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22

A good name is to be chosen rather than great riches,

and favor is better than silver or gold.

2

The rich and the poor have this in common:

the Lord is the maker of them all.

3

The clever see danger and hide;

but the simple go on, and suffer for it.

4

The reward for humility and fear of the Lord

is riches and honor and life.

5

Thorns and snares are in the way of the perverse;

the cautious will keep far from them.

6

Train children in the right way,

and when old, they will not stray.

7

The rich rule over the poor,

and the borrower is the slave of the lender.

8

Whoever sows injustice will reap calamity,

and the rod of anger will fail.

9

Those who are generous are blessed,

for they share their bread with the poor.

10

Drive out a scoffer, and strife goes out;

quarreling and abuse will cease.

11

Those who love a pure heart and are gracious in speech

will have the king as a friend.

12

The eyes of the Lord keep watch over knowledge,

but he overthrows the words of the faithless.

13

The lazy person says, “There is a lion outside!

I shall be killed in the streets!”

14

The mouth of a loose woman is a deep pit;

he with whom the Lord is angry falls into it.

15

Folly is bound up in the heart of a boy,

but the rod of discipline drives it far away.

16

Oppressing the poor in order to enrich oneself,

and giving to the rich, will lead only to loss.

 

Sayings of the Wise

17

The words of the wise:

 

Incline your ear and hear my words,

and apply your mind to my teaching;

18

for it will be pleasant if you keep them within you,

if all of them are ready on your lips.

19

So that your trust may be in the Lord,

I have made them known to you today—yes, to you.

20

Have I not written for you thirty sayings

of admonition and knowledge,

21

to show you what is right and true,

so that you may give a true answer to those who sent you?

 

22

Do not rob the poor because they are poor,

or crush the afflicted at the gate;

23

for the Lord pleads their cause

and despoils of life those who despoil them.

24

Make no friends with those given to anger,

and do not associate with hotheads,

25

or you may learn their ways

and entangle yourself in a snare.

26

Do not be one of those who give pledges,

who become surety for debts.

27

If you have nothing with which to pay,

why should your bed be taken from under you?

28

Do not remove the ancient landmark

that your ancestors set up.

29

Do you see those who are skillful in their work?

They will serve kings;

they will not serve common people.

 


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Pr 22:1-29.

1. A good name—(Job 30:8, Hebrew); "good" is supplied here from Ec 7:1.

loving favour—kind regard, that is, of the wise and good.

2. Before God all are on the same footing (Pr 14:31; 17:5).

3. are punished—that is, for their temerity; for the evil is not necessarily punitive, as the prudent might otherwise be its objects.

4. humility and the fear of the Lord—are in apposition; one produces the other. On the results, compare Pr 3:16; 8:18.

5. he that … them—Those who properly watch over their own souls are thus preserved from the dangers which attend the way of perverse men (Pr 16:17).

6. Train—initiate, or early instruct.

the way—literally, "his way," that selected for him in which he should go; for early training secures habitual walking in it.

7. The influence of wealth sets aside moral distinctions is implied, and, of course, disapproved (compare Pr 19:6; 21:14, &c.).

8. (Compare Pr 11:18; Ps 109:16-20; Ga 6:7, 8).

the rod … fail—His power to do evil will be destroyed.

9. a bountiful eye—that is, a beneficent disposition.

for he giveth … poor—His acts prove it.

10. Cast out—or drive away. Scorners foster strife by taunts and revilings.

11. (Compare Margin).

pureness of heart—and gentle, kind words win favor, even from kings.

12. preserve—or guard.

knowledge—its principles and possessors.

overthroweth—utterly confounds and destroys the wicked.

13. Frivolous excuses satisfy the indolent man's conscience.

14. The mouth—or flattering speeches (Pr 5:3; 7:5) ensnare man, as pits, beasts. God makes their own sin their punishment.

15. is bound—or firmly fixed. Chastisement deters from crime and so leads to reformation of principle.

16. These two vices pertain to the same selfish feeling. Both are deservedly odious to God and incur punishment.

17. Here begins another division of the book, marked by those encouragements to the pursuit of wisdom, which are found in the earlier chapters. It will be observed that at Pr 22:22-24:12, the proverbs are generally expressed in two verses instead of one (see Introduction).

18. These lessons must be laid up in the mind, and

fitted—or better, "fixed" in the lips so as to be ever ready.

19. That … Lord—This is the design of the instruction.

20. excellent things—or probably of former times.

counsels and knowledge—both advice and instruction.

21. Specially he desires to secure accuracy, so that his pupil may teach others.

22, 23. Here follow ten precepts of two verses each. Though men fail to defend the poor, God will (Pr 17:5; Ps 12:5).

in the gate—place of public gathering (Job 5:4; Ps 69:12).

24, 25. (Compare Pr 2:12-15; 4:14).

25. a snare … soul—The unsuspecting are often misled by bad company.

26, 27. (Compare Pr 6:1; 17:18).

27. should he take, &c.—that is, the creditor.

28. (Compare Pr 23:10). Do not entrench on others (De 19:14; 27:17).

29. Success rewards diligence (Pr 10:4; 21:5).




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