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Pr 15:1-33.

1. soft—tender or gentle.

turneth … wrath—from any one.

stir up—as a smouldering fire is excited.

2. useth … aright—commends knowledge by its proper use.

poureth out—utters abundantly (Pr 12:23), and so disgusts others.

3. beholding—watching (compare Pr 5:21; Ps 66:7).

4. A wholesome tongue—(Compare Margin), pacifying and soothing language.

tree of life—(Pr 3:18; 11:30).

perverseness therein—cross, ill-natured language.

breach … spirit—(compare Isa 65:14, Hebrew), grieves, instead of appeasing.

5. (Compare Pr 4:1; 10:17; 13:1-18).

is prudent—acts discreetly.

6. treasure—implying utility.

trouble—vexation and affliction.

7. (Compare Pr 10:20, 21).

heart … not so—not right, or vain.

8, 9. The sacrifice [and] prayer—are acts of worship.

way … followeth … righteousness—denote conduct. God's regard for the worship and deeds of the righteous and wicked respectively, so stated in Ps 50:17; Isa 1:11.

10. (Compare Pr 10:17).

the way—that in which God would have him to go (Pr 2:13; Ps 119:1).

11. Hell—(Ps 16:10).

destruction—or, "Abaddon," the place of the destroyer. All the unseen world is open to God, much more men's hearts.

12. (Compare Pr 9:8).

go unto the wise—to be instructed.

13. maketh … countenance—or, "benefits the countenance."

spirit is broken—and so the countenance is sad.

14. (Compare Pr 10:21, 22). The wise grow wiser, the fools more foolish (Pr 9:9).

15. The state of the heart governs the outward condition.

evil—sad, contrasted with the cheerfulness of a feast.

16. trouble—agitation, implying the anxieties and perplexities attending wealth held by worldlings (Pr 16:18; 1Ti 6:6).

17. dinner—or, "allowance" (2Ki 25:30)—

of herbs—and that the plainest.

and hatred—(compare Pr 10:12, 18).

18. (Compare Pr 14:29; 16:32).

19. The difficulties of the slothful result from want of energy; the righteous find a

plain [and open] way—literally, "a highway," by diligence (1Sa 10:7; Ps 1:3).

20. (Compare Pr 10:1).

21. walketh uprightly—and so finds his joy (Pr 3:6; 10:23).

22. Without counsel—or, "deliberation," implying a wise deference to the opinions of the wise and good, contrasted with rashness.

23. Good advice blesses the giver and receiver.

24. (Compare Col 3:2). Holy purposes prevent sinning, and so its evils.

25. The most desolate who have God's aid have more permanent good than the self-reliant sinner (Pr 2:22; 12:7).

border—or, "boundary for possessions" (Ps 78:54).

26. are pleasant words—that is, pleasing to God (Pr 8:8, 9).

27. (Compare Pr 11:17). Avarice brings trouble to him and his.

hateth gifts—or, "bribes" (Ex 23:8; Ps 15:5), and is not avaricious.

28. (Compare Pr 15:14; 10:11). Caution is the fruit of wisdom; rashness of folly.

29. far … wicked—in His love and favor (Ps 22:11; 119:155).

30. light of the eyes—(Pr 13:9). What gives light rejoiceth the heart, by relieving from anxiety as to our course; so

good report—or, "doctrine" (Isa 28:9; 53:1),

maketh … fat—or, "gives prosperity" (Pr 3:13-17; 9:11). The last clause is illustrated by the first.

31, 32. (Compare Pr 10:17).

reproof of life—which leads to life.

abideth … wise—is numbered among them.

32. refuseth—or, "neglects," "passes by" (Pr 1:25; 4:15).

despiseth … soul—so acts as if esteeming its interests of no value.

33. The fear … wisdom—Wisdom instructs in true piety.

before … humility—(compare Lu 24:26; 1Pe 1:11); opposite (compare Pr 16:18).