covetousness often produces oppression, hence the contrast.

17. doeth violence … blood, &c.—or, that is oppressed by the blood of life (Ge 9:6), which he has taken.

to the pit—the grave or destruction (Pr 1:12; Job 33:18-24; Ps 143:7).

stay him—sustain or deliver him.

18. (Compare Pr 10:9; 17:20). Double dealing is eventually fatal.

19. (Compare Pr 10:4; 20:4).

vain persons—idle, useless drones, implying that they are also wicked (Pr 12:11; Ps 26:4).

20. maketh haste … rich—implying deceit or fraud (Pr 20:21), and so opposed to "faithful" or reliable.

21. respect of persons—(Pr 24:23). Such are led to evil by the slightest motive.

22. (Compare Pr 28:20).

evil eye—in the general sense of Pr 23:6, here more specific for covetousness (compare Pr 22:9; Mt 20:15).

poverty … him—by God's providence.

23. (Compare Pr 9:8, 9; 27:5). Those benefited by reproof will love their monitors.

24. (Compare Mt 15:4-6). Such, though heirs, are virtually thieves, to be ranked with highwaymen.

25. of a proud heart—literally, "puffed up of soul"—that is, self-confident, and hence overbearing and litigious.

made fat—or, "prosperous" (Pr 11:25; 16:20).

26. (Compare Pr 3:6-8).

walketh wisely—that is, trusting in God (Pr 22:17-19).

27. (Compare Pr 11:24-26).

hideth his eyes—as the face (Ps 27:9; 69:17), denotes inattention.

28. The elevation of the wicked to power drives men to seek refuge from tyranny (compare Pr 28:12; 11:10; Ps 12:8).